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Showing 3 results for Semisolid Metal (ssm) Processing

M. Ghalambaz,, M. Shahmiri, Y. H. K Kharazi,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (6-2007)

Abstract: Problems such as the difficulty of the selection of processing parameters and the large quantity of experimental work exist in the morphological evolutions of Semisolid Metal (SSM) processing. In order to deal with these existing problems, and to identify the effect of the processing parameters, (i.e. shearing rate-time-temperature) combinations on particle size and shape factor, based on experimental investigation, the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was applied to predict particle size and shape factor SSM processed Aluminum A.356.0 alloy. The results clearly demonstrated that, the ANN with 2 hidden layers and topology (4, 2) can predict the shape factor and the particle size with high accuracy of 94%.The sensivity analysis also revealed that shear rate and solid fraction had the largest effect on shape factor and particle size, respectively. The shear rate had a reverse effect on particle size.
M .shahmiri, , H. Arabi ,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (12-2009)


  The aims of this research were to investigate the effects of semisolid metal (SSM) processing parameters (i.e., shear rates –times – temperatures combinations) on the primary solidification products and isothermal holding duration, subsequent to cessation of stirring on the secondary solidification of Al-Si (A356) alloy.

  The dendrite fragmentation was found to be the governing mechanism of the primary dendritic to non-dendritic transformation, via rosette to final pseudo-spherical shapes during the primary solidification

The secondary solidification of the liquid in the slurry was not only a growth phenomenon but also promoted by 1) fresh heterogeneous nucleation and growth of dendrites and 2) the dendritic growth of the primary solidification products in the remaining liquid. Upon cessation of stirring and gradual disappearance of the prior shear force, the slurry relaxed, and the secondary solidification products pertained to conventional solidification condition
M. Shahmiri,
Volume 13, Issue 4 (12-2016)

Over the last few decades, there have been many mechanisms proposed to describe the formation of the non-dendritic microstructures during Semisolid Metal (SSM) processing; including dendrite fragmentation, spherical growth, cellular growth and recalescence. Dendrite fragmentation is the most popular mechanism of all these hypotheses. It is the purpose of the present article to examine the morphological evolution of the non-dendritic microstructures, based on models proposed by Flemings, Vogel, Cantor, and Doherty during SSM processing of the Al-Si (A356) alloy. Based on new microstructural evidences, including (1) - plastic deformation at the side arms by slip lines formation as a result of the thermal fatigue mechanism, (2) - crack formation at the root of the side arms and (3) – the interaction of a rapidly sheared hot viscous medium with these regions, i.e. erosion; it propose and hereby discuss a new mechanism called "fatigue –erosion", for dendrites fragmentation of the experimental alloy. Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with EBSD and EDS, TEM, and AFM was used for the microstructural characterizations. 

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