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Showing 8 results for Zarei

Golmahalleh O., Zarei-Hanzaki A.,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (Oct 2004)

In principal, a proper combination of strength and ductility is achieved through micro component refinement in steels. This is particularly empowered with ferrite refinement down to micron sizes in ferrite pearlite engineering steels. The latter is achieved through various well-defined methods in which strain induced transformation (SIT) has shown spectacular capabilities. In the present study, to address the effect of thermo mechanical processing parameters on the (SIT) behavior, two plain carbon steels were studied through single pass rolling. This was carried out at the corresponding Ar_3 + 20°C temperature of the steels. The results indicated that the transformation behavior and ferrite morphology would be .strongly influenced by both the chemical composition (i.e., carbon content) and the amount of applied strain. Furthermore, a high volume fraction of very fine ferrite with mean grain size of less than 2 µm was obtained. This was attributed to the ferrite nucleation at deformation bands and serrated austenite grain boundaries.
Dehghan Manshadi A., Zarei Hanzaki A., Golmahalleh O.,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (Jan 2005)

The presence of bainite in the microstructure of steels to obtain a proper combination of strength and toughness has always been desired. The previous works however have shown that the presence of preferred bainite morphologies in the microstructure of any steel would not be readily accessible. In addition, the appearance of different bainite morphologies in the microstructure of any steel is dictated by different factors including the steel initial microstructure, austenitization characteristics, thermomechanical processing parameters and so on. Accordingly, in the present work, the effect of prior austenite grain size and the amount of austenite hot deformation on the bainite formation characteristics were investigated in 0.12C-2.5 Ni-1.2Cr steels. The results indicated that the prior austenite grain size and the amount of deformation in the austenite no-recrystallization region resulted in significant changes of the bainite formation kinetics and morphology.
Fatemi-Varzaneh S.m., Zarei-Hanzaki A.,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (Apr 2005)

AZ31 magnesium alloy is considered as a promising alloy in various applications and industries. Furthermore, to design a proper hot working process (rolling, forging and extrusion), the assessment of hot working behaviour of the alloy is necessary. Accordingly, the hot deformation behaviour of AZ31 alloy was studied through hot compression testing method This was carried out in a wide range of temperature (523K to 783K) and strain rates. The obtained true stress-true strain curves and final microstructures were examined and a partial melting was realized at 740K. It was concluded that the presence of liquid did change the deformation mechanisms thereby affecting the flow behaviour.
Nosrati F., Zarei Hanzaki A.,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (Jul 2006)

TRIP (TRansformation- lnduced- Plasticity) behavior is a powerful mechanism to improve mechanical properties. The basis of TRIP phenomena is the transformation of retained austenite with optimum characteristics (volume fraction, stability, size and morphology) to martensite during deformation at room temperature. Accordingly, the first requirement to obtain desired TRIP effects is to produce an appropriate microstructure. Thermo mechanical processing is an effective method to control the microstructural evolution thereby mechanical properties in TRIP steels. This work deals with a TRIP steel containing 0.2% C, evaluating the effects of straining before and during ?®a atransformation on its final characteristics, using hot compression tests. The results revealed that straining in the two phase region (dynamic transformation) not only reduces the ferrite grain size more significantly, but also increases the retained austenite volumefraction. Accordingly the final mechanical properties were also improved.
K. Ghadarghadr Jahromi, , A. Zarei-Hanzaki, O. Golmahalleh,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (winter 2008 2008)

Abstract: In the present investigation, the effects of thermomechanical processing parameters and the steel chemical composition on the ultra fine ferrite formation characteristics were studied. This was programmed relying on the capabilities of strain induced transformation (SIT) phenomenon and applying to different grades of Si-Mn TRIP (Transformation Induced Plasticity) steels. Accordingly, wedge shaped specimens were rolled at two different temperatures, above and below the austenite-to-ferrite transformation temperature (Ar3). An ultra fine ferrite grain size, in the scale of some hundred nanometers, was obtained by rolling the specimens with lower Si content at a temperature below the related Ar3 temperature. The amount of reduction, which was resulted in the latter microstructure, was realized to be about 55%.
R. Zarei Moghadam, M.h. Ehsani, H. Rezagholipour Dizaji, M.r. Sazideh,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (September 2018)

In this work, Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) thin films were deposited on glass substrates at room temperature by vacuum evaporation technique. The deposited CdTe thin films were characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV-Visible spectroscopy and Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) techniques. Structural studies revealed that the CdTe films deposited at various thicknesses are crystallized in cubic structure. The results showed the improvement of the film crystallinity upon grain size increment. Optical constants such as refractive index (n), extinction coefficient (k), real and imaginary parts of dielectric constant, volume energy loss function (VELF), and surface energy loss function (SELF) were calculated using UV-Vis spectra. In addition, band gap and Urbach energies were calculated by Tauc and ASF methods. The band gap energy of the specimens was found to decrease from 1.8 to 1.4eV with increasing the thickness of films. The absorption coefficient, computed and plotted versus the photon energy (hν) and tailing in the optical band gap, was observed which is understood based on Urbach law. Urbach energy variation from 0.125 to 0.620 eV in the samples with higher thicknesses is concluded.
M. Minbashi, R. Zarei Moghadam, M. H. Ehsani, H. Rezagholipour Dizaji, M. Omrani,
Volume 16, Issue 3 (September 2019)

Zigzag ZnS thin films prepared by thermal evaporation method using glancing angle deposition (GLAD) technique. ZnS films with zigzag structure were produced at deposition angles of 0˚, 60˚ and 80˚ at room temperature on glass substrates. Surface morphology of the films w::as char::acterized by using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The optical properties of the specimens were investigated by using UV-Vis spectroscopy technique. To characterize the porosity of the simulated structures, the PoreSTAT software which analyses the NASCAM software was employed. The optical transmissions of the samples were calculated by using NASCAM optics package. The simulation results are completely in agreement with the experimental results.

Ali Hasanzade Salmasi, Mahban Zarei, Shadab Safarzadeh Khosroshahi, Soolmaz Heidari, Farhood Najafi, Mojtaba Ghomayshi, Katayoun Lesani,
Volume 20, Issue 3 (September 2023)

Amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) which is a transient phase in natural bio-mineralization process has recently gained the spotlight. This study aimed to assess the effect of incorporation of nano-ACP (NACP) in a dental adhesive with/without surface treatment with silane coupling agent on bond strength. NACP was synthesized by the wet chemical precipitation technique. To characterize the structure of NACP, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used. Forty molars were randomized into 4 groups of 10. The teeth were restored with composite resin and the bonding agent (one of the four groups). Adper Single Bond 2 was used as the control group. In 4wt% NACP group, NACP fillers were added to the bonding agent. In 0.4wt% and 4wt% SNACP groups, silanized NACP fillers were added to the bonding agent. Finally, the mode of failure of specimens was determined. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Addition of 4wt% non-silanized NACP decreased the bond strength compared with the control group (P<0.05). The bond strength of the groups with silanized fillers was not significantly different from that of the control group. Addition of silanized NACP to dental adhesive had no significant adverse effect on bond strength, which is a promising finding to pave the way for the synthesis of bonding agents containing bioactive fillers.

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