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Asghar Mohammad Moradi , Mahdi Akhtarkavan,
Volume 18, Issue 6 (International Journal of Engineering science 2007)

The present paper will investigate the specific elements of architectural design based on Islamic beliefs, by taking Iranian Architectural values and vernacular climate design methods into consideration. This research will assess the spirit of experimental elements, created by the inhabitants, according to recent scientific findings. The main concentration will be on the physical design of rural areas in hot, arid and sunny regions of Iran in order to have active and healthy environments and to emphasize on transferring all these sustainable values to the future.
M. Parvari , M. Moradi,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (International Journal of Engineering 2008)

  Abstract : In this study, we prepared a LaNi0.3Al0.7O3 perovskite catalyst using a sol-gel related method (with prop ionic acid as a solvent) for use in the methane dry reforming reaction to produce synthesis gas. We defined the catalyst structure on the basis of X-ray diffraction analysis and measurements of the specific surface area and particle size distribution. The mixed oxide structure was shaped into a cylindrical pellet before being measured for its mechanical strength. The shaped perovskite catalyst was then tested in the methane dry reforming reaction to produce synthesis gas at atmospheric pressure. The results are compared with the predictions of a mathematical model that is used to estimate the concentration profile within the pellet. The outlet concentration of the reactants and conversion products calculated by the mathematical model has been consistent with the results obtained by experiments conducted in a fixed bed reactor.

H. Teimory, H. Mirzahosseinian, A. Kaboli,
Volume 19, Issue 4 (IJIE 2008)

  The advent of e-commerce has prompted many manufacturers to redesign their traditional channel structure by engaging in direct sales. In this paper, we present a dual channel inventory model based on queuing theory in a manufacturer-retailer supply chain, consisting of a traditional retail channel and a direct channel which stocks are kept in both upper and lower echelon. The system receives stochastic demand from the both channel which each channel has an independent demand arrival rate. A lost-sales model which no backorder is allowed is supposed. The replenishment lead times are assumed independent exponential random variables for both warehouse and the retail store. Under the replenishment inventory policy, the inventory position is kept constant at a base-stock level. To analyze the chain performance, an objective function included holding and lost sales costs is defined. At the end, a proposed algorithm named, Best Neighborhood (BN) is used to find a good solution for inventory and the results are compared with Simulated Annealing (SA) solutions.

Morteza Montazeri-Gh, Mahdi Soleymani ,
Volume 19, Issue 5 (IJES 2008)

In previous studies, active suspension system in conventional powertrain systems was investigated. This paper presents the application of active suspension system in parallel hybrid electric vehicles as a novel idea. The main motivation for this study is investigation of the potential advantages of this application over the conventional one. For this purpose, a simultaneous simulation is developed that integrates the powertrain and active suspension systems in a unified media where the power and input data between two systems are exchanged. Using this concurrent simulation tool, the impact of the active suspension load on the internal combustion engine response is studied for both conventional and hybrid electric configurations. The simulation results presented in this study show that there are quite remarkable advantages for application of the active suspension in parallel hybrid electric vehicles in comparison with the conventional one.

Reza Morovatdar , Abdolah Aghaie , Simak Haji Yakhchali ,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2011)

  In order to have better insight of project characteristics, different kinds of fuzzy analysis for project networks have been recently proposed, most of which consider activities duration as the main and only source of imprecision and vagueness, but as it is usually experienced in real projects, the structure of the network is also subject to changes. In this paper we consider three types of imprecision namely activity duration, activity existence and precedence relation existence which make our general fuzzy project network. Subsequently, a corrected forward recursion is proposed for analysis of this network. Since the convexity and normalization of traditional fuzzy numbers are not satisfied, some corrected algebraic operations are also presented. Employing the proposed method for a real project reveals that our method results in more applicable and realistic times for activities and project makespan in comparison to

Classic fuzzy PERT.
B. Moradi, H. Shakeri, S. Namdarzangeneh,
Volume 23, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2012)

Until now single values of IRR are traditionally used to estimate the time value of cash flows. Since uncertainty exists in estimating cost data, the resulting decision may not be reliable. The most commonly cited drawbacks to using the internal rate of return in evaluatton of deterministic cash flow streams is the possibility of multiple conflicting internal rates of return. In this paper we present a fuzzy methodology for solving problems of multiple IRR in any type of streams. Utilization of fuzzy cash flow allows modeling of uncertainty in estimating cost data. The approach of

-cut is to decrease the range of the final fuzzy set by increasing the degree of membership. For each fuzzy IRR in an optimum -cut, and an obtained present value of each stream, it is possible to decide on acceptance or rejection of a project according to the type of each stream (borrowing or investing). The upper bound of -cut is the worst case for borrowing and the lower bound of -cut is the worst case for investing. It is shown that both the internal rate of return and the present value are important in decision making and by analyzing the sensitivity of these values relative to the -cut variation, one can see the behavior of the project and choose a narrower fuzzy range.

Mahdi Karbasian, Batool Mohebi, Bijan Khayambashi, Mohsen Chesh Berah, Mehdi Moradi,
Volume 26, Issue 4 (IJIEPR 2015)

The present paper aims to investigate the effects of modularity and the layout of subsystems and parts of a complex system on its maintainability. For this purpose, four objective functions have been considered simultaneously: I) maximizing the level of accordance between system design and optimum modularity design,II) maximizing the level of accessibility and the maintenance space required,III) maximizing the providing of distance requirement and IV) minimizing the layout space. The first objective function has been put forward for the first time in the present paper and in it, the optimum system modularity design was determined using the Design Structure Matrix (DSM) technique.The second objective function is combined with the concept of Level of Repair Analysis (LoRA) and developed. Simultaneous optimization of the above-mentioned objective functions has not been considered in previous studies. The multi objective problem which has been put forward was applied on a laser range finder containing 17 subsystems and the modularity and optimum layout was determined using a multi objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) algorithm.


Parinaz Esmaeili, Morteza Rasti-Barzoki, Seyed Reza Hejazi,
Volume 27, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2016)

Pricing and advertising are two important marketing strategies in the supply chain management which lead to customer demand’s increase and therefore higher profit for members of supply chains. This paper considers advertising, and pricing decisions simultaneously for a three-level supply chain with one supplier, one manufacturer and one retailer. The amount of market demand is influenced by pricing and advertising. In this paper, three well-known approaches in the game theory including the Nash, Stackelberg and Cooperative games are exploited to study the effects of pricing and advertising decisions on the supply chain. Using these approaches, we identify optimal decisions in each case for the supplier, the manufacturer and the retailer. Also, we compare the outcomes decisions among the mentioned games. The results show that, the Cooperative and the Nash games have the highest and lowest advertising expenditure, respectively. The price level in the Nash game is more than the Stackelberg game for all three levels, and the retailer price in the Stackelberg and Cooperative games are equal. The system has the highest profit in the Cooperative game. Finally, the Nash bargaining model will be presented and explored to investigate the possibilities for profit sharing.

Ali Morovati Sharifabadi, Alireza Naser Sadrabadi, Fetemeh Dehghani Bezgabadi, Saeid Peirow,
Volume 27, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2016)

Efficiency and effectiveness of the organization is result ofmanagement performance and supply chain structure.Today, several factors in selection the supplier or the best combination of suppliers have been identified that this issue would increase the complexity of suplier selecting.This study investigates the application of Fuzzy Delphi in order to identify the important factors in selecting a supplier in the steel industry and then provide a comprehensive and holistic model of supplier selection to overcome the complexity.In this context, Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) unlike other methods, the holistic, dealing with supplier selection to prioritize components-surfacing and identifying key components, so industry leaders will provide comperhensive map to select the best combination based on their.The results of this study indicate that "technically possible", "financial health" and "geography situation" are the basic components to the selection of suppliers.

Morteza Rasti-Barzoki, Ali Kourank Beheshti, Seyed Reza Hejazi,
Volume 27, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2016)

This paper addresses a production and outbound distribution scheduling problem in which a set of jobs have to be process on a single machine for delivery to customers or to other machines for further processing. We assume that there is a sufficient number of vehicles and the delivery costs is independent of batch size but it is dependent on each trip. In this paper, we present an Artificial Immune System (AIS) for this problem. The objective is to minimize the sum of the total weighted number of tardy jobs and the batch delivery costs. A batch setup time has to be added before processing the first job in each batch. Using computational test, we compare our method with an existing method for the mentioned problem in literature namely Simulated Annealing (SA). Computational tests show the significant improvement of AIS over the SA.

Ahmad Makui, Pooria Moeinzadeh, Morteza Bagherpour,
Volume 27, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2016)

Due to the particular importance of projects in human life and in organizations, proper project management has been always regarded highly by researchers and practitioners. Recent advances in technology and fundamental changes in most scientific areas have affected projects and made their nature and environmental circumstances much more complex than in the past. Fortunately, in recent years, many scholars have recognized the importance of complexity in modern project management and tried to identify its various aspects. Furthermore, one of the main factors for a project’s success is the assignment of an appropriate project manager. Many studies have been done about project managers' competencies and the selection methods of a suitable project manager. In most of these researches, the amount and type of project complexity have been explained as influential factors for determining the competent project manager. However, a specific approach for project manager selection considering the complexity of projects is not provided yet. Hence, in this paper we try to design and implement a fuzzy group decision making approach to allocate the best project manager taking into account the project complexity. Also, owing to the importance of construction projects in the development of countries' basic infrastructures, we exclusively studied this kind of projects. Finally, it should be noted that from the viewpoint of complexity theory, system complexity can exist in two forms: static and dynamic. Therefore, considering the breadth of issues related to each of these two complexity areas, just the static complexity of construction projects has been studied here.

Seyed Babak Ebrahimi, Seyed Morteza Emadi,
Volume 27, Issue 4 (IJIEPR 2016)

Empirical studies show that there is stronger dependency between large losses than large profit in financial market, which undermine the performance of using symmetric distribution for modeling these asymmetric. That is why the assuming normal joint distribution of returns is not suitable because of considering the linier dependence, and can be lead to inappropriate estimate of VaR. Copula theory is basic tool for multivariate modeling, which is defined by using marginal and dependencies between variables joint distribution function. In addition, Copulas are able to explain and describe of complex multiple dependencies structures such as non-linear dependence. Therefore, in this study, by combining symmetric and asymmetric GARCH model for modeling the marginal distribution of variables and Copula functions for modeling financial data and also use of DCC model to determine the dynamic correlation structure between assets, try to estimate the Value at Risk of investment portfolio consists of five active index In Tehran Stock Exchange. The results demonstrate excellence of GJR-GARCH(1,1) with the distribution of t-student for marginal distribution. t-Copula model, estimates the Value at Risk model less than the Gaussian Copula in all cases.

Morteza Rasti-Barzoki, Hamed Jafari, Seyed Reza Hejazi,
Volume 28, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2017)

In the current study, a dual-channel supply chain is considered containing one manufacturer and two retailers. It is assumed that the manufacturer and retailers have the same decision powers. A game-theoretic approach is developed to analyze pricing decisions under the centralized and decentralized scenarios. First, the Nash model is established to obtain the equilibrium decisions in the decentralized case. Then, the centralized model is developed to maximize the total profit of the whole system. Finally, the equilibrium decisions are discussed and some managerial insights are revealed. 

Parinaz Esmaeili, Seyed Reza Hejazi, Morteza Rasti-Barzoki,
Volume 28, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2017)

This paper considers the advertising, pricing, and service decisions simultaneously to coordinate the supply chain with a manufacturer and a retailer. The amount of market demand is influenced by advertising, pricing and service decisions. In this paper, three well-known approaches to the game theory, including the Nash, the Stackelberg-retailer, and the cooperative game are exploited to study the effects of these policies on the supply chain. Using these approaches, we identify optimal strategies in each case for the manufacturer and the retailer. Then, we will compare the outcomes of each strategy thus developed. The results show that, compared with the Nash game, the Stackelberg-retailer game yields higher profits for the retailer, the manufacturer, and the whole system. The cooperative game yields the highest profits. Finally, the Nash bargaining model will be presented and explored to investigate the possibilities for profit sharing.

Mahdi Karbasian, Maryam Mohammadi, Mohammad Mortazavi,
Volume 29, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2018)

Reliability allocation has an essential connection to design for reliability and is an important activity in the product design and development process. In determining the reliability of subsystems or components on the basis of goal reliability, attention must be paid to failure effect, failure information, and improvement opportunities based upon real potentials for reliability improvement. In the light of the fact that ignoring dependent failures inflicts irreversible damage on systems, and that redundant systems are vulnerable to Common Cause Failure (CCF) as well as independent failure, attention must be paid not only to components’ independent failure information, but also to CCF information in conducting reliability allocation for such systems. To consider improved failure rate alone cannot ensure the achievement of the goal reliability in question, because if the CCF occurrence exceeds a certain limit, the system’s reliability will certainly fail to match the goal reliability. This paper is an attempt to develop a method for reliability allocation of series-parallel systems by considering CCF, in such a way that potentials and priorities of reliability improvement are taken into consideration. The proposed method consists of four stages: 1) adding a series component to the redundant system in order to investigate CCF, 2) conducting reliability allocation for series components and the redundant system, 3) conducting reliability allocation for redundant system components, and 4) analyzing the failure rate of system components. The proposed method is run for water pumping systems and the results are evaluated. In this method, in addition to the improved failure rate of system components, the improved rate of CCF is computed, too. This proves instrumental and crucial for system designers in feasibility studies and conceptual design.

Seyed Farid Ghannadpour, Ali Rezahoseini, Siamak Noori, Morteza Yazdani,
Volume 30, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2019)

In order to manage a project with integrity, a cohesive communication is needed between its various sections; possible risks, identification of stakeholders, providing the necessary resources on time and managing their availability, focusing on the approved budget and satisfactory quality the project can be successfully done. In the recent year BIM has as new aspects to engineering and architecture, and has become an accepted platform for planning and executing construction projects and contributed to integration of various fields and. also, project management standards, such as PMBOK, have come to aid construction managers. Through the basic capacities of BIM, and questionnaires according to aspects of PMBOK, the present study tries to identify the superior effects of BIM on project management. Moreover, it seeks to recognize the most significant aspects of BIM application on project management. by employing the FANP-AVIKOR decision making method to prioritize the parameters of the collected results, the study’s conclusion will indicate that almost all of PMBOK aspects equally benefit from using BIM; in addition, it will show that 3D BIM capacities, including clash detection, plan correction, are superior in comparison with 6D BIM and 7D BIM capacities.
Ali Borumand, Morteza Rasti-Barzoki,
Volume 30, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2019)

In this paper, greening, pricing, and advertising policies in a supply chain will be examined with government intervention. The supply chain has two members. First, a manufacturer seeking to determine the wholesale price and the greening level and second, a retailer that has to determine the advertising cost and the retail price. The government is trying to encourage the manufacturer to green the production using subsidies. Using the game theory, at first, the demand function and the profit functions of both members are introduced, then in a dynamic game, their Stackelberg equilibrium is calculated. Sensitivity and parameter analysis are made to more illustration of the problem. We found the supply chain profit function behavior and results show that if the sensitivity of demand-price is less than a specific value, the manufacturer will not participate in greening policies.

Rahul S Mor, Arvind Bhardwaj, Vishal Kharka, Manjeet Kharub,
Volume 32, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2021)

Inventory management plays a vital role in attaining the desired service level and prevents excess capital from being tied up in the form of dead stock. This paper presents a framework to effectively determine the items subject to obsolescence in an automotive spare parts warehouse. The inventory management techniques are applied to minimize the costs and a framework is proposed based on ABC-XYZ and FSN analysis to prioritize the spare parts based on their criticality. Further, the importance of items in the warehouse is carried out to eliminate the dead stock. The ABC classification findings reveal that A-class items accounted for 10.39% and hold the highest inventory value grouping. XYZ classification concludes that much priority should be given to the management of 52.7% of items under the Z category as the demand trend of these items is highly fluctuating. The N category items have no demand in recent times and need immediate attention, thereby preventing further unnecessary procurement. Thus, based on the ABC-XYZ and FSN analysis, the non-critical items, i.e., the non-moving items having fluctuating demand, are sorted out.
Moreza Rasti-Bazroki, Pegah Amini,
Volume 32, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2021)

Due to the intensity of competition and economical condition in different countries, a group of manufacturers tried to add new products in their product portfolios in order to gain superiority against their competitors. However, the strategy and the manner of adding the products to the portfolio is one of the biggest challenges in the manufacturing process. As a result, researchers have used a variety of methods to evaluate the alternatives, such as ranking, mathematical optimization and multi criteria decision making. Hybrid methods using multi criteria decision making have gained popularity in recent years. This article uses a novel hybrid strategy using multi criteria decision making in order to find the best alternative. It is concluded that the ‘making’ alternative is superior to joint venturing and buying alternatives using the net outranking flow index.
Mansour Abedian, Amirhossein Karimpour, Morteza Pourgharibshahi, Atefeh Amindoust,
Volume 35, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2024)

The area coverage of machines on the production line to address the scheduling and routing problem of autonomous guided vehicles (AGV) is an innovative way to improve productivity in manufacturing enterprises. This paper proposed a new model for the optimal area coverage of machines in the production line by applying a single AGV to minimize both the transfer costs and the number of breakpoints of AGV. One of the unique advantages of the area coverage employed in the present study is that it minimizes transfer costs and breakpoints, and makes it possible to provide service for several machines simultaneously since the underlying assumption was finding a path to ensure that every point in a given workspace is covered at least once. Since rail AGV is used in this study, AGV can only pass horizontal and vertical distances in the production line. The reversal of the AGV path in vertical and horizontal distances implies failure and breakpoint in the present paper. The simulation results confirm the feasibility of the proposed method.

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