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Showing 21 results for Gholizad

Saeed Gholizadeh, Seyed Mohammad Seyedpoor,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (3-2011)

An efficient methodology is proposed to find optimal shape of arch dams on the basis of constrained natural frequencies. The optimization is carried out by virtual sub population (VSP) evolutionary algorithm employing real values of design variables. In order to reduce the computational cost of the optimization process, the arch dam natural frequencies are predicted by properly trained back propagation (BP) and wavelet back propagation (WBP) neural networks. The WBP network provides better generalization compared with the standard BP network. The numerical results demonstrate the computational merits of the proposed methodology for optimum design of arch dams.
S. Gholizadeh, A. Barzegar , Ch. Gheyratmand,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (9-2011)

The main aim of the present study is to propose a modified harmony search (MHS) algorithm for size and shape optimization of structures. The standard harmony search (HS) algorithm is conceptualized using the musical process of searching for a perfect state of the harmony. It uses a stochastic random search instead of a gradient search. The proposed MHS algorithm is designed based on elitism. In fact the MHS is a multi-staged version of the HS and in each stage a new harmony memory is created using the information of the previous stages. Numerical results reveal that the proposed algorithm is a powerful optimization technique with improved exploitation characteristics compared with the standard HS.
S. Gholizadeh, M.r. Sheidaii , S. Farajzadeh,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (3-2012)

The main contribution of the present paper is to train efficient neural networks for seismic design of double layer grids subject to multiple-earthquake loading. As the seismic analysis and design of such large scale structures require high computational efforts, employing neural network techniques substantially decreases the computational burden. Square-on-square double layer grids with the variable length of span and height are considered. Back-propagation (BP), radial basis function (RBF) and generalized regression (GR) neural networks are trained for efficiently prediction of the seismic design of the structures. The numerical results demonstrate the superiority of the GR over the BP and RBF neural networks.
S. Gholizadeh, H. Barati,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)

In the present study, the computational performance of the particle swarm optimization (PSO) harmony search (HS) and firefly algorithm (FA), as popular metaheuristics, is investigated for size and shape optimization of truss structures. The PSO was inspired by the social behavior of organisms such as bird flocking. The HS imitates the musical performance process which takes place when a musician searches for a better state of harmony, while the FA was based on the idealized behavior of the flashing characteristics of natural fireflies. These algorithms were inspired from different natural sources and their convergence behavior is focused in this paper. Several benchmark size and shape optimization problems of truss structures are solved using PSO, HS and FA and the results are compared. The numerical results demonstrate the superiority of FA to HS and PSO.
S. Gholizadeh, P. Torkzadeh, S. Jabarzadeh,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2013)

In this paper, a methodology is presented for optimum shape design of double-layer grids subject to gravity and earthquake loadings. The design variables are the number of divisions in two directions, the height between two layers and the cross-sectional areas of the structural elements. The objective function is the weight of the structure and the design constraints are some limitations on stress and slenderness of the elements besides the vertical displacements of the joints. To achieve the optimization task a variant of particle swarm optimization (PSO) entitled as quantum-behaved particle swarm optimization (QPSO) algorithm is employed. The computational burden of the optimization process due to performing time history analysis is very high. In order to decrease the optimization time, the radial basis function (RBF) neural networks are employed to predict the desired responses of the structures during the optimization process. The numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented methodology
S. Gholizadeh, R. Kamyab , H. Dadashi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)

This study deals with performance-based design optimization (PBDO) of steel moment frames employing four different metaheuristics consisting of genetic algorithm (GA), ant colony optimization (ACO), harmony search (HS), and particle swarm optimization (PSO). In order to evaluate the seismic capacity of the structures, nonlinear pushover analysis is conducted (PBDO). This method is an iterative process needed to meet code requirements. In the PBDO procedure, the metaheuristics minimize the structural weight subjected to performance constraints on inter-story drift ratios at various performance levels. Two numerical examples are presented demonstrating the superiority of the PSO to the GA, ACO and HS metaheuristic algorithms.
S. Gholizadeh , V. AliGholizadeh,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2013)

The main aim of the present study is to achieve optimum design of reinforced concrete (RC) plane moment frames using bat algorithm (BA) which is a newly developed meta-heuristic optimization algorithm based on the echolocation behaviour of bats. The objective function is the total cost of the frame and the design constraints are checked during the optimization process based on ACI 318-08 code. Design variables are the cross-sectional assignments of the structural members and are selected from a data set containing a finite number of sectional properties of beams and columns in a practical range. Three design examples including four, eight and twelve story RC frames are presented and the results are compared with those of other algorithms. The numerical results demonstrate the superiority of the BA to the other meta-heuristic algorithms in terms of the frame optimal cost and the convergence rate.
S. Gholizadeh, V. AliGholizadeh , M. Mohammadi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2014)

