Showing 4 results for Inverse Problem

A. Kaveh, A. Zolghadr,

Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)

Abstract

It is well known that damaged structural members may alter the behavior of the structures considerably. Careful observation of these changes has often been viewed as a means to identify and assess the location and severity of damages in structures. Among the responses of a structure, natural frequencies are both relatively easy to obtain and independent from external excitation, and therefore, could be used as a measure of the structure's behavior before and after an extreme event which might have lead to damage in the structure. Inverse problem of detection and assessment of structural damage using the changes in natural frequencies is addressed in this paper. This can be considered as an optimization problem with the location and severity of the damages being its variables. The objective is to set these variables such that the natural frequencies of the finite element model correspond to the experimentally measured frequencies of the actual damaged structure. In practice, although the exact number of damaged elements is unknown, it is usually believed to be small compared to the total number of elements of the structure. In beams and frames particularly, the necessity to divide the structural members into smaller ones in order to detect the location of the cracks more accurately, deepens this difference. This can significantly improve the performance of the optimization algorithms in solving the inverse problem of damage detection. In this paper, the Charged System Search algorithm developed by Kaveh and Talatahari [1] is improved to comprise the above mentioned point. The performance of the improved algorithm is then compared to the standard one in order to emphasize the efficiency of the proposed algorithm in damage detection inverse problems.

G. Ghodrati Amiri, A. Zare Hosseinzadeh, S. A. Seyed Razzaghi,

Volume 5, Issue 4 (7-2015)

Abstract

This paper presents a new model updating approach for structural damage localization and quantification. Based on the Modal Assurance Criterion (MAC), a new damage-sensitive cost function is introduced by employing the main diagonal and anti-diagonal members of the calculated Generalized Flexibility Matrix (GFM) for the monitored structure and its analytical model. Then, the cost function is solved by Democratic Particle Swarm Optimization (DPSO) algorithm to achieve the optimal solution of the problem lead to damage identification. DPSO is a modified version of standard PSO algorithm which is developed for presenting a fast speed evolutionary optimization strategy. The applicability of the method is demonstrated by studying three numerical examples which consists of a ten-story shear frame, a plane steel truss and a plane steel frame. Several challenges such as the efficiency of the DPSO algorithm in comparison with other evolutionary optimization approaches for solving the inverse problem, impacts of random noise in input data on the reliability of the presented method, and effects of the number of available modal data for damage identification, are studied. The obtained results reveal good, robust and stable performance of the presented method for structural damage identification using only the first several modes’ data.

M. H. Ranginkaman, A. Haghighi, H. M. Vali Samani,

Volume 6, Issue 1 (1-2016)

Abstract

Inverse Transient Analysis (ITA) is a powerful approach for leak detection of pipelines. When the pipe transient flow is analyzed in frequency domain the ITA is called Inverse Frequency Response Analysis (IFRA). To implement an IFRA for leak detection, a transient state is initiated in the pipe by fast closure of the downstream end valve. Then, the pressure time history at the valve location is measured. Using the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) the measured signal is transferred into the frequency domain. Besides, using the transfer matrix method, a frequency response analysis model for the pipeline is developed as a function of the leak parameters including the number, location and size of leaks. This model predicts the frequency responses of the pipe in return for any random set of leak parameters. Then, a nonlinear inverse problem is defined to minimize the discrepancies between the observed and predicted responses at the valve location. To find the pipeline leaks the method of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is coupled to the transient analysis model while, the leak parameters are the optimization decision variables. The model is successfully applied against an example pipeline and in both terms of efficiency and reliability the results are satisfactory.

A. Ghadimi Hamzehkolaei, A. Zare Hosseinzadeh , G. Ghodrati Amiri,

Volume 6, Issue 4 (10-2016)

Abstract

Presenting structural damage detection problem as an inverse model-updating approach is one of the well-known methods which can reach to informative features of damages. This paper proposes a model-based method for fault prognosis in engineering structures. A new damage-sensitive cost function is suggested by employing the main concepts of the Modal Assurance Criterion (MAC) on the first several modes’ data. Then, Chaotic Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (CICA), a modified version of the original Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA) which has recently been developed for optimal design of complex trusses, is employed for solving the suggested cost function. Finally, the optimal solution of the problem is reported as damage detection results. The efficiency of the proposed method for damage identification is evaluated by studying three numerical examples of structures. Several single and multiple damage patterns are simulated and different number of modal data are utilized as input data (in noise free and noisy states) for damage detection via suggested method. Moreover, different comparative studies are carried out for evaluating the preference of the suggested method. All the obtained results emphasize the high level of accuracy of the suggested method and introduce it as a viable method for identifying not only damage locations, but also damage severities.