Search published articles

Showing 11 results for Ism

Fatemeh Mehdizadeh Saradj,
Volume 18, Issue 6 (7-2007)

When a specific building is examined and analysed for its architectural merits, it is the visible, superficial aspects, which are considered, for example: aesthetics, function, spatial relationships, and landscape. One of the most important invisible factors that should be considered in the design process is the safety of buildings against natural hazards, particularly against earthquakes. While the provision of earthquake resistance is accomplished through structural means, the architectural designs and decisions play a major role in determining the seismic performance of a building. In other words, the seismic design is a shared architectural and engineering responsibility, which stems from the physical relationship between architectural forms and structural systems. It is economic to incorporate earthquake resistance in the stage of design than to add it later in the structural calculation or strengthening after completion. In addition, a building with proper earthquake-proof design will be more effective against earthquakes than the one with complementary strengthening. This paper will demonstrate that evidence for this lies in many historical buildings, which have withstood earthquakes throughout the hundreds of years without having been reinforced with special material. The fact is that the master builder or Mimar (traditional architect) of historic buildings was simultaneously designing the architecture as well as choosing the suitable form, proportion, and material for the best structural performance.
Mehdi Alaeiyan,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (3-2008)

We call a Clayey graph Γ = Cay(G, S) normal for G, if the right regular representation R(G) of G is normal in the full automorphism group of Aunt(Γ). in this paper, we give a classification of all non-normal Clayey graphs of finite abelian group with valency 6. 
M. Alaeiyan,
Volume 19, Issue 2 (7-2008)

Abstract : We call a Cayley graph Γ = Cay (G, S) normal for G, if the right regular representation R(G) of G is normal in the full automorphism group of Aut(Γ). In this paper, a classification of all non-normal Cayley graphs of finite abelian group with valency 6 was presented.


S. Rastegari, Z. Salehpour , Bakhshi , H. Arabi,
Volume 19, Issue 5 (7-2008)

Formation mechanism of silicon modified aluminide coating applied on a nickel base super alloy IN-738 LC by pack cementation process was the subject of investigation in this research. Study of the microstructure and compositions of the coating was carried out, using optical and scanning electron microscopes, EDS and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The results showed that due to low partial pressure of silicon halide in Pack process, the amount of soluble silicon in the coating can not exceed 1 wt % of the total coating composition, although the Si content of the particles present within the outer coating sub-layer could reach as far as 5 wt%. Thus, the small amount of soluble Si within the coating could not provide the necessary conditions for formation of any intermetallic and it seems that the formation and growth behavior of various sub-layers in Si-modified aluminide coating is similar to that of simple aluminide coating. Three sub-layers were detected in the coating structure after being subjected to diffusion heat treatment. They were an outer Ni-rich NiAl sub-layer a middle Ni-rich NiAl and an inter diffusion sub-layers. The details of formations and growth mechanism of these sub-layers has been discussed in this research.

Hamed. R. Tareghian , Madjid Salari,
Volume 20, Issue 3 (9-2009)

The dynamic nature of projects and the fact that they are carried out in changing environments, justify the need for their periodic monitoring and control. Collection of information about the performance of projects at control points costs money. The corrective actions that may need to be taken to bring the project in line with the plan also costs money. On the other hand, penalties are usually imposed when due to “no monitoring” policies projects are delivered later than expected. Thence, this paper addresses two fundamental questions in this regard. First question concerns the optimal frequency of control during the life cycle of a project. The second question concerns the optimal timing of control points. Our solution methodology consists of a simulation-optimization model that optimizes the timing of control points using the attraction-repulsion mechanisms borrowed from the electromagnetism theory. A mathematical model is also used to optimally expedite the remaining part of the project when possible delays are to be compensated.
Ali Morovati Sharifabadi, Alireza Naser Sadrabadi, Fetemeh Dehghani Bezgabadi, Saeid Peirow,
Volume 27, Issue 2 (6-2016)

Efficiency and effectiveness of the organization is result ofmanagement performance and supply chain structure.Today, several factors in selection the supplier or the best combination of suppliers have been identified that this issue would increase the complexity of suplier selecting.This study investigates the application of Fuzzy Delphi in order to identify the important factors in selecting a supplier in the steel industry and then provide a comprehensive and holistic model of supplier selection to overcome the complexity.In this context, Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) unlike other methods, the holistic, dealing with supplier selection to prioritize components-surfacing and identifying key components, so industry leaders will provide comperhensive map to select the best combination based on their.The results of this study indicate that "technically possible", "financial health" and "geography situation" are the basic components to the selection of suppliers.