In the present study, the reliability assessment of performance-based optimally seismic designed reinforced concrete (RC) and steel moment frames is investigated. In order to achieve this task, an efficient methodology is proposed by integrating Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) and neural networks (NN). Two NN models including radial basis function (RBF) and back propagation (BP) models are examined in this study. In the proposed methodology, MCS is used to estimate the total exceedence probability associated with immediate occupancy (IO), life safety (LS) and collapse prevention (CP) performance levels. To reduce the computational burden of MCS process, the required nonlinear responses of the generated structures are predicted by RBF and BP models. The numerical results imply the superiority of BP to RBF in prediction of structural responses associated with performance levels. Finally, the obtained results demonstrate the high efficiency of the proposed methodology for reliability assessment of RC and steel frame structures.
A. Gholizad , S. D. Ojaghzadeh Mohammadi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2014)

Structural vibration control is one of the most important features in structural engineering. Real-time information about seismic resultant forces is required for deciding module of intelligent control systems. Evaluation of lateral forces during an earthquake is a complicated problem considering uncertainties of gravity loads amount and distribution and earthquake characteristics. An artificial neural network (ANN) has been trained in this article to estimate these forces. This ANN was trained on the results of time history analysis of a three-story building under 702 different loadings. Results of numerical examples verify that the trained ANN can predict the expected forces with negligible deviations.
S. Gholizadeh , H. Asadi , A. Baghchevan,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2014)

The main aim of the present paper is to propose efficient multi-objective optimization algorithms (MOOAs) to tackle truss structure optimization problems. The proposed meta-heuristic algorithms are based on the firefly algorithm (FA) and bat algorithm (BA), which have been recently developed for single-objective optimization. In order to produce a well distributed Pareto front, some improvements are implemented on the basic algorithms. The proposed MOOAs are examined for three truss optimization problems, and the results are compared to those of some other well-known methods. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed MOOAs possess better computational performance compared to the other algorithms.
Ch Gheyratmand, S. Gholizadeh , B. Vababzadeh,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (3-2015)

A new meta-heuristic algorithm is proposed for optimal design of reinforced concrete (RC) frame structures subject to combinations of gravity and lateral static loads based on ACI 318-08 design code. In the present work, artificial bee colony algorithm (ABCA) is focused and an improved ABCA (IABCA) is proposed to achieve the optimization task. The total cost of the RC frames is minimized during the optimization process subject to constraints on demand capacity ratios (DCRs) of structural members. Three benchmark design examples are tested using ABCA and IABCA and the results are compared with those of presented in the literature. The numerical results indicate that the proposed IABCA is an efficient computational tool for discrete optimization of RC frames.
S. Gholizadeh,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (7-2015)

The present paper tackles the optimization problem of double layer grids considering nonlinear behaviour. In this paper, an efficient optimization algorithm is proposed to achieve the optimization task based on the newly developed grey wolf algorithm (GWA) termed as sequential GWA (SGWA). In the framework of SGWA, a sequence of optimization processes is implemented in which the initial population of each process is selected from the neighboring region of the best design found in the previous optimization process. This procedure is repeated until a termination criterion is met. Two illustrative examples are presented and optimization is performed by GWA and SGWA and two other meta-heuristics. The numerical results indicate that the proposed SGWA utperforms the other algorithms in finding optimal design of nonlinear double layer grids.
R. Kamyab Moghadas, S. Gholizadeh,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (1-2017)

In this study an efficient meta-heuristic is proposed for layout optimization of truss structures by combining cellular automata (CA) and firefly algorithm (FA). In the proposed meta-heuristic, called here as cellular automata firefly algorithm (CAFA), a new equation is presented for position updating of fireflies based on the concept of CA. Two benchmark examples of truss structures are presented to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm. Numerical results reveal that the proposed algorithm is a powerful optimization technique with improved convergence rate in comparison with other existing algorithms.

S. Gholizadeh, M. Ebadijalal,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (3-2017)

The objective of the present paper is to propose a sequential enhanced colliding bodies optimization (SECBO) algorithm for implementation of seismic optimization of steel braced frames in the framework of performance-based design (PBD). In order to achieve this purpose, the ECBO is sequentially employed in a multi-stage scheme where in each stage an initial population is generated based on the information derived from the results of previous stages. The required structural seismic responses, at performance levels, are evaluated by performing nonlinear pushover analysis. Two numerical examples are presented to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed SECBO for tackling the seismic performance-based optimization problem. The numerical results demonstrate the computational advantages of the SECBO algorithm.

