International Journal of Optimization in Civil Engineering
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir
Iran University of Science & Technology - Journal articles for year 2020, Volume 10, Number 3Yektaweb Collection - https://yektaweb.comen2020/6/12SWITCHING TEAMS ALGORITHM FOR SIZING OPTIMIZATION OF TRUSS STRUCTURES
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=442&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Meta-heuristics have received increasing attention in recent years. The present article introduces a novel method in such a class that distinguishes a number of artificial search agents called players within two teams. At each iteration, the active player concerns some other players in both teams to construct its special movements and to get more score. At the end of some iterations (like quarters of a sports game) the teams switch their places for fair play. The algorithm is developed to solve a general purpose optimization problem; however, in this article its application is illustrated on structural sizing design. <em>Switching Teams Algorithm </em>is presented as a parameter-less population-based algorithm utilizing just two control parameters. The proposed method can recover diversity in a novel manner compared to other meta-heuristics in order to capture global optima.M. ShahrouziMULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMAL DESIGN OF SATMD INCLUDING SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION USING NSGA-II
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=443&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In this paper, a procedure has been introduced to the multi-objective optimal design of semi-active tuned mass dampers (SATMDs) with variable stiffness for nonlinear structures considering soil-structure interaction under multiple earthquakes. Three bi-objective optimization problems have been defined by considering the mean of maximum inter-story drift as safety criterion of structural components, absolute acceleration as the criterion of occupants’ convenience, and safety of non-structural acceleration sensitive components, as well as SATMD relative displacement as the cost criterion of the control device. The parameters of the weighting matrices of the instantaneous optimal control algorithm and the maximum and minimum level of variable stiffness of the semi-active device have been considered as design variables. An improved version of the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II), has been employed to solve the optimization problems and figure out the set of Pareto optimal solutions. SATMDs with different mass ratios have been designed for an eight-story shear type building with bilinear elasto-plastic stiffness model where the soil-structure interaction has been incorporated by Cone model with three degrees of freedom for the soil. Results show the capability and simplicity of the proposed procedure to design SATMDs considering multiple performance criteria. It is observed that this procedure can offer a wide range of optimal solutions throughout the Pareto front which can be chosen by the designer based on desired performance and application of the structure.M. MohebbiOPTIMUM LAYOUT OF NONLINEAR FLUID VISCOUS DAMPER FOR IMPROVEMENT THE RESPONSES OF TALL BUILDINGS
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=444&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The utilization of passive energy dissipation systems has been created a revolution in the structural engineering industry due to their advantages. Fluid Viscous Damper (FVD) is one of these control systems. It has been used in many different industries, such as the army, aerospace, bridge, and building structures. One of the essential questions about this system is how it can combine with the bracing system to enhance its abilities. In this paper, a comparison between the responses of a twelve-story steel building retrofitted by four layouts of bracings systems (i.e., chevron, diagonal, toggle, and X-brace) is studied. These bracing systems are equipped by FVD to find the optimum layout for these systems. Buildings are modeled nonlinearity and excited by an earthquake (Manjil earthquake). For this purpose, the Fast Nonlinear Analysis (FNA) is performed using the SAP2000 software. The results show that FVD alters some of the structural behaviors such as inter-story drift when combining with a chevron-bracing system. As a result, it can decrease the motion induced by the earthquake significantly. Besides, the results show that the chevron model has the best performance for the high-rise building in comparison with the other studied systems. As a result, for toggle, chevron, and diagonal bracing systems, the formation of link damper could absorb 66%, 72%, and 79% of input energy instead of modal damping energy, respectively.R. RahgozarSIZING OPTIMIZATION OF TRUSS STRUCTURES WITH NEWTON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHM
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=445&sid=1&slc_lang=en
This study is devoted to discrete sizing optimization of truss structures employing an efficient discrete evolutionary meta-heuristic algorithm which uses the Newton gradient-based method as its updating scheme and it is named here as Newton Meta-heuristic Algorithm (NMA). In order to enable the NMA population-based meta-heuristic to effectively explore the discrete design space, a term containing the best solution found is added to the basic updating rule of the algorithm. The efficiency of the proposed NMA metaheuristic is illustrated by presenting five benchmark discrete truss optimization problems and comparing the results with literature. The numerical results demonstrate that the NMA is a robust and powerful meta-heuristic algorithm for dealing with the discrete sizing optimization problems of steel trusses.M. DaneshA PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM TO SUGGEST FORMULAS FOR THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE RECYCLED MATERIAL REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=446&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Reducing waste material plays an essential role for engineers in the current world. Nowadays, recycled materials are going to be used in order to manufacture concrete beams. Previous studies concluded that the currently proposed formulas to predict the flexural and shear behavior of the reinforced concrete beams were not appropriate for those manufactured by recycled materials. This study aims to employ the Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm to suggest the flexural and shear performance of recycled material reinforced concrete beams. For this purpose, the previous experimental outcomes are utilized, and new equations are established to anticipate both flexural and shear behavior of the recycled material concrete beams. Consequently, all findings are compared with those achieved experimentally. The attained significances of this study show that the proposed formulas have high accuracy for the experimental data.M. Rezaiee-PajandANALYSIS OF ROCK MASS BOREABILITY IN MECHANICAL TUNNELING USING RELEVANCE VECTOR REGRESSION OPTIMIZED BY DOLPHIN ECHOLOCATION ALGORITHM
