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Showing 7 results for Leakage Current

M. Khodsuz, M. Mirzaie,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (6-2014)

Metal oxide surge arresters (ZNO) are used widely in power system to protect equipments from over voltages. Non uniform potential distribution leads to the depressed service life and low safe reliability, so grading ring is applied on HV surge arrester order to uniform the electric field distribution. One of the problems of arresters is leakage current in power frequency that different parameters such as internal structure of varistors, heat sinks, grading ring can be influence on leakage current. In this paper Maxwell and EMTP/ATP software has been applied to calculate the electric field, voltage distribution and leakage current in a high voltage surge arrester. First Maxwell is used to calculate the electric field and voltage distribution of a 230kV surge arrester with and without grading ring. Then equivalent circuit of surge arrester has been achieved by applying Maxwell software for 230kV surge arrester and extracting stray capacitances. The derived equivalent circuit has been simulated in EMTP/ATP software for evaluation of leakage current. Also in this work, the effect of grading ring dimensions and number of heat sinks on leakage current variation has been investigated. Results show grading ring dimension and heat sinks number impact on arrester leakage current.
K. Mokhtari, M. Mirzaie, M. Shahabi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2015)

This paper aims to measure and analyze of the leakage current of 20 kV polymer and porcelain metal oxide surge arresters under humid ambient conditions by applying different voltages to the arresters terminal. The characteristics of the leakage currents at that stage have been investigated when changes in the ambient humidity were introduced in an artificial fog chamber. It is assumed that magnitude of the noise level during the tests is constant. The frequency and resistive component peak efficient analysis can then be done on the leakage current signal. The idea behind this is to get indicators for investigating of surge arrester behavior in humid conditions. Two important indicators were obtained to evaluate the behavior of the surge arrester in humid conditions
M Khodsuz, M Mirzaie,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (12-2015)

This paper introduces the indicators for surge arrester condition assessment based on the leakage current analysis. Maximum amplitude of fundamental harmonic of the resistive leakage current, maximum amplitude of third harmonic of the resistive leakage current and maximum amplitude of fundamental harmonic of the capacitive leakage current were used as indicators for surge arrester condition monitoring. Also, the effects of operating voltage fluctuation, third harmonic of voltage, overvoltage and surge arrester aging on these indicators were studied. Then, obtained data are applied to the multi-layer support vector machine for recognizing of surge arrester conditions. Obtained results show that introduced indicators have the high ability for evaluation of surge arrester conditions.


F. Hasanzad, H. Rastegar, G. B. Gharehpetian, M. Pichan,
Volume 13, Issue 2 (6-2017)

Photovoltaic systems integrated to the grid have received considerable attention around the world. They can be connected to the electrical grid via galvanic isolation (transformer) or without it (transformerless). Despite making galvanic isolation, low frequency transformer increases size, cost and losses. On the other hand, transformerless PV systems increase the leakage current (common-mode current, (CMC)) through the parasitic capacitors of the PV array. Inverter topology and switching technique are the most important parameters the leakage current depends on. As there is no need to extra hardware for switching scheme modification, it's an economical method for reducing leakage current. This paper evaluates the effect of different space vector modulation techniques on leakage current for a two-level three-phase four-leg inverter used in PV system. It proposes an efficient space vector modulation method which decreases the leakage current to below the quantity specified in VDE-0126-1-1 standard. furthermore, some other characteristics of the space vector modulation schemes that have not been significantly discussed for four-leg inverter, are considered, such as, modulation index, switching actions per period, common-mode voltage (CMV), and total harmonic distortion (THD). An extend software simulation using MATLAB/Simulink is performed to verify the effectiveness of the modulation technique.

M. Khodsuz, S. Seyyedbarzegar,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (3-2019)

The essential role of surge arresters is equipment protection against over-voltages to increase system reliability. Different monitoring techniques have been used to diagnose surge arrester condition. Leakage current analysis methods by the extraction resistive and capacitive components of leakage current are a conventional method for surge arrester monitoring. Insufficient appropriate thresholds are most important restriction of these kinds of methods. In this paper, the impact of pollution, ultraviolet aging and varistors fault on harmonic spectrum of leakage current have been evaluated experimentally. Real tests and examinations have been done on different metal oxide surge arresters to investigate effects of mentioned factors on leakage current harmonics. To show results performance, bees-adaptive network based fuzzy inference system has been applied.

T. Ahmadzadeh, E. Babaei, M. Sabahi, T. Abedinzadeh,
Volume 16, Issue 4 (12-2020)

The main purposes of a transformerless grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system consist of the reduction of leakage current, extraction of maximum power point (MPP), tracking of MPP (MPPT), controlling the active and reactive powers, and having the unity power factor. To achieve the above-mentioned aims, the following actions have been performed in this paper. First of all, a brief analysis of the transformerless PV system has been done by using the conventional full-bridge (FB) topologies with two bipolar and unipolar PWM techniques. Then, an effective solution has been also introduced to significantly reduce the leakage current in the conventional H5 FB topology. Moreover, a proper control method has been proposed by using the combination of the fractional open-circuit voltage (FOCV) and the model predictive control (MPC) strategies to extract the MPP from PV panels, control the injection of the reactive power to the gird and have the unity power factor. At last, the simulation results performed in PSCAD software will be used to prove the correct performance of the proposed control method in the improved H5 FB topology.

N. Danapour, E. Akbari, M. Tarafdar-Hagh,
Volume 18, Issue 3 (9-2022)

In electricity generation through photovoltaic cells, efficient inverters are required to inject the generated power into the grid. Among the inverters connected to the grid, current source inverters despite their advantages are used less than voltage source ones. Different circuits are presented for these converters. In this paper, several power circuit topologies of the current source inverters, which are an interface between solar panels and the grid, are reviewed. Also, the inverters are compared from the point of some indexes like efficiency, voltage transmission ratio, total harmonic distortion, leakage currents, and their reduction methods. The importance of these indexes is investigated too. Categorization is for full-bridge inverters and special structures groups. The first group includes the conventional inverter, 4-leg inverter, CH7 CSI, H7 CSI, three-mode, and other structures. The second group consists of inverters with special structures and is independent of the conventional CSI. The summary of the studies is presented in a table.

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