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S. H. Mahdavi, K. Azimbeik,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (8-2022)

This paper presents an efficient wavelet-based genetic algorithm strategy for optimal sensorexciter placement (OSPOEP) in large-scaled structures suitable for time-domain structural identification. For this purpose, a wavelet-based scheme is introduced in order to improve the fitness evaluation of GA-based individuals capable of using adaptive wavelets. A search domain reduction (SDR) strategy is proposed to reduce the wide space of initial unknowns corresponding to enormous degrees-of-freedom in large systems. The proposed reduction strategy is carried out at three stages according to the use of different wavelet functions. Furthermore, a multi-species decimal GA coding system is modified for a competent search around the local optima. In this regards, a local operation of mutation is presented in addition with regeneration and reintroduction operators. It is deduced that, the reliable OSPOEP strategy prior to the time-domain identification will be achieved by those procedures dealing with minimizing the distance of simulated responses for the entire system and condensed system considering the excitation effects. The numerical assessment on the appropriateness and capability of the proposed approach demonstrates the substantially high computational performance and fast convergence of the proposed OSPOEP strategy, especially in large-scaled structural systems. It is concluded that, the robustness of the proposed OSPOEP procedure lies on the precise and fast fitness evaluation at larger sampling rates which resulting in the optimum evaluation of the GA-based exploration and exploitation phases towards the global optimum solution.

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