Hossein Sayyadi Tooranloo, Sajad Rahimi,
Volume 29, Issue 3 (9-2018)

Health care centers as an important part of health care industry, in addition to following their major mission, that is, providing high quality health service, can gain environmental and even socioeconomic advantages through reducing environmental effects resulted from their activities. With the goal of gaining these advantages, health care centers can increase their environmental performance through adopting a systematic and proper approach in application of information systems (ISs). The Green information systems (ISs) that indicate a novice approach in application of ISs are considered as necessary tools to realize the goals of environmental sustainability. Different factors affect Green ISs adoption by health care centers. In this research, these factors were first identified through library method and review of the literature. Then, the relationships between these factors were analyzed and modeled using interpretive structural approach. According to the results, the volume of social investment, research and development along with the senior management’s insight and commitment are the most important factors affecting Green ISs adoption in the health care centers.
Liudmyla Bezuhla, Iryna Koshkalda, Iryna Perevozova, Serhii Kasian, Nataliia Hrechanyk,
Volume 33, Issue 1 (3-2022)

Tourists are getting more aware of the environment. To determine the effectiveness of eco-tourism infrastructure management, the motivation and segmentation of demand for eco-tourism have been analysed using functional theory as a guide. The empirical analysis was conducted in the Dnipro, Zaporizhzhia, and Kherson regions. 382 surveys were obtained by random sampling. To make the data analysis, factor analysis and non-hierarchical segmentation were performed. The results indicate that there are several eco-tourism motivational aspects including self-development, interpersonal relationships, defence functions, building personal relationships, reward, and appreciation from nature. Three different segments of eco-tourists were also identified based on their motives related to nature, reward, and escape. Characteristics of different segments were also specified. This study will help government agencies and private companies improve their travel content and develop more effective marketing plans.
The research has shown that in most cases, the success of any project is in cooperation between NGOs, locals, authorities, and the private sector. The optimal level of local participation is determined by the specifics and scale of each project, which may focus on individual villages or several communities that experience any impact of tourism.
The economic essence of the concept of tourism motivation has been improved, which is defined as a set of needs that affect a person in the process of participation in tourism activities and are a central factor in the decision-making process. Studying the most important motivations of eco-tourists in the region, three groups of motives have been identified: cultural and educational activities, proximity to nature, health and rehabilitation measures.
Adisak Suvittawat,
Volume 33, Issue 4 (12-2022)

Floating markets are not only a unique type of market but also sustainable tourist attractions. The literature focuses on both of floating market Covid-19 preventive measures and tourist’ satisfaction dimensions. The study is using quantitative research by concentrated on the tourist’s satisfaction of an anonymous Floating Market in Nakhon Pathom province. The research concentrated on the floating market Covid-19 preventive measures and the tourists’ satisfaction. The visitors certainly got great enjoyment from the floating market and this resulted in overall good experience for them better than most of them expected. The most important of Covid-19 preventive measures factors for the tourists were the provide clear entry, exit routes and screening point, merchants and customers always wear masks and provide hand washing points. The tourism component clearly overshadowed the destination shopping experience. The close proximity of the market to Bangkok contributes to the success of this market and the perceived satisfaction of the tourists
Komeil Fattahi, Ali Bonyadi Naeini, Seyed Jafar Sadjadi,
Volume 34, Issue 1 (3-2023)

Venture capital (VC) financing is associated with the challenges of double-sided moral hazard, and uncertainty, which leads to the difficulty in estimating the venture's value accurately and consequently the impossibility of determining the optimal equity sharing between the entrepreneur and investor. Traditionally, convertible preferred equity mechanisms used to be implemented as an incentive to decline moral hazard. However, despite the emphasis on investor risk-taking, such mechanisms transfer the investor risk to the entrepreneur and do not mitigate the incentive of opportunistic behaviors. Furthermore, according to the literature review, and to the best of the authors’ knowledge, there has not been developed any practical mechanism for equity sharing in VC financing up to now. This paper proposes a fair equity sharing mechanism, which alleviates the above-mentioned deficiencies. It adjusts both parties' share during the equity dilution in each stage of financing, regarding the difference between the venture's ex-ante and ex-post values. Moreover, it manages uncertainty by applying staged financing and the option of abandonment at the end of each stage. The proposed mechanism has been verified by using the mathematical tools and drawing its curves for a case study.
Dede Rukmayadi, Yayan Saputra, Rifki Muhendra, Zulfa Fitri Ikatrinasari,
Volume 35, Issue 1 (3-2024)

Although the existence of swimming pools is very important for people who need to exercise or just have fun with their families, there are still few studies conducted to explore how to analyze the strategic planning of swimming pool companies in order to grow and develop. For this reason, this research will carry out strategic planning for the company Oasis Pool. The research stage consists of analyzing the internal and external strategies of the Oasis Pool company using the AHP SWOT method. In the second stage, a structural analysis of Oasis Pool's corporate strategy is carried out using the interpretative structural modeling (ISM) method. The results showed that the most appropriate strategy in the development of Oasis Pool's business is a growth strategy. This strategy can be implemented by maximizing fast response services and always maintaining spare parts availability to increase customer satisfaction. Furthermore, the key element of the strategy that will determine the success of Oasis Pool's corporate strategic planning is to maintain fast response to improve service quality. In order to maintain Oasis Pool's business to grow and develop and win the market competition, it is necessary to do the following things such as: design a good work system, active management to make improvements and innovations and keep up with technological developments. The main contribution of this article is to assist swimming pool managers such as Oasis Pool in carrying out effective strategic planning using AHP - SWOT and ISM methods.

Page 1 from 1