International Journal of Optimization in Civil Engineering
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir
Iran University of Science & Technology - Journal articles for year 2023, Volume 13, Number 2Yektaweb Collection - https://yektaweb.comen2023/4/12A METAHEURISTIC-BASED ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR PLASTIC LIMIT ANALYSIS OF FRAMES
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=546&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times=""><span lang="EN-AU" style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="layout-grid-mode:both">Despite the advantages of the plastic limit analysis of structures, this robust method suffers from some drawbacks such as intense computational cost. Through two recent decades, metaheuristic algorithms have improved the performance of plastic limit analysis, especially in structural problems. Additionally, graph theoretical algorithms have decreased the computational time of the process impressively. However, the iterative procedure and its relative computational memory and time have remained a challenge, up to now. In this paper, a metaheuristic-based artificial neural network (ANN), which is categorized as a supervised machine learning technique, has been employed to determine the collapse load factors of two-dimensional frames in an absolutely fast manner. The numerical examples indicate that the proposed method's performance and accuracy are satisfactory.</span></span></span></span><br>
A. KavehAN ADAPTIVE-BAND STRATEGY TO ACCELERATE DISCRETE OPTIMIZATION OF SPACE TRUSS STRUCTURES
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=547&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times="">In most practical cases, structural design variables are linked to a discrete list of sections for optimal design. Cardinality of such a discrete search space is governed by the number of alternatives for each member group. The present work offers an adaptive strategy to detect more efficient alternatives and set aside redundant ones during optimization. In this regard, the difference between the lower and the upper bounds on such variables is gradually reduced by a procedure that adapts history of the selected alternatives in previous iterations. The propsed strategy is implemented on a hybrid paritcle swarm optimizer and imperialist competitive algorithm. The former is a basic swarm intelligent method while the later utilizes subpopulations in its search. Spatial and large-scale structures in various shapes are treated showing successive performance improvement. Variation of a diversity index and resulting band size are traced and discussed to declare behavior merits of the proposed adaptive band strategy. </span></span><br>
M. ShahrouziPERFORMANCE-BASED OPTIMIZATION OF STEEL MOMENT FRAMES BY A MODIFIED NEWTON METAHEURISTIC ALGORITHM
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=548&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="text-autospace:none"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times="">The purpose of the current study is to design steel moment resisting frames for optimal weight in the context of performance-based design. The performance-based design optimization of steel moment frames is a highly nonlinear and complex optimization problem having many local optima. Therefore, an efficient algorithm should be used to deal with this class of structural optimization problems. In the present study, a modified Newton metaheuristic algorithm (MNMA) is proposed for the solution of the optimization problem. In fact, MNMA is the improved version of the original Newton metaheuristic algorithm (NMA), which is a multi-stage optimization technique in which an initial population is generated at each stage based on the results of the previous stages. Two illustrative examples of 5-, and 10-story steel moment frames are presented and a number of independent optimization runs are achieved by NMA and MNMA. The numerical results demonstrate the better performance of the proposed MNMA compared to the NMA in solving the performance-based optimization problem of steel moment frames.</span></span></span></span><br>
S. GholizadehOPTIMAL PLACEMENT OF MAGNETO-RHEOLOGICAL DAMPERS USING NSGA-II-BASED FUZZY CONTROL
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=549&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times="">In this study, the response of semi-actively controlled structures is investigated, with a focus on the effects of magneto-rheological (MR) damper distribution on the seismic response of structures such as drift and acceleration. The proposed model is closed loop, and the structure's response is used to determine the optimal MR damper voltage. A Fuzzy logic controller (FLC) is employed to calculate the optimum voltage of MR dampers. Drifts and velocities of the structure’s stories are used as FLC inputs. The FLC parameters and the distribution of MR dampers across stories are determined using the NSGA-II, when the structure is subjected to the El-Centro earthquake, so as to minimize the peak inter-story drift ratio and peak acceleration simultaneously. The efficiency of the proposed approach is illustrated through a twenty-story nonlinear benchmark structure. Non-dominated solutions are obtained to minimize the inter-story drift and acceleration of structures and Pareto front produced. Then, the non-dominated solutions are used to control the seismic response of the benchmark structure, which was subjected to the Northridge, Kobe, and Hachinohe earthquake records. In the numerical example the maximum drift and acceleration decrease by about 36.3% and 15%, respectively, in the El-Centro earthquake. The results also demonstrate that the proposed controller is more efficient in reducing drift than reducing acceleration.</span></span><br>
B. Ahmadi-NedushanSA-EVPS ALGORITHM FOR DISCRETE SIZE OPTIMIZATION OF THE 582-BAR SPATIAL TRUSS STRUCTURE
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=550&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times="">Metaheuristic algorithms have become increasingly popular in recent years as a method for determining the optimal design of structures. Nowadays, approximate optimization methods are widely used. This study utilized the Self Adaptive Enhanced Vibrating Particle System (SA-EVPS) algorithm as an approximate optimization method, since the EVPS algorithm requires experimental parameters. As a well-known and large-scale structure, the 582-bar spatial truss structure was analyzed using the finite element method, and optimization processes were implemented using MATLAB. In order to obtain weight optimization, the self-adaptive enhanced vibration particle system (SA-EVPS) is compared with the EVPS algorithm.</span></span><br>
P. HosseiniVIBRATING PARTICLES SYSTEM-STATISTICAL REGENERATION MECHANISM ALGORITHM (VPS-SRM) FOR SIZING OPTIMIZATION OF STRUCTURES WITH DISCRETE VARIABLES
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=551&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="text-autospace:none"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times="">Vibrating particles system (VPS) is a swarm intelligence-based optimizer inspired by free vibration with a single degree of freedom systems. VPS is one of the well-known algorithms in structural optimization problems. However, its performance can be improved to find a better solution. This study introduces an improved version of the VPS using the statistical regeneration mechanism for the optimal design of the structures with discrete variables. The improved version is named VPS-SRM, and its efficiency is tested in the three real-size optimization problems. The optimization results reveal the capability and robustness of the VPS-SRM for the optimal design of the structures with discrete sizing variables.</span></span></span></span><br>
A. KavehVibration Control of Structures by Optimization of Peripheral Mass Dampers
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=552&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span style="font-size:11.5pt"><span style="text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="text-autospace:none"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times="">In recent years, there has been a lot of interest in the development and deployment of control methods that use different components of the building to mitigate the seismic response of the structure. Meanwhile, the building facade, as a non-structural component, can be a suitable alternative in affecting the structure's behavior because of its role as an envelope of the building with a significant weight. Among the modular cladding systems, the Double Skin Facade (DSF) can be considered a passive system due to the distance of the exterior layer from the main structure and sufficient continuity and rigidity. In this study, DSF systems are used as Peripheral Mass Dampers (PMDs) that control structural movements by dissipating energy during strong motions. The PMD system provides a building with several inherent dampers without the need for extra mass. To show the reliability and efficiency of the proposed approach, the PMD model is investigated and compared with results available in uncontrolled and Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) models. The PMD model is examined in three structural frames with 10, 20, and 30 stories with the extreme Mass Ratios (MRs) of 5% to 20%. The Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is performed on damper parameters of PMD and TMD systems to minimize structural responses. The results demonstrate that an optimal PMD system with multiple inherent mass dampers outperforms a single TMD system.</span></span></span></span><br>
S. ShojaeeSTRUCTURAL DAMAGE DETECTION IN PLANE STRESS PROBLEMS BY USING TIME DOMAIN RESPONSES AND TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=553&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<span lang="IT" style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times=""><span style="layout-grid-mode:line">An efficient method is proposed by using time domain responses and topology optimization to identify the location and severity of damages in two-dimensional structures under plane stress assumption. Damage is assumed in the form of material density reduction in the finite element model of the structure. The time domain responses utilized here, are the nodal accelerations measured at certain points of the structure. The responses are obtained by the Newmark method and contaminated with uniformly random noise in order to simulate real conditions. Damage indicators </span></span></span><span lang="IT" style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times=""><span style="layout-grid-mode:line">are extracted from the time domain responses by using Singular Value Decomposition (SVD). </span></span></span><span lang="IT" style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times=""><span style="layout-grid-mode:line">The problem of damage detection is presented as a topology optimization problem and the Solid Isotropic Material with Penalization (SIMP) method is used for appropriate damage modeling. The objective function is formed based on the difference of singular values of the Hankel matrix for responses of real structure and the analytical model. In order to evaluate the correctness of the proposed method, some numerical examples are examined.</span></span></span> <span lang="IT" style="font-size:11.5pt"><span new="" roman="" style="font-family:" times=""><span style="layout-grid-mode:line">The results indicate efficiency of the proposed method in structural damage detection and its parameters such as resampling length in SVD, penalty factor in the SIMP method and number and location of sensors are effective parameters for improving the results.</span></span></span>S. M. Tavakkoli