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Showing 5 results for Hcci

M. H. Askari, S. M. Hoseinalipour, S. A. Jazayeri, M. Baghsheikhi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (6-2011)

The HCCI combustion process is initiated due to auto-ignition of fuel/air mixture which is dominated by chemical kinetics and therefore fuel composition has a significant effect on engine operation and a detailed reaction mechanism is essential to analysis HCCI combustion. A single zone-model permits to have a detailed chemical kinetics modeling for practical fuels. In this study a single-zone thermodynamic model with detail chemical mechanism is developed to investigate the effect of hydrogen addition to natural gas in a homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion and to analyze the performance and emissions of the HCCI engine. The effect of five different percentage of hydrogen added to natural gas ranging from 0 to 40 on HCCI combustion is investigated in this study. The results indicate that by increasing hydrogen portion in intake mixture, start of combustion advances and maximum temperature increase, but increasing in maximum pressure is negligible. Carbon’s included emissions such as Co, Co2 and unburned hydrocarbons decreases by increasing of hydrogen, and also, specific fuel consumption decreases. The result shows that hydrogen improves combustion characteristics of natural gas in an HCCI engine and leads to better performance and less emissions.
M. Bidarvatan, M. Shahbakhti, S.a. Jazayeri,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (5-2011)

Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines hold promise of high fuel efficiency and low emission levels for future green vehicles. But in contrast to gasoline and diesel engines, HCCI engines suffer from lack of having direct means to initiate combustion. A combustion timing controller with robust tracking performance is the key requirement to leverage HCCI application in production vehicles. In this paper, a two-state control-oriented model is developed to predict HCCI combustion timing for a range of engine operation. The experimental validation of the model confirms the accuracy of the model for HCCI control applications. An optimal integral state feedback controller is designed to control the combustion timing by modulating the ratio of two fuels. Optimization methods are used in order to determine the controller’s parameters. The results demonstrate the designed controller can reach optimal combustion timing within about two engine cycles, while showing good robustness to physical disturbances.
T. Ouksel, A. Chelghoum, A. Mameri,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (3-2017)

Mr Mushtaq Ahmad Rather, Mohammad Marouf Wani,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2018)

In this paper, a computational in-cylinder analysis of HCCI diesel engine was carried out using IC Engine FORTE (ANSYS 18.2) software package. The analysis used pre-defined industry standard CHEMKIN format for specifying a chemical reaction mechanism during the combustion duration. The investigation was carried out for the effects of various EGR mass percentages on the thermal and emission characteristics of a diesel engine running on HCCI mode of combustion. It was observed that an increase in EGR concentration resulted in the decrease in peak in-cylinder pressure and temperature and it was also found that when the EGR rates were increased beyond 75% there was no combustion happening within the cylinder. A considerable decrease in the NOx emissions was found with an increase in EGR mass percentage with almost negligible values when the EGR rates were increased beyond 50%, however there was a slight increase in un-burnt hydrocarbons.
Ms Hasyuzariza Muhamad Tobib, Assc. Prof Abdul Aziz Hairuddin, Assc. Prof Nuraini Abdul Aziz, Mr Muntasser Al Anbagi, Dr Muhamad Md Noor, Ms Suriaidawati Ayob,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (6-2021)

HCCI engines have become the attention of research lately due to their advantages in reducing the emissions level, and their fuelling ability with alternative fuels. For this purpose, a single cylinder diesel engine with a port fuel injector and heated intake air were used to operate the HCCI engine at 2700 rpm using four different blends of POB biodiesel. The parameters varied for the study were different λ and intake air temperature. When using diesel fuel on HCCI mode, it is found that the engine power, torque, and BTE are lower and fuel consumption is higher compared to conventional Compression Ignition Direct Injection (CIDI) mode. The in-cylinder pressure pattern for HCCI mode shows that the combustion is advanced, and the in-cylinder pressure peak is higher at rich mixture compared to CIDI mode. The in-cylinder pressure decreases in the case of higher amount of biodiesel. Combustion intensity for biodiesel fuel is lower, which affects the heat release rate, whereas a high intake temperature triggers the combustion easily, enhances the fuel mixture auto-ignition proses. Increasing the amount of biodiesel will increase the NOx emissions insignificantly, however it is still lower than that of CIDI. POB based biodiesel improved the emissions of HCCI engines.

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