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Showing 3 results for PISHVA

Keyvan Roshan, Mehdi Seifbarghy, Davar Pishva,
Volume 28, Issue 4 (IJIEPR 2017)

Preventive healthcare aims at reducing the likelihood and severity of potentially life-threatening illnesses by protection and early detection. In this paper, a bi-objective mathematical model is proposed to design a network of preventive healthcare facilities so as to minimize total travel and waiting time as well as establishment and staffing cost. Moreover, each facility acts as M/M/1 queuing system. The number of facilities to be established, the location of each facility, and the level of technology for each facility to be chosen are provided as the main determinants of a healthcare facility network. Since the developed model of the problem is of an NP-hard type, tri-meta-heuristic algorithms are proposed to solve the problem. Initially, Pareto-based meta-heuristic algorithm called multi-objective simulated annealing (MOSA) is proposed in order to solve the problem. To validate the results obtained, two popular algorithms namely, non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) and non-dominated ranking genetic algorithm (NRGA) are utilized. Since the solution-quality of all meta-heuristic algorithms severely depends on their parameters, Taguchi method has been utilized to fine tune the parameters of all algorithms. The computational results, obtained by implementing the algorithms on several problems of different sizes, demonstrate the reliable performances of the proposed methodology.

Arezou Ghahghaei, Mehdi Seifbarghy, Davar Pishva,
Volume 32, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2021)

This paper develops an approximate cost function for a three-echelon supply chain that has two suppliers, a central warehouse and an arbitrary number of retailers. It takes an integrated approach to multi-echelon inventory control and order-splitting problems. It assumes that all facilities apply continuous review policy for replenishment, demand at the retailers follows a Poisson process, and lead times are stochastic with no predetermined probability distribution. Unsatisfied demand is considered as lost sales at the retailers and backlogged at the warehouse and suppliers. Due to information sharing between the existing echelons, order quantity at each higher level is assumed to be an integer multiple of the lower level. Order placed by the warehouse gets divided between the two suppliers and re-order point is not restricted at the warehouse or suppliers. The main contribution of this paper is its integrated approach and the practical assumption that it uses for the order arrival sequence and the unsatisfied demands. It adds two suppliers as the third echelon to the traditional two-echelon supply chain and considers dynamic sequence of orders arrival to the warehouse at each cycle. The fact that inventory control and sourcing decisions are interdependent and act as the main challenge of supply chain management, considering them in an integrated model can significantly influence operating costs and supply chain’s efficiency. Such approach can even have greater impact when blended with practical assumptions that consider lead-time as unpredictable and unsatisfied demand as lost sales. Total cost of the three-echelon inventory system is approximated based on the average unit cost and its accuracy is assessed through simulation. Numerical results with relatively low errors confirms the accuracy of the model. It also shows how to further enhance its accuracy by either increasing the holding cost at all echelons or the penalty cost at the retailers.
Fatemeh Hajisoltani, Mehdi Seifbarghy, Davar Pishva,
Volume 34, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2023)

The main objective of this research is effective planning as well as greener production and distribution of mineral products in supply chain network. Through a case study in cement industry, it considers the design of the mining supply chain network including several factories with a number of production lines and multiple distribution centers. It leaves part of the transportation operation to contractor companies so as to enable the core company to better focus on its products’ quality and also create job opportunities to local people. It employs a multi-period and multi-product mixed integer linear programming model to both maximize the profit of the factory as well as minimize its carbon dioxide gas emissions which are released during cement production and transportation process. Due to the uncertainty of its cost parameters, fuzzy logic has been used for the modeling and solved via a novel fuzzy multi-choice goal programming approach. Sensitivity analysis has also been done on some key parameters. Comparing results of the model with those from the single-objective models, shows that the model has good efficiency and can be used by managers of mining industries such as cement. Although leaving part of the transportation operations to contractor companies increases the number of vehicles used by the contractor companies, its associated decrease in the number of required factory vehicles, improves both objectives of the model. This should be considered by the managers since on top of profit maximization, it can help them build an eco-friendly image. Mining industries generally generate significant amount of pollutions and companies that pay attention to different dimensions of their social responsibilities can remain stable in the competitive market.

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