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Showing 6 results for Eftekhari Yekta

M. Rezvani, B. Eftekhari Yekta, V. K. Marghussian,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (winter 2008 2008)
Abstract

Abstract: The application of inexpensive materials such as copper, zinc, lead, iron and steel slag in manufacturing of glass and glass-ceramic products in construction industry, lining materials as anti-corrosion and anti-abrasion coatings in metals and etc, has led to considerable progress in glass technology in recent years. The composition of slag glass-ceramics is mainly located in the SiO2-Al2O3-CaO-MgO system, in which one of the most important problems is the lack of bulk crystallization. To resolve the above-mentioned problem, the crystallization behavior of various compositions containing different nucleating agents Cr2O3 , Fe2O3 and TiO2 in the single, double and triple forms were studied by differential thermal analysis (DTA).The precipitated crystalline phases was determined by the X-ray diffractometry and the micro-structural analysis was studies using the SEM micrographs. The three point bending strength, micro-hardness and the chemical resistance of the best composition were determined. According to the results, the resulted glassceramic had a better specification than the stoneware floor tiles and the porcelain one, which are considered as the two important competitors for it.
F. Khorasanizadeh, B. Eftekhari Yekta, Y. Safaei-Naeini,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (march 2013)
Abstract

Abstract:Some types of glass and glass ceramics have a great potential for making bone tissue engineering scaffolds, drug carrier and bone cements as they can bond to host bone, stimulate bone cells toward osteogenesis, and resorb at the same time as the bone is repaired. Calcium phosphate glass ceramics have very attractive properties that allow them to use in bone tissue engineering. Calcium phosphate glasses could be used for the fabrication of resorbable constructs, with controlled biodegradability. This work was investigated crystallization and sinterability of biodegradable glass ceramics in the CaO–P2O5–Na2O–TiO2 system using differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Sinterability of the glasses also was investigated by measurement of sintering parameters. Different thermal treatments were applied to control the degree of devitrification of glasses. In the developed glass ceramics Ca2P2O7 were the first phase to precipitate in the mother glass structure, followed by Ca(PO3)2 and TiP2O7 at elevated temperature. Ca2P2O7 and Ca(PO3)2 seem to have a very positive effect in bone formation in vivo. It is therefore expected that glass ceramics understudy have good potential to be used for bone regeneration applications
B Eftekhari Yekta, Sh Honarvar,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (December 2014)
Abstract

The effect of titanium dioxide addition on bonding strength of CaO-P2O5 -Na 2O-TiO2glass-ceramic system was investigated as a coating on titanium substrate. Thus, different amounts of TiO2 (2, 3.5 and 5mol %) were added to the base glass batch composition. The prepared glaze slips were applied on the substrate by dip coating method, dried and then heat treated at various temperatures. After that, bonding strength of the glass- substrates was determined via shear stress testing method. The de-bonded interfaces were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). According to these results, the 5 mol% TiO 2 containing coating showed the best bonding strength, comparing with the other coatings. The bioactivity of the coated samples was investigated by soaking them in simulated body fluid (SBF). The surface of the samples was studied using SEM and X-Ray microprobe and it was observed that an apatite layer was grown on their surface
G. Maghouli, B. Eftekhari Yekta,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (March 2018)
Abstract

Commercial dental lithium disilicate based glass-ceramics containing various amounts of P2O5 were synthesized. Regarding the crystallization behavior and physico-chemical properties of the glasses, the optimum percent of P2O5 was determined.as 8 %wt.
Crystallization behavior of the glasses was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The micro-hardness and chemical resistance of both glass and glass-ceramic searies were also determined.
According to our results, lithium phosphate was precipitated prior to crystallization of the main phases, i.e lithium meta silicate and lithium disilicate. This early precipitation led to evacuation of residual glass phase from lithium ions, which caused increasing the viscosity of glass and so shifting of crystallization to higher temperatures.
In addition, increasing in P2O5 amounts and consequently increasing in Li3PO4, led to significant decrease in the crystallite size and aspect ratio  of crystals.
Furthermore, while the chemical resistance of the glasses was decreased with P2O5, it was increased with P2O5 after heat treatment process.
The chemical solubility of these three glass-ceramics was between 2080~1188 μg/cm2.

N. Yazdani, J. Javadpour, B. Eftekhari Yekta, M. Hamrang,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (March 2019)
Abstract

This study focuses on the physical, magnetic, biological and antibacterial behaviour of cobalt-doped HAp powder samples. Pure and Cobalt- doped HAp nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal method. Calcium nitrate, di- ammonium hydrogen phosphate and cobalt nitrate were used as precursor materials.  The synthesized powders were characterized using x-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), Raman spectroscopy as well as MTT assay and cell adhesion test. Disc diffusion method was used to investigate antibacterial activity of the samples. The results confirmed the substitution of Ca by Co ions in the HAp lattice. In addition, this substitution induced size reduction and morphology change in HAp particles. All cobalt substituted HAp powder samples displayed paramagnetic properties, as opposed to the diamagnetic behaviour observed in the pure HAp samples. In addition, these nanoparticles exhibited cell adhesion, biocompatibility and antibacterial activity against S.aureus bacteria.
This study focuses on the physical, magnetic, biological and antibacterial behaviour of cobalt-doped HAp powder samples. Pure and Cobalt- doped HAp nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal method. Calcium nitrate, di- ammonium hydrogen phosphate and cobalt nitrate were used as precursor materials.  The synthesized powders were characterized using x-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), Raman spectroscopy as well as MTT assay and cell adhesion test. Disc diffusion method was used to investigate antibacterial activity of the samples. The results confirmed the substitution of Ca by Co ions in the HAp lattice. In addition, this substitution induced size reduction and morphology change in HAp particles. All cobalt substituted HAp powder samples displayed paramagnetic properties, as opposed to the diamagnetic behaviour observed in the pure HAp samples. In addition, these nanoparticles exhibited cell adhesion, biocompatibility and antibacterial activity against S.aureus bacteria.
P. Shahsavari, B. Eftekhari Yekta, V. Marghussian,
Volume 17, Issue 3 (September 2020)
Abstract

Strong glass-ceramic foams with a compressive strength of 20 MPa were prepared by adding various amounts of Fe2O3 to a soda lime-based glass composition, and SiC as a foaming agent. The foams were prepared by firing the compacted samples in the range of 750–950°C for different soaking times. The crystallization behavior of the samples was investigated by Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (STA), Scanning Electron Microscope, and X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD). Based on the results, solid solutions of pyroxene groups were crystallized by the surface mechanism, between 730˚C and 900˚C during the firing of the specimens, and their amounts increases with increasing of the added iron oxide. Besides, we found that Fe2O3 neither acts as a nucleant for pyroxene nor as an oxidizer for SiC. The results also showed that the compressive strength as well as the crystallization behavior of the foams was influenced by the presence of the SiC particles.

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