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Showing 3 results for Fathali

P. Hosseini, H. R. Hoseini Vaez, M. A. Fathali, H. Mehanpour,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2020)

Due to the random nature of the variables affecting the analysis and design of structures, the reliability method is considered as one of the most important and widely used topics in structural engineering. Despite the simplicity of moment methods, the answer to problems with multiple design points (the point with the highest probability of failure) such as transmission line towers depends a lot on the starting point of the search; and it may converge to the local optima answer which is not desirable. Simulation methods also require a large number of evaluations of the limit state function and increase the volume and time of calculations. Also, the design point is not calculated in most of these methods. In this study, the reliability index of four transmission line towers was calculated with four metaheuristic algorithms in which the limit state function was defined based on the displacement of nodes and the results were compared with the results of Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) method. For this purpose, the objective function was defined as the geometric distance between the point on the function of the boundary condition to the origin in the standard normal coordinate system and the constraint of the problem (the limit state function) based on the displacement of the nodes. Random variables in these problems consisting of the cross-sectional area of the members, the modulus of elasticity, and the nodal loads.
S. R. Hoseini Vaez, P. Hosseini, M. A. Fathali, A. Asaad Samani, A. Kaveh,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (10-2020)

Nowadays, the optimal design of structures based on reliability has been converted to an active topic in structural engineering. The Reliability-Based Design Optimization (RBDO) methods provide the structural design with lower cost and more safety, simultaneously. In this study, the optimal design based on reliability of dome truss structures with probability constraint of the frequency limitation is discussed. To solve the RBDO problem, nested double-loop method is considered; one of the loops performs the optimization process and the other one assesses the reliability of the structure. The optimization process is implemented using ECBO and EVPS algorithms and the reliability index is calculated using the Monte Carlo simulation method. Finally, the size and shape reliability-based optimization of 52-bar and 120-bar dome trusses has been investigated.
M. H. Talebpour, Y. Goudarzi, A. R. Fathalian,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (8-2022)

In this study, the finite element model updating was simulated by reducing the stiffness of the members. Due to lack of access to the experimental results, the data obtained from an analytical model were used in the proposed structural damage scenarios. The updating parameters for the studied structures were defined as a reduction coefficient applied to the stiffness of the members. Parameter variations were calculated by solving an unconstrained nonlinear optimization problem. The objective function in the optimization problem was proposed based on the Multi-Degree-of-Freedom (MDOF) equations of motion as well as the dynamic characteristics of the studied structure. Only the first natural frequency of the damaged structure was used in the proposed updating process, and only one vibration mode was used in the updating problem and damage identification procedure. In addition, as elimination of high-order terms in the proposed formula introduced errors in the final response, the variations of natural frequency and vibration mode for higher-order terms were included in the free vibration equation of the proposed objective function. The Colliding Bodies Optimization (CBO) algorithm was used to solve the optimization problem. The performance of the proposed method was evaluated using the numerical examples, where different conditions were applied to the studied structures. The results of the present study showed that, the proposed method and formulation were capable of efficiently updating the dynamic parameters of the structure as well as identifying the location and severity of the damage using only the first natural frequency of the structure.

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