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Showing 15 results for Amiri

A. Shariat Mohaymany , S.m.mahdi Amiripour,
Volume 20, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2009)

Local bus network is the most popular transit mode and the only available transit mode in the majority of cities of the world. Increasing the utility of this mode which increases its share from urban trips is an important goal for city planners. Timetable setting as the second component of bus network design problem (network route design timetable setting vehicle assignment crew assignment) have a great impact on total travel time of transit passengers. The total travel time would effect on transit utility and transit share of urban trips. One of the most important issues in timetable setting is the temporal coverage of service during the day. The coverage of demand is an objective for setting timetables which has not been well studied in the literature. In this paper a model is developed in order to maximize the temporal coverage of bus network. The model considers demand variation during the day as well as the stochastic nature of demand. A distribution function is used instead of a deterministic value for demand. The model is then implemented to an imaginary case.
Maghsoud Amiri, Mehdi Seif Barghy, Laaya Olfat, Seyed Hossein Razavi Hajiagha ,
Volume 23, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2012)

Inventory control is one of the most important issues in supply chain management. In this paper, a three-echelon production, distribution, inventory system composed of one producer, a set of wholesalers and retailers is considered. Costumers' demands can be approximated by a normal distribution and the inventory policy is a kind of continuous review (R, Q). In this paper, a model based on standard cost structure of inventory systems is developed and a heuristic algorithm is designed to optimize the developed model. The application of model is examined in a series of designed experiments that are compared with simulation results. These comparisons verify the validity of the model. Regarding to real complexities in three-echelon systems analysis, the proposed method can have a wide application in practical problems with the same considerations and assumptions. In addition, this method can be used to approximate those systems that follow a Poisson demand.
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Volume 23, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2012)

The ever severe dynamic competitive environment has led to increasing complexity of strategic decision making in giant organizations. Strategy formulation is one of basic processes in achieving long range goals. Since, in ordinary methods considering all factors and their significance in accomplishing individual goals are almost impossible. Here, a new approach based on clustering method is proposed to assist the decision makers in formulating strategies. Having extracted the internal and external factors, after setting long range goals, the factor-goal matrices are generated according to the impact rate of factors on goals. According to created matrices, clusters including goals and factors are formed. By considering individual clusters the strategies are proposed according to the current state of clusters for the organization. By applying this new method the opportunity of considering the impact of all factors and its interactions on goals are not lost. Strategy-factor and strategy-goal matrices are utilized to validate the proposed method. To show the appropriateness and practicality of our approach, particularly in an environment with a large number of interacting goals and factors, we have implemented the approach in Mahmodabad Training Center (MTC) in Iran. The resulting goal-factor, current and dated states of clusters, also, strategy-goal and strategy-factor matrices for model validation and route branch indices for finding out how the organization achieved each goal are reported.
Vorya Zarei, Iraj Mahdavi, Reza Tavakkoli-Moghaddam, Nezam Mahdavi-Amiri,
Volume 24, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2013)

The existing works considering the flow-based discount factor in the hub and spoke problems, assume that increasing the amount of flow passing through each edge of network continuously decreases the unit flow transportation cost. Although a higher volume of flow allows for using wider links and consequently cheaper transportation, but the unit of flow enjoys more discounts, quite like replacing the current link by a cheaper link type (i.e., increasing the volume of flow without changing the link type would not affects the unit flow transportation cost). Here, we take a new approach, introducing multi-level capacities to design hub and spoke networks, while alternative links with known capacities, installation costs and discount factors are available to be installed on each network edge. The flow transportation cost and link installation cost are calculated according to the type of links installed on the network edges thus, not only the correct optimum hub location and spoke allocation is determined, but also the appropriate link type to be installed on the network edges are specified. The capacitated multiple allocation p-hub median problem (CMApHMP) using the multi-level capacity approach is then formulated as a mixed-integer linear program (MILP). We also present a new MILP for the hub location problem using a similar approach in order to restrict the amount of flow transmitting through the hubs. Defining diseconomies of scale for each hub type, the model is to present congestion at the hubs and balance the transmitting flow between the hubs. Two new formulations are presented for both the p-hub median and the hub location problems which requiring a flow between two non-hub nodes to be transferred directly, when a direct link between the nodes is available. These models are useful for the general cost structure where the costs are not required to satisfy the triangular inequality. Direct links between non-hub nodes are allowed in all the proposed formulations.
Alireza Sharafi, Majid Aminnayeri, Amirhossein Amiri, Mohsen Rasouli,
Volume 24, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2013)