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=447&sid=1&slc_lang=en
During project planning, the prediction of TBM performance is a key factor for selection of tunneling methods and preparation of project schedules. During the construction, TBM performance need to be evaluated based on the encountered rock mass conditions. In this paper, the model based on a relevance vector regression (RVR) optimized by dolphin echolocation algorithm (DEA) for prediction of specific rock mass boreability index (SRMBI) is proposed. The DEA is combined with the RVR for determining the optimal value of its user-defined parameters. The optimized RVR by DEA was employed to available data given in the open source literature. In this model, rock mass uniaxial compressive strength, brittleness index (B<sub>i</sub>), volumetric joint account (J<sub>v</sub>), and joint orientation (J<sub>o</sub>) were used as the input, while the SRMBI was the output parameter. The performances of the suggested predictive model were tested according to two performance indices, i.e., mean square error and determination coefficient. The results show that the RVR- DEA model can be successfully utilized for estimation of the SRMBI in mechanical tunneling.H. FattahiSTRUCTURAL TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION BASED ON HYBRID OF PIECEWISE CONSTANT LEVEL SET METHOD AND ISOGEOMETRIC ANALYSIS
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=448&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The present study proposes a hybrid of the piecewise constant level set (PCLS) method and isogeometric analysis (IGA) approach for structural topology optimization. In the proposed hybrid method, the discontinuities of PCLS functions is used in order to present the geometrical boundary of structure. Additive Operator Splitting (AOS) scheme is also considered for solving the Lagrange equations in the optimization problem subjected to some constraints. For reducing the computational cost of the PCLS method, the Merriman–Bence–Osher (MBO) type of projection scheme is applied. In the optimization process, the geometry of structures is described using the Non–Uniform Rational B–Splines (NURBS)–based IGA instead of the conventional finite element method (FEM). The numerical examples illustrate the efficiency of the PCLS method with IGA in the efficiency, convergence and accuracy compared with the other level set methods (LSMs) in the framework of 2–D structural topology optimization. The results of the topology optimization reveal that the proposed method can obtain the same topology in lower number of convergence iteration.M. KhatibiniaWEIGHT MINIMIZATION AND ENERGY DISSIPATION MAXIMIZATION OF BRACED FRAMES USING EVPS ALGORITHM
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=449&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In this research, a new objective function has been proposed for optimal design of the Buckling Restrained Braced Frames (BRBFs) is performed using nonlinear time history analysis. The BRBF is a particular type of bracing system that has been widely utilized in recent years. The nonlinear time history analysis also provides a detailed view of the behavior of the structure. The purpose of this study is to provide an optimal design based on minimizing the weight of the structure while increasing the energy dissipation capability of the structure. Due to the complexity of the problem, the Enhanced Vibrating Particles Systems (EVPS) meta-heuristic algorithm is used to perform the optimization. Here, a 3-story frame, a 6-story frame and a 9-story frame are investigated simultaneously considering the continuous and discrete optimization.A. KavehRELIABILITY ASSESSMENT OF TRANSMISSION LINE TOWERS USING METAHEURISTIC ALGORITHMS
http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijoce/browse.php?a_id=450&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Due to the random nature of the variables affecting the analysis and design of structures, the reliability method is considered as one of the most important and widely used topics in structural engineering. Despite the simplicity of moment methods, the answer to problems with multiple design points (the point with the highest probability of failure) such as transmission line towers depends a lot on the starting point of the search; and it may converge to the local optima answer which is not desirable. Simulation methods also require a large number of evaluations of the limit state function and increase the volume and time of calculations. Also, the design point is not calculated in most of these methods. In this study, the reliability index of four transmission line towers was calculated with four metaheuristic algorithms in which the limit state function was defined based on the displacement of nodes and the results were compared with the results of Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) method. For this purpose, the objective function was defined as the geometric distance between the point on the function of the boundary condition to the origin in the standard normal coordinate system and the constraint of the problem (the limit state function) based on the displacement of the nodes. Random variables in these problems consisting of the cross-sectional area of the members, the modulus of elasticity, and the nodal loads.P. Hosseini