H. Safari , A. Gholizad,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (8-2018)

Damage assessment is one of the crucial topics in the operation of structures. Multiplicities of structural elements and joints are the main challenges about damage assessment of space structure. Vibration-based damage evaluation seems to be effective and useful for application in industrial conditions and the low-cost. A method is presented to detect and assess structural damages from changes in mode shapes. First, the mechanism of using two-dimensional continuous wavelet transform is applied for damage localization. Second, finite element model updating technique is utilized as an inverse optimization problem by applying the charged system search algorithm to assess the damage in each element sited in the first stage. The study indicates the potentiality of the developed code to assess the damages of space structures without concerning about the size and shape of structure. A series of numerical examples with different damage scenarios have been carried out in the double layer space structures and the results confirm the reliability and applicability of introduced method.
A. Gholizad, S. Eftekhar Ardabili,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (10-2018)

The existence of recorded accelerograms to perform dynamic inelastic time history analysis is of the utmost importance especially in near-fault regions where directivity pulses impose extreme demands on structures and cause widespread damages. But due to the scarcity of recorded acceleration time histories, it is common to generate proper artificial ground motions. In this paper an alternative approach is proposed to generate near-fault pulse-like ground motions. A smoothening approach is taken to extract directivity pulses from an ensemble of near-fault pulse-like ground motions. First, it is proposed to simulate nonpulse-type ground motion using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) and Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT). Next, the pulse-like ground motion is produced by superimposing directivity pulse on the previously generated nonpulse-type motion. The main objective of this study is to generate near-field spectrum compatible records. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is employed to optimize both the parameters of pulse model and cluster radius in subtractive clustering and Principle Component Analysis (PCA) is used to reduce the dimension of ANFIS input vectors. Artificial records are generated for the first, second and third level of wavelet packet decomposition. Finally, a number of interpretive examples are presented to show how the method works. The results show that the response spectra of generated records are decently compatible with the target near-field spectrum, which is the main objective of the study.
S. Gholizadeh, R. Sojoudizadeh,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (4-2019)

This paper proposes a modified sine cosine algorithm (MSCA) for discrete sizing optimization of truss structures. The original sine cosine algorithm (SCA) is a population-based metaheuristic that fluctuates the search agents about the best solution based on sine and cosine functions. The efficiency of the original SCA in solving standard optimization problems of well-known mathematical functions has been demonstrated in literature. However, its performance in tackling the discrete optimization problems of truss structures is not competitive compared with the existing metaheuristic algorithms. In the framework of the proposed MSCA, a number of worst solutions of the current population is replaced by some variants of the global best solution found so far. Moreover, an efficient mutation operator is added to the algorithm that reduces the probability of getting stuck in local optima. The efficiency of the proposed MSCA is illustrated through multiple benchmark optimization problems of truss structures.
M. Danesh, S. Gholizadeh, C. Gheyratmand,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (6-2019)

The main aim of the present study is to optimize steel moment frames in the framework of performance-based design and to assess the seismic collapse capacity of the optimal structures. In the first phase of this study, four well-known metaheuristic algorithms are employed to achieve the optimization task. In the second phase, the seismic collapse safety of the obtained optimal designs is evaluated by conducting incremental dynamic analysis and generating fragility curves. Three illustrative examples including 3-, 6-, and 12-story steel moment frames are presented. The numerical results demonstrate that all the performance-based optimal designs obtained by the metahuristic algorithms are of acceptable collapse margin ratio.
A. Nabati, S. Gholizadeh,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (10-2020)

The present work is aimed at assessing the impact of strong column-weak beam (SCWB) criterion on seismic performance of optimally designed steel moment frames. To this end, different SCWB ratios are considered for steel special moment resisting frame (SMRF) structures and performance-based design optimization process is implemented with the aid of an efficient metaheuristic. The seismic collapse performance of the optimally designed SMRFs is assessed by performing incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) and determining their adjusted collapse margin ratios. Three design examples of 5-, 10-, and 15-story SMRFs are presented to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed methodology.
D. Pakseresht , S. Gholizadeh,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (1-2021)

Economy and safety are two important components in structural design process and stablishing a balance between them indeed results in improved structural performance specially in large-scale structures including space lattice domes. Topology optimization of geometrically nonlinear single-layer lamella, network, and geodesic lattice domes is implemented using enhanced colliding-bodies optimization algorithm for three different spans and two different dead loading conditions. Collapse reliability index of these optimal designs is evaluated to assess the safety of the structures against overall collapse using Monte-Carlo simulation method. The numerical results of this study indicate that the reliability index of most of the optimally designed nonlinear lattice domes is low and this means that the safety of these structures against overall collapse is questionable.

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