Identification of a real time of a change in a process, when an out-of-control signal is present is significant. This may reduce costs of defective products as well as the time of exploring and fixing the cause of defects. Another popular topic in the Statistical Process Control (SPC) is profile monitoring, where knowing the distribution of one or more quality characteristics may not be appropriate for discussing the quality of processes or products. One, rather, uses a relationship between a response variable and one or more explanatory variable for this purpose. In this paper, the concept of Maximum Likelihood Estimator (MLE) applied to estimate of the change point in binary profiles, when the type of change is drift. Simulation studies are provided to evaluate the effectiveness of the change point estimator.
Maghsoud Amiri, Mohammadreza Sadeghi, Ali Khatami Firoozabadi, Fattah Mikaeili ,
Volume 25, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2014)

The main goal in this paper is to propose an optimization model for determining the structure of a series-parallel system. Regarding the previous studies in series-parallel systems, the main contribution of this study is to expand the redundancy allocation parallel to systems that have repairable components. The considered optimization model has two objectives: maximizing the system mean time to first failure and minimizing the total cost of the system. The main constraints of the model are: maximum number of the components in the system, maximum and minimum number of components in each subsystem and total weight of the system. After establishing the optimization model, a multi objective approach of Imperialist Competitive Algorithm is proposed to solve the model.
Laya Olfat, Maghsoud Amiri, Jjahanyar Bamdad Soofi, Mostafa Ebrahimpour Azbari,
Volume 25, Issue 2 (IIJEPR 2014)

Having a comprehensive evaluation model with reliable data is useful to improve performance of supply chain. In this paper, according to the nature of supply chain, a model is presented that able to evaluate the performance of the supply chain by a network data envelopment analysis model and by using the financial, intellectual capital (knowledge base), collaboration and responsiveness factors of the supply chain. At the first step, indicators were determined and explained by explanatory Factor Analysis. Then, Network Data Envelopment Analysis (NDEA) model was used. This paper is the result of research related to supply chain of pharmaceutical companies in Tehran Stock Exchange and 115 experts and senior executives have been questioned as sample. The results showed that responsiveness latent variable had the highest correlation with supply chain performance and collaborative, financial and intellectual capital (knowledge base) latent variables were respectively after that. Four of the twenty eight supply chains which were studied obtained 1 as the highest performance rate and the lowest observed performance was 0.43.
Hamidreza Navidi, Amirhossein Amiri, Reza Kamranrad ,
Volume 25, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2014)

In this paper, a new approach based on game theory has been proposed to multi responses problem optimization. Game theory is a useful tool for decision making in the conflict of interests between intelligent players in order to select the best joint strategy for them through selecting the best joint desirability. Present research uses the game theory approach via definition of each response as each player and factors as strategies of each player. This approach cans determine the best predictor factor sets in order to obtain the best joint desirability of responses. For this aim, the signal to noise ratio(SN) index for each response have been calculated with considering the joint values of strategies then obtained SN ratios for each strategy is modeled in the game theory table. Finally, using Nash Equilibrium method, the best strategy which is the best values of predictor factors is determined. A real case and a numerical example are given to show the efficiency of the proposed method. In addition, the performance of the proposed method is compared with the VIKOR method.
Mr. Mohammad Rohaninejad, Dr. Amirhossein Amiri, Dr. Mahdi Bashiri,
Volume 26, Issue 3 (IJIEPR 2015)

This paper addresses a reliable facility location problem with considering facility capacity constraints. In reliable facility location problem some facilities may become unavailable from time to time. If a facility fails, its clients should refer to other facilities by paying the cost of retransfer to these facilities. Hence, the fail of facilities leads to disruptions in facility location decisions and this problem is an attempt to reducing the impact of these disruptions. In order to formulate the problem, a new mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model with the objective of minimizing total investment and operational costs is presented. Due to complexity of MINLP model, two different heuristic procedures based on mathematical model are developed. Finally, the performance