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Showing 3 results for Cost Optimization

E. Ghandi, N. Shokrollahi, M. Nasrolahi,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (10-2017)

This paper presents a Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm (COA) model for the cost optimization of the one-way and two-way reinforced concrete (RC) slabs according to ACI code. The objective function is the total cost of the slabs including the cost of the concrete and that of the reinforcing steel. In this paper, One-way and two-way slabs with various end conditions are formulated as ACI code. The two-way slabs are modelled and analyzed using direct design method. The problems are formulated as mixed-discrete variables such as: thickness of slab, steel bar diameter, and bar spacing. The presented model can be applied in design offices to reduce the cost of the projects. It is also the first application of the Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm to the optimization of RC slabs. In order to demonstrate the superiority of the presented method in convergence and leading to better solutions, the results of the proposed model are compared with the other optimization algorithms.

H. Hatefi, A. Karamodin, S. Baygi,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (1-2018)

The purpose of this research to present for the first time a practical plan to cost optimize the composite metal floor deck, so that the designer, by having the dimensions of the main beam framing, will be able to come to the most design including: the section of composite steel beam, the beam span, the thickness of metal deck sheets and the thickness of the concrete slab. The main method of optimization by using metaheuristic algorithm is harmony search which its objective function is equal with these costs: steel beam, metal deck and concrete slab in one square meter of the floor. The standards of this design is according to SDI code and the Iranian National Building Code, Part 10: Design and Construction of steel buildings -allowable stress method. In this design all the metal beam profiles are the common and practical sections in building industry. Also the chosen metal deck, by the brand name Sundeck 75, is the most economical metal deck produced in the country Iran which is invented by the writer 1 and has been confirmed by Road, housing and Development Research center. In the end to ensure all the results of the harmony search optimization, several questions has been optimized, so the comparison of its results with the harmony algorithm results indicates that the high convergence in this algorithm.

D. Sedaghat Shayegan, A Lork, S.a.h. Hashemi,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (6-2019)

In this paper, the optimum design of a reinforced concrete one-way ribbed slab, is presented via recently developed metaheuristic algorithm, namely, the Mouth Brooding Fish (MBF). Meta-heuristics based on evolutionary computation and swarm intelligence are outstanding examples of nature-inspired solution techniques. The MBF algorithm simulates the symbiotic interaction strategies adopted by organisms to survive and propagate in the ecosystem. This algorithm uses the movement, dispersion and protection behavior of Mouth Brooding Fish as a pattern to find the best possible answer. The cost of the system is considered to be the objective function, and the design is based on the American Concrete Institute’s ACI 318-08 standard. The performance of this algorithm is compared with harmony search (HS), colliding bodies optimization (CBO), particle swarm optimization (PSO), democratic particle swarm optimization (DPSO), charged system search (CSS) and enhanced charged system search (ECSS). The numerical results demonstrate that the MBF algorithm is able to construct very promising results and has merits in solving challenging optimization problems.

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