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Mohsen Khezeli, Esmaeil Najafi, Mohammad Haji Molana, Masoud Seidi,
Volume 32, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2021)

One of the most important fields of logistic network is transportation network design that has an important effect on strategic decisions in supply chain management. It has recently attracted the attention of many researchers. In this paper, a multi-stage and multi-product logistic network design is considered.
This paper presents a hybrid approach based on simulation and optimization (Simulation based optimization), the model is formulated and presented in three stages.  At first, the practical production capacity of each product is calculated using the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) index, in the second stage, the optimization of loading schedules is simulated. The layout of the loading equipment, the number of equipment per line, the time of each step of the loading process, the resources used by each equipment were simulated, and the output of the model determines the maximum number of loaded vehicles in each period. Finally, a multi-objective model is presented to optimize the transportation time and cost of products. A mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model is formulated in such a way as to minimize transportation costs and maximize the use of time on the planning horizon. We have used Arena simulation software to solve the second stage of the problem, the results of which will be explained. It is also used GAMS software to solve the final stage of the model and optimize the transporting cost and find the optimal solutions. Several test problems were generated and it showed that the proposed algorithm could find good solutions in reasonable time spans.
Mohsen Khezeli, Esmaeil Najafi, Mohammad Haji Molana, Masoud Seidi,
Volume 33, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2022)

Nowadays, supply chain management (SCM) is an interesting problem that has attracted the attention of many researchers. Transportation network design is one of the most important fields of SCM. In this paper, a logistics network design is considered to optimize the total cost and increase the network stability and resiliency. First, a mixed integer nonlinear programming model (MINLP) is formulated to minimize the transportation time and transportation cost of products. The proposed model consists of two main stages.
One is a normal stage that minimizes the transportation and holding costs, all manufacturers are also assumed to be healthy and in service. In this stage, the quantity of customer demand met by each manufacturer is eventually determined.
The second is the resilience stage. A method is presented by creating an information network in this supply chain for achieving the resilient and sustainable production and distribution chain that, if some manufacturers break down or stop production, Using the Restarting and load sharing scenarios in the reactive approach to increase resilience with accepting the costs associated with it in the supply network and return to the original state in the shortest possible time, the consequences of accidental failure and shutdown of production units are managed.
Two capacities are also provided for each manufacturer
  • Normal capacity to meet the producer's own demand
  • Load sharing capacity, Determine the empty capacity and increase the capacity of alternative units to meet the out-of-service units demand
In order to solve the model, we used GAMS & Matlab software to find the optimal solutions. A hybrid priority-based Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithms (NSGA-II) and Sub-population Genetic Algorithm (SPGA- II) is provided in two phases to find the optimal solutions. The solutions are represented with a priority matrix and an Allocated vector. To compare the efficiency of two algorithms several criteria are used such as NPS, CS and HV. Several Sample problems are generated and solved that show the Sub-population Genetic Algorithm (SPGA- II) can find good solutions in a reasonable time limit.

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