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Showing 3 results for Wavelet Analysis

M. Fadavi Amiri, S. A. Soleimani Eyvari, H. Hasanpoor, M. Shamekhi Amiri,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (1-2018)

For seismic resistant design of critical structures, a dynamic analysis, based on either response spectrum or time history is frequently required. Due to the lack of recorded data and randomness of earthquake ground motion that might be experienced by the structure under probable future earthquakes, it is usually difficult to obtain recorded data which fit the necessary parameters (e.g. soil type, source mechanism, focal depth, etc.) well. In this paper, a new method for generating artificial earthquake accelerograms from the target earthquake spectrum is suggested based on the use of wavelet analysis and artificial neural networks. This procedure applies the learning capabilities of neural network to expand the knowledge of inverse mapping from the response spectrum to the earthquake accelerogram. At the first step, wavelet analysis is utilized to decompose earthquake accelerogram into several levels, which each of them covers a special range of frequencies. Then for every level, a neural network is trained to learn the relationship between the response spectrum and wavelet coefficients. Finally, the generated accelerogram using inverse discrete wavelet transform is obtained. In order to make earthquake signals compact in the proposed method, the multiplication sample of LPC (Linear predictor coefficients) is used. Some examples are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

A. Gholizad, S. Eftekhar Ardabili,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (10-2018)

The existence of recorded accelerograms to perform dynamic inelastic time history analysis is of the utmost importance especially in near-fault regions where directivity pulses impose extreme demands on structures and cause widespread damages. But due to the scarcity of recorded acceleration time histories, it is common to generate proper artificial ground motions. In this paper an alternative approach is proposed to generate near-fault pulse-like ground motions. A smoothening approach is taken to extract directivity pulses from an ensemble of near-fault pulse-like ground motions. First, it is proposed to simulate nonpulse-type ground motion using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) and Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT). Next, the pulse-like ground motion is produced by superimposing directivity pulse on the previously generated nonpulse-type motion. The main objective of this study is to generate near-field spectrum compatible records. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is employed to optimize both the parameters of pulse model and cluster radius in subtractive clustering and Principle Component Analysis (PCA) is used to reduce the dimension of ANFIS input vectors. Artificial records are generated for the first, second and third level of wavelet packet decomposition. Finally, a number of interpretive examples are presented to show how the method works. The results show that the response spectra of generated records are decently compatible with the target near-field spectrum, which is the main objective of the study.
S. H. Mahdavi, K. Azimbeik,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (8-2022)

This paper presents an efficient wavelet-based genetic algorithm strategy for optimal sensorexciter placement (OSPOEP) in large-scaled structures suitable for time-domain structural identification. For this purpose, a wavelet-based scheme is introduced in order to improve the fitness evaluation of GA-based individuals capable of using adaptive wavelets. A search domain reduction (SDR) strategy is proposed to reduce the wide space of initial unknowns corresponding to enormous degrees-of-freedom in large systems. The proposed reduction strategy is carried out at three stages according to the use of different wavelet functions. Furthermore, a multi-species decimal GA coding system is modified for a competent search around the local optima. In this regards, a local operation of mutation is presented in addition with regeneration and reintroduction operators. It is deduced that, the reliable OSPOEP strategy prior to the time-domain identification will be achieved by those procedures dealing with minimizing the distance of simulated responses for the entire system and condensed system considering the excitation effects. The numerical assessment on the appropriateness and capability of the proposed approach demonstrates the substantially high computational performance and fast convergence of the proposed OSPOEP strategy, especially in large-scaled structural systems. It is concluded that, the robustness of the proposed OSPOEP procedure lies on the precise and fast fitness evaluation at larger sampling rates which resulting in the optimum evaluation of the GA-based exploration and exploitation phases towards the global optimum solution.

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