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Showing 12 results for Sadeghi

S.k. Charsoghi, A. Sadeghi,
Volume 19, Issue 4 (IJIE 2008)

In this paper, a two-echelon supply chain, which includes two products based on the following considerations, has been studied and the bullwhip effect is quantified. Providing a measure for bullwhip effect that enables us to analyze and reduce this phenomenon in supply chains with two products is the basic purpose of this paper. Demand of products is presented by the first order vector autoregressive time series and ordering system is established according to order up to policy. Moreover, lead-time demand forecasting is based on moving average method because this forecasting method is used widely in real world. Based on these assumptions, a general equation for bullwhip effect measure is derived and there is a discussion about non-existence of an explicit expression for bullwhip effect measure according to the present approach on the bullwhip effect measure. However, bullwhip effect equation is presented for some limited cases. Finally, bullwhip effect in a two-product supply chain is analyzed by a numerical example.
R. Sadeghian, G.r. Jalali-Naini, J. Sadjadi, N. Hamidi Fard ,
Volume 19, Issue 4 (IJIE 2008)

  In this paper Semi-Markov models are used to forecast the triple dimensions of next earthquake occurrences. Each earthquake can be investigated in three dimensions including temporal, spatial and magnitude. Semi-Markov models can be used for earthquake forecasting in each arbitrary area and each area can be divided into several zones. In Semi-Markov models each zone can be considered as a state of proposed Semi-Markov model. At first proposed Semi-Markov model is explained to forecast the three mentioned dimensions of next earthquake occurrences. Next, a zoning method is introduced and several algorithms for the validation of the proposed method are also described to obtain the errors of this method.

B. Moetakef Imani, Kazemi Nasrabadi , Kazemi Sadeghi ,
Volume 19, Issue 7 (IJES 2008)

The stability behavior of low immersion helical end milling processes is investigated in this paper. Low radial immersion milling operations involve interrupted cutting which induces chatter vibration under certain cutting conditions. Time Finite Element Analysis (TFEA) is suggested for an approximate solution for delayed differential equations encountered during interrupted milling. An improved TFEA is proposed which includes the effects of helix angle variations on cutting force, cutting time and specific cutting force coefficients. For this purpose, five different cases were distinguished for engagement limits of the cutting edges. It has been observed that an increase in the helix angle improves the stability limit of the process. This is related to the flip bifurcation lobes that start to separate from the main lobes and shape isolated unstable islands. By further increasing the helix angle, unstable islands will vanish .

S. J Sadjadi , Aryanezhad , H.a. Sadeghi ,
Volume 20, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2009)

We present an improved implementation of the Wagner-Whitin algorithm for economic lot-sizing problems based on the planning-horizon theorem and the Economic- Part-Period concept. The proposed method of this paper reduces the burden of the computations significantly in two different cases. We first assume there is no backlogging and inventory holding and set-up costs are fixed. The second model of this paper considers WWA when backlogging, inventory holding and set-up costs cannot be fixed. The preliminary results also indicate that the execution time for the proposed method is approximately linear in the number of periods in the planning-horizon .
Ramin Sadeghian,
Volume 21, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2010)

The Materials Requirements Planning (MRP) method that is applied in production planning and management has some weaknesses. One of its weaknesses is that the time in MRP method is discrete, and is considered as time period. Hence we are not able to order our requirements at irregular time moments or periods. In this paper, a new form of MRP is introduced that is named Continuous Materials Requirements Planning (CMRP) approach. We discuss the disadvantages of Discrete MRP (DMRP) approach and analyze the conditions, applications and the manner of applying CMRP approach in our problems.
Hossein Sadeghi, Mahdi Zolfaghari , Mohamad Heydarizade,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2011)

  This paper aimed at estimation of the per capita consumption of electricity in residential sector based on economic indicators in Iran. The Genetic Algorithm Electricity Demand Model (GAEDM) was developed based on the past data using the genetic algorithm approach (GAA). The economic indicators used during the model development include: gross domestic product (GDP) in terms of per capita and real price of electricity and natural gas in residential sector. Three forms of GAEDM were developed to estimate the electricity demand. The developed models were validated with actual data, and the best estimated model was selected on base of evaluation criteria. The results showed that the exponential form had more precision to estimate the electricity demand than two other models. Finally, the future estimation of electricity demand was projected between 2009 and 2025 by three forms of the equations linear, quadratic and exponential under different scenarios .

Maghsoud Amiri, Mohammadreza Sadeghi, Ali Khatami Firoozabadi, Fattah Mikaeili ,
Volume 25, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2014)

The main goal in this paper is to propose an optimization model for determining the structure of a series-parallel system. Regarding the previous studies in series-parallel systems, the main contribution of this study is to expand the redundancy allocation parallel to systems that have repairable components. The considered optimization model has two objectives: maximizing the system mean time to first failure and minimizing the total cost of the system. The main constraints of the model are: maximum number of the components in the system, maximum and minimum number of components in each subsystem and total weight of the system. After establishing the optimization model, a multi objective approach of Imperialist Competitive Algorithm is proposed to solve the model.
Ramin Sadeghian,
Volume 27, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2016)

Generally ordering policies are done by two methods, including fix order quantity (FOQ) and fix order period (FOP). These methods are static and either the quantity of ordering or the procedure of ordering is fixing in throughout time horizon. In real environments, demand is varying in any period and may be considered as uncertainty. When demand is variable in any period, the traditional and static ordering policies with fix re-order points cannot be efficient. On the other hand, sometimes in real environments some costs may not be well-known or precise. Some costs such as holding cost, ordering cost and so on. Therefore, using the cost based inventory models may not be helpful. In this paper, a model is developed which can be used in the cases of stochastic and irregular demand, and also unknown costs. Also some attributes consisting of expected positive inventory level, expected negative inventory level and inventory confidence level are considered as objective functions instead the objective function of total inventory cost. A numerical example is also presented for more explanation.

Hassan Sadeghi Naeini, Koustuv Dalal, Hashem Mosaddad, Karmegam Karuppiah,
Volume 29, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2018)

Introduction: This review article has tried to explore the economic effectiveness of ergonomics.
Methods: In this review, PubMed, EBSCO, and Web of Science were selected to find the related articles based on two keywords of ‘ergonomics’ and ‘economics’. Eleven full-text articles (1 in PubMed, 8 in EBSCO, and 2 in Web.Sci.) were included in the study.
Results: Articles show that ergonomics interventions have an association with economics and productivity; however 3 out of 11 articles didn’t show a clear interconnection between ergonomics and economic benefits. All of the reviewed articles conducted at workplaces and also were related to occupational ergonomics, but in a single case, the ergonomics product design was reflected a cost-benefit approach.
Discussion: The role of a healthy workforce and ergonomics design regard to both employees’ efficiency and business growth, are often neglected. According to reviewed papers, the role of ergonomics in green economics toward sustainability is inevitable. However, there are some challenges to persuade the industrial sectors’ managers about the economics side of ergonomics in which limited documents and the lack of ergonomics-economics models and procedures are critical.
Conclusion: This review emphasized on at least two approaches. One of them is the necessities of publishing papers, including valid economics model about industrial ergonomics, another one is to develop some economics tools to confirm the benefits of ergonomic product design. If some appropriate economic models or techniques merge into ergonomics intervention projects, whether industrial ergonomics or product design, more feasible and better outcomes will gain in which both of the employees and customers are satisfied. 
Ramin Sadeghian, Maryam Esmaeili, Maliheh Ebrahimi,
Volume 31, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2020)

Todays, the variety of new products will raise the competition between manufacturers. Product portfolio management (PPM) as a suitable tool can influence the customer’s taste and increase the profit of firms. In this paper, the factors of PPM, production planning and a two-player continuous game theory are considered simultaneously. Some constraints are also assumed such as the availability of raw materials and the demand of each product based on some criteria. Two firms have same offered products and compete with each other. The relationships between two producers will be modeled by a non-zero two- player game. A numerical example is presented too. The proposed model is single period that the inventory is equal to zero in the start and finish of period. The objective functions show the profit of products and the constraints are included the utility of products for each customer, the market's share as a function of the probability of customer selection for each section, the type of distribution function for sale quantity, the accessible quantity of the sum of used materials by two producers and etc.
The results shows that demand changing effects on the profit of two players, but effects more on the second player. Also the sale price changing effects on the profit of two players, but effects more on the first player. The obtained data shows that if extra sale price increase the profit of first player will increase while the profit of second player is constant approximately.
Farzaneh Paknejad, Seyed Hashem Mosaddad, Hassan Sadeghi Naeini,
Volume 32, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2021)

Optimal consumption is known as a nowadays concern which is related to scientific improvement, development of technology, product design, design and development based on standards, proper distribution of resources and, consequently, advancement in other less considered areas. Considering marketing, people are persuaded to purchase and consume the products throughout the gamification principles, even if this is more than the users’ needs. This cross-sectional study focused on consumption patterns and gamification. The main objectives of this research was to provide a modified pattern of purchasing and consuming bread through persuading the families. This study was done by simulated gamification patterns and assessment of participants’ feedback. The data was collected through literature review and interviews from a sample consisting of 25 students in the primary school. The results showed that gamification as a main factor was an appropriate stimulus for persuading purchasing and consumption behavior modification. However, the addition of mechanics in a relationship is not enough per se; reinforcement is required to enhance the quality of the perceived experience.
Mariam Ameli, Somayeh Sadeghi,
Volume 33, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2022)

To respond to the urgent call for preventive action against COVID-19 pandemic implications for societies, this research is carried out. The main aim of our research is providing a new insight for the effects of the newly emerged restrictions by COVID-19 on the SD Goals (SDGs). This research applied a qualitative approach for supporting the SDGs achievement post-COVID in Iran, as a developing country in the Middle East, in two phases. In the first phase, using a fuzzy Delphi method, the SDGs affected by COVID-19 were identified. In the next phase, a fuzzy cognitive map, as a qualitative system dynamics modeling, was conducted to specify the key interconnections among the SDGs post COVID-19. Finally, three strategies including focus on people in vulnerable situation, support for industrial units and small and medium-sized enterprises, and national aggregation to Fight COVID-19 were examined. As a result, different scenarios associated with the three proposed strategies were tested based on the identified interconnections among the SDGs to reduce the potential negative effects of COVID-19 crisis on the achievement of the SDGs. The results provide a decision support for stakeholders and policy makers involved in SD action plan.

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