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Showing 5 results for Braking System

M. M. Tehrani, M. R. Hairi-Yazdi, Ba. Haghpanah-Jahromi, V. Esfahanian, M. Amiri, A. R. Jafari,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (6-2011)

In this paper, an adaptive rule based controller for an anti-lock regenerative braking system (ARBS) of a series hybrid electric bus (SHEB) has been proposed. The proposed controller integrates the regenerative braking and wheel anti-lock functions by controlling the electric motor of the hybrid vehicle, without using any conventional mechanical anti-lock braking system. The performance of the proposed system is evaluated by a comprehensive vehicle dynamics model in MATLAB/Simulink. Using the designed ARBS, the braking and regenerative performances of SHEB have significantly improved in slippery roads while the slip ratios are kept between 0.15 and 0.20.
Prof. Dr. Ataur Rahman, Mr Mohammad Amysar,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (6-2018)

ABSTRACT: Deceleration or stopping the vehicle without any diving and lateral acceleration is essential to develop an effective braking system. The hydraulic braking system with intelligent braking called Antilock Braking system (ABS) and Electronic Stability Control (ESC) has been introduced.  However, due to the insufficient human effort, the ABS and ESC to some extent, not function well.  This has been emphasised to develop a DC motor assist hydraulic braking system by associating the wheel speed and engine fuel flow sensor to stop the vehicle in required braking distance without any diving and lateral movement.  This study investigates theoretically by Solid work simulation model and experimentally by product development. The simulation model has shown that a full load passenger car needs 15.7Mpa of braking pressure to stop 50km/h vehicle in 10m.  The experimental results of the model show that the pressure develops when the pedal fully applied without and with aids of the DC motor is 910 kPa and 1130 kPa respectively, which contribute to 23.3% of pressure increase.
KEYWORDS: DC motor assist hydraulic braking system; Digital Control System; Braking efficiency.

Mohsen Esfahanian, Mohammad Saadat, Parisa Karami,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2018)

Hybrid electric vehicles employ a hydraulic braking system and a regenerative braking system together to provide enhanced braking performance and energy regeneration. In this paper an integrated braking system is proposed for an electric hybrid vehicle that include a hydraulic braking system and a regenerative braking system which is functionally connected to an electric traction motor. In the proposed system, four independent anti-lock fuzzy controllers are developed to adjust the hydraulic braking torque in front and rear wheels. Also, an antiskid controller is applied to adjust the regenerative braking torque dynamically.  A supervisory controller, is responsible for the management of this system.  The proposed integrated braking system is simulated in different driving cycles. Fuzzy rules and membership functions are optimized considering the objective functions as SoC and slip coefficient in various road conditions. The simulation results show that the fuel consumption and the energy loss in the braking is reduced. In the other hand, this energy is regenerated and stored in the batteries, especially in the urban cycles with high start/stop frequency. The slip ratio remains close to the desired value and the slip will not occur in the whole driving cycle. Therefore, the proposed integrated braking system can be considered as a safe, anti-lock and regenerative braking system.
Abbas Harifi, Farzan Rashidi, Fardad Vakilipoor Takaloo ‎,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (3-2020)

The control of Antilock Braking Systems (ABS) is a difficult problem, because of their nonlinearities and uncertainties appearing in their dynamics and parameters. To overcome these issues, this paper proposes a new adaptive controller for the next generation of ABS. After considering a complex vehicle dynamic, a triple adaptive fuzzy control system is presented. Important parameters of the vehicle dynamic include two separated brake torques for front ands rear wheels, as well as longitudinal weight transfer which is caused by the acceleration or deceleration. Because of the nonlinearity of the vehicle dynamic model, three fuzzy-estimators have been suggested to eliminate nonlinear terms of the front and rear wheels’ dynamic. Since the vehicle model parameters change due to variations of road conditions, an adaptive law of the controller is derived based on Lyapunov theory to adapt the fuzzy-estimators and stabilize the entire system. The performance of the proposed controller is evaluated by some simulations on the ABS system. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method for ABS under different road conditions.
Morteza Mollajafari, Javad Marzbanrad, Pooriya Sanaei,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2022)

The braking system has always been considered one of the most significant vehicle subsystems since it plays a key role in safety issues. To design such a complex system, modeling can be a helpful tool for designers to save time and costs. In this paper, the hydraulic braking system of a B-Class vehicle was modeled by simulating the relationship between brake components such as pedals, boosters, main cylinders, and wheel cylinders, with the vehicle dynamics by using the existing models of the tire and their dynamic relationships. The performed modeling was compared with the results of a concerning vehicle's direct movement. The results of this comparison showed that our modeling is very close to the experimental data. The braking distance parameter was selected to examine the effects of each braking component on the vehicle dynamics. The results of investigating the effect of different parameters of the braking system on the dynamic behavior of the vehicle indicated that the main cylinder diameter, the diameter of the front and rear wheels’ brake cylinders, the effective diameter of the front disk, and the diameter of the rear drum are the most effective design parameters in vehicle's braking system and optimal results are obtained by applying changes to these parameters.

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