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Showing 3 results for Koshkalda

Liudmyla Bezuhla, Iryna Koshkalda, Iryna Perevozova, Serhii Kasian, Nataliia Hrechanyk,
Volume 33, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2022)

Tourists are getting more aware of the environment. To determine the effectiveness of eco-tourism infrastructure management, the motivation and segmentation of demand for eco-tourism have been analysed using functional theory as a guide. The empirical analysis was conducted in the Dnipro, Zaporizhzhia, and Kherson regions. 382 surveys were obtained by random sampling. To make the data analysis, factor analysis and non-hierarchical segmentation were performed. The results indicate that there are several eco-tourism motivational aspects including self-development, interpersonal relationships, defence functions, building personal relationships, reward, and appreciation from nature. Three different segments of eco-tourists were also identified based on their motives related to nature, reward, and escape. Characteristics of different segments were also specified. This study will help government agencies and private companies improve their travel content and develop more effective marketing plans.
The research has shown that in most cases, the success of any project is in cooperation between NGOs, locals, authorities, and the private sector. The optimal level of local participation is determined by the specifics and scale of each project, which may focus on individual villages or several communities that experience any impact of tourism.
The economic essence of the concept of tourism motivation has been improved, which is defined as a set of needs that affect a person in the process of participation in tourism activities and are a central factor in the decision-making process. Studying the most important motivations of eco-tourists in the region, three groups of motives have been identified: cultural and educational activities, proximity to nature, health and rehabilitation measures.
Katiryna Sheludko, Iryna Koshkalda, Olena Panukhnyk, Dmytro Hoptsii, Liudmyla Makieieva,
Volume 33, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2022)

The article analyzes the ecological condition of the soil and identifies the main problems of the environmentalization of land use in Ukraine in the case of the Kharkiv region. Deterioration of the ecological condition of agricultural land, weakening of their erosion resistance, violation of the optimal structure of land, reduction of the content of humus and basic nutrients lead to a decrease in land productivity. In general, the current state of environmental safety of land is quite unsatisfactory, so it significantly reduces the quality and volume of agricultural production.
The analysis of the situation and the forecast of the efficiency of soil fertility show that due to the sharp decrease in the application of organic and mineral fertilizers, insufficient implementation of forest reclamation, and anti-erosion measures, degradation processes have intensified in all areas. The problem with the balance of nutrients has become more acute, the acidity of the soil solution is increasing, the humus content is reducing, and the intensity of erosion processes has significantly increased.
The main tasks of the environmentalization of agricultural land use involve measures for increasing soil fertility by limiting the use of intensive chemicalization of agriculture; measures for the application of the organic fertilizer to ensure a deficit-free balance of humus in the soil; measures for mechanization, chemicalization, land reclamation using the latest methods; anti-erosion measures and the use of new methods of tillage, liming, soil, and minimization of tillage. Thus, to ensure the formation of environmentally friendly agricultural land use, an important condition is the creation of a scientifically sound structure and optimization of the ratio of productive (arable land) and environmentally friendly (hayfields, pastures, wooded areas) land use. The main environmentally friendly elements of this structure include agro-ameliorative and forest-ameliorative measures that form the ecological framework of agro-landscapes and are the basis for providing favorable agro-environmental parameters for agricultural land.

Koshkalda Iryna, Karina Utenkova, Herman Lyudmyla, Vasilieva Lesja, Atamas Oleksandr,
Volume 33, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2022)

The essence of the economic security of the Ukraine's agricultural sector, its role in further globalization, as well as the  trends of changes in key indicators of economic security till 2024 are considered in the article. The economic security of the agricultural sector is determined by the authors as an important component of the economic security of a country, it provides the state of a system (as a whole or individual entities), which in conditions of permanent influence of external and internal factors ensures the stability and progressive development of the agricultural sector  providing conditions for preservation and further reproduction of resource potential, guarantees food security, promotes the development of rural areas.
The emphasis is focused on the special role of food security in the context of achieving the Global Sustainable Development Goals.
The key indicators of achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 2 "Overcoming hunger, achieving food security, improving nutrition and promoting sustainable agricultural development" are analyzed. The positive dynamics is established for the following indicators: Productivity labour in agriculture; Index of agricultural products; The share of agricultural lands under organic production in the total area of this year lands; The consumer price index for food. Other indicators show that Ukraine lags far behind the targets.
The need to form a unified approach to the management of economic security of the agricultural sector has become the basis for the development of conceptual foundations for the strategy of economic security of the Ukraine's agricultural sector in the context of globalization. The implementation of this strategy will strengthen further the food security.

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