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Showing 3 results for Structural Damage

A. Kaveh, A. Zolghadr,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)

It is well known that damaged structural members may alter the behavior of the structures considerably. Careful observation of these changes has often been viewed as a means to identify and assess the location and severity of damages in structures. Among the responses of a structure, natural frequencies are both relatively easy to obtain and independent from external excitation, and therefore, could be used as a measure of the structure's behavior before and after an extreme event which might have lead to damage in the structure. Inverse problem of detection and assessment of structural damage using the changes in natural frequencies is addressed in this paper. This can be considered as an optimization problem with the location and severity of the damages being its variables. The objective is to set these variables such that the natural frequencies of the finite element model correspond to the experimentally measured frequencies of the actual damaged structure. In practice, although the exact number of damaged elements is unknown, it is usually believed to be small compared to the total number of elements of the structure. In beams and frames particularly, the necessity to divide the structural members into smaller ones in order to detect the location of the cracks more accurately, deepens this difference. This can significantly improve the performance of the optimization algorithms in solving the inverse problem of damage detection. In this paper, the Charged System Search algorithm developed by Kaveh and Talatahari [1] is improved to comprise the above mentioned point. The performance of the improved algorithm is then compared to the standard one in order to emphasize the efficiency of the proposed algorithm in damage detection inverse problems.
A. Ghadimi Hamzehkolaei, A. Vafaeinejad, G. Ghodrati Amiri,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (8-2021)

This paper presents an optimization-based model updating approach for structural damage detection and quantification. A new damage-sensitive objective function is proposed using a condensed form of the modal flexibility matrix. The objective function is solved using Chaotic Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (CICA), as an enhanced version of the original Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA), and the optimal solution is reported as the damage detection results. The application of the CICA in vibration-based damage detection and quantification has been successfully investigated in a feasibility study published by the authors of the present paper and herein, its application is generalized for a case in which a complex (but more sensitive) objective function is utilized to formulate the damage detection problem as an inverse model updating problem. The method is validated by studying different damage patterns simulated on three numerical examples of the engineering structures. Comparative studies are carried out to evaluate the accuracy and repeatability of the proposed method in comparison with other vibration-based damage detection methods. The obtained results introduce the proposed damage detection approach as a robust method with high level of accuracy even in the presence of noisy inputs.
F. Damghani , S. M. Tavakkoli,
Volume 13, Issue 2 (4-2023)

An efficient method is proposed by using time domain responses and topology optimization to identify the location and severity of damages in two-dimensional structures under plane stress assumption. Damage is assumed in the form of material density reduction in the finite element model of the structure. The time domain responses utilized here, are the nodal accelerations measured at certain points of the structure. The responses are obtained by the Newmark method and contaminated with uniformly random noise in order to simulate real conditions. Damage indicators are extracted from the time domain responses by using Singular Value Decomposition (SVD). The problem of damage detection is presented as a topology optimization problem and the Solid Isotropic Material with Penalization (SIMP) method is used for appropriate damage modeling. The objective function is formed based on the difference of singular values of the Hankel matrix for responses of real structure and the analytical model. In order to evaluate the correctness of the proposed method, some numerical examples are examined. The results indicate efficiency of the proposed method in structural damage detection and its parameters such as resampling length in SVD, penalty factor in the SIMP method and number and location of sensors are effective parameters for improving the results.

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