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Showing 6 results for Meta-Heuristic Algorithms

M.h. Rabiei, M.t. Aalami, S. Talatahari,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (10-2018)

This paper utilizes the Colliding Bodies of Optimization (CBO), Enhanced Colliding Bodies of Optimization (ECBO) and Vibrating Particles System (VPS) algorithms to optimize the reservoir system operation. CBO is based on physics equations governing the one-dimensional collisions between bodies, with each agent solution being considered as an object or body with mass and ECBO utilizes memory to save some historically best solutions and uses a random procedure to escape from local optima. VPS is based on simulating free vibration of single degree of freedom systems with viscous damping. To evaluate the performance of these three recent population-based meta-heuristic algorithms, they are applied to one of the most complex and challenging issues related to water resource management, called reservoir operation optimization problems. Hypothetical 4 and 10-reservoir systems are studied to demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the algorithms. The aim is on discovering the optimum mix of releases, which will lead to maximum benefit generation throughout the system. Comparative results show the successful performance of the VPS algorithm in comparison to the CBO and its enhanced version.
D. Sedaghat Shayegan, A Lork, S.a.h. Hashemi,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (6-2019)

In this paper, the optimum design of a reinforced concrete one-way ribbed slab, is presented via recently developed metaheuristic algorithm, namely, the Mouth Brooding Fish (MBF). Meta-heuristics based on evolutionary computation and swarm intelligence are outstanding examples of nature-inspired solution techniques. The MBF algorithm simulates the symbiotic interaction strategies adopted by organisms to survive and propagate in the ecosystem. This algorithm uses the movement, dispersion and protection behavior of Mouth Brooding Fish as a pattern to find the best possible answer. The cost of the system is considered to be the objective function, and the design is based on the American Concrete Institute’s ACI 318-08 standard. The performance of this algorithm is compared with harmony search (HS), colliding bodies optimization (CBO), particle swarm optimization (PSO), democratic particle swarm optimization (DPSO), charged system search (CSS) and enhanced charged system search (ECSS). The numerical results demonstrate that the MBF algorithm is able to construct very promising results and has merits in solving challenging optimization problems.
A. Kaveh, K. Biabani Hamedani,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (1-2020)

The minimum crossing number problem is among the oldest and most fundamental problems arising in the area of automatic graph drawing. In this paper, eight population-based meta-heuristic algorithms are utilized to tackle the minimum crossing number problem for two special types of graphs, namely complete graphs and complete bipartite graphs. A 2-page book drawing representation is employed for embedding graphs in the plane. The algorithms consist of Artificial Bee Colony algorithm, Big Bang-Big Crunch algorithm, Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization algorithm, Cuckoo Search algorithm, Charged System Search algorithm, Tug of War Optimization algorithm, Water Evaporation Optimization algorithm, and Vibrating Particles System algorithm. The performance of the utilized algorithms is investigated through various examples including six complete graphs and eight complete bipartite graphs. Convergence histories of the algorithms are provided to better understanding of their performance. In addition, optimum results at different stages of the optimization process are extracted to enable to compare the meta-heuristics algorithms.
A. Kaveh, K. Biabani Hamedani, F. Barzinpour,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (4-2020)

Meta-heuristic algorithms are applied in optimization problems in a variety of fields, including engineering, economics, and computer science. In this paper, seven population-based meta-heuristic algorithms are employed for size and geometry optimization of truss structures. These algorithms consist of the Artificial Bee Colony algorithm, Cyclical Parthenogenesis Algorithm, Cuckoo Search algorithm, Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization algorithm, Vibrating Particles System algorithm, Water Evaporation Optimization, and a hybridized ABC-TLBO algorithm. The Taguchi method is employed to tune the parameters of the meta-heuristics. Optimization aims to minimize the weight of truss structures while satisfying some constraints on their natural frequencies. The capability and robustness of the algorithms is investigated through four well-known benchmark truss structure examples.
E. Pouriyanezhad, H. Rahami, S. M. Mirhosseini,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (4-2020)

In this paper, the discrete method of eigenvectors of covariance matrix has been used to weight minimization of steel frame structures. Eigenvectors of Covariance Matrix (ECM) algorithm is a robust and iterative method for solving optimization problems and is inspired by the CMA-ES method. Both of these methods use covariance matrix in the optimization process, but the covariance matrix calculation and new population generation in these two methods are completely different. At each stage of the ECM algorithm, successful distributions are identified and the covariance matrix of the successful distributions is formed. Subsequently, by the help of the principal component analysis (PCA), the scattering directions of these distributions will be achieved. The new population is generated by the combination of weighted directions that have a successful distribution and using random normal distribution. In the discrete ECM method, in case of succeeding in a certain number of cycles the step size is increased, otherwise the step size is reduced. In order to determine the efficiency of this method, three benchmark steel frames were optimized due to the resistance and displacement criteria specifications of the AISC-LRFD, and the results were compared to other optimization methods. Considerable outputs of this algorithm show that this method can handle the complex problems of optimizing discrete steel frames.
F. Rahimi,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (10-2020)

By incorporating structural engineering, animal husbandry, and veterinary, this interdisciplinary research accomplishes the following two main objectives: 1) design and optimization to reduce the weight of the steel structure skeleton of the stable with ECBO & CBO algorithms; 2) improving the performance of the natural ventilation system in the stable with some changes in the structurechr('39')s geometric design.
In this study, each algorithmchr('39')s performance will be investigated in the course of accomplishing the aforementioned objective. Furthermore, using stress ratios by algorithms in each member will be studied. Finally, using the algorithms, a stable steel structure with lower weight is designed.
In this paper, through changing and improving the structurechr('39')s geometric design, a structure more compatible with the natural ventilation systemchr('39')s requirements is designed. These changes are as follows: 1) design of a taller stable structure; 2) larger design of the air inlets in the joint line between the upper part of the side walls and the lower part of the pitched roof.

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