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Showing 5 results for Ghohani Arab

H. Ghohani Arab, M. R. Ghasemi, M. Miri,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (10-2013)

Weighted Uniform Simulation (WUS) is recently presented as one of the efficient simulation methods to obtain structural failure probability and most probable point (MPP). This method requires initial assumptions of failure probability to obtain results. Besides, it has the problem of variation in results when it conducted with few samples. In the present study three strategies have been presented that efficiently enhanced capabilities of WUS. To this aim, a progressively expanding intervals strategy proposed to eliminate the requirement to initial assumptions in WUS, while low-discrepancy samples simultaneously employed to reduce variations in failure probabilities. Moreover, to improve the accuracy of MPP, a new simple local search method proposed and combined with the simulation that strengthened the method to obtain more accurate MPP. The capabilities of proposed strategies investigated by solving several structural reliability problems and obtained results compared with traditional WUS and common reliability methods. Results show that proposed strategies efficiently improved the capabilities of conventional WUS.
A. Khajeh, M. R. Ghasemi, H. Ghohani Arab,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (3-2017)

This paper combines particle swarm optimization, grid search method and univariate method as a general optimization approach for any type of problems emphasizing on optimum design of steel frame structures. The new algorithm is denoted as the GSU-PSO. This method attempts to decrease the search space and only searches the space near the optimum point. To achieve this aim, the whole search space is divided into a series of grids by applying the grid search method. By using a method derived from the univariate method, the variables of the best particle change values. Finally, by considering an interval adjustment to the variables and generating particles randomly in new intervals, the particle swarm optimization allows us to swiftly find the optimum solution. This method causes converge to the optimum solution more rapidly and with less number of analyses involved. The proposed GSU-PSO algorithm is tested on several steel frames from the literature. The algorithm is implemented by interfacing MATLAB mathematical software and SAP2000 structural analysis code. The results indicated that this method has a higher convergence speed towards the optimal solution compared to the conventional and some well-known meta-heuristic algorithms. In comparison to the PSO algorithm, the proposed method required around 45% of the total number of analyses recorded and improved marginally the accuracy of solutions.

A. Mahallati Rayeni, H. Ghohani Arab, M. R. Ghasemi,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (10-2018)

This paper presents an improved multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (IMOEA) for the design of planar steel frames. By considering constraints as a new objective function, single objective optimization problems turned to multi objective optimization problems. To increase efficiency of IMOEA different Crossover and Mutation are employed. Also to avoid local optima dynamic interference of mutation and crossover are considered. Feasible particles called elites which are very helpful for better mutation and crossover considered as a tool to increase efficiency of proposed algorithm. The proposed evolutionary algorithm (IMOEA) is utilized to solve three well-known classical weight minimization problems of steel moment frames. In order to verify the suitability of the present method, the results of optimum design for planar steel frames are obtained by present study compared to other researches. Results indicate that, as far as the convergence, speed of the optimization process and quality of optimum design are concerned behavior, IMOEA is significantly superior to other meta-heuristic optimization algorithms with an acceptable global answer.
A. Bolideh, H. Ghohani Arab, M. R. Ghasemi,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (9-2019)

The present study addresses optimal design of reinforced concrete (RC) columns based on equivalent equations considering deformability regulations of ACI318-14 under axial force and uniaxial bending moment. This study contrary to common approaches working with trial and error approach in design, at first presents an exact solution for intensity of longitudinal reinforcement in column section by solving equivalent equation. Then, longitudinal and transverse reinforcement details are assessed regarding the previous step results and where achieving the lowest steel consumption design in the column is selected as the optimum. In addition to optimizing column cross-section dimension by implementing single-variable optimization methods, the effect of axial force, bending moment and concrete compressive strength variations on the column cross-section dimension, intensity of longitudinal reinforcement, construction costs and total weight of consumption steel have been investigated. The investigation on the validity of the proposed method was assessed and signified through comparison with the existed work in the literature. Finding an exact solution considering all regulations and constraints is the advantage of this method in determining optimized RC column.
B. H. Sangtarash, M. R. Ghasemi, H. Ghohani Arab, M. R. Sohrabi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (1-2021)

Over the past decades, several techniques have been employed to improve the applicability of the metaheuristic optimization methods. One of the solutions for improving the capability of metaheuristic methods is the hybrid of algorithms. This study proposes a new optimization algorithm called HPBA which is based on the hybrid of two optimization algorithms; Big Bang-Big Crunch (BB-BC) inspired by the theory of the universe evolution and Artificial Physics Optimization (APO) which is a physical base optimization method. Finally, the performance of the proposed optimization method is compared with the originated methods. Moreover, the performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated for truss optimization as an applied constrained optimization problem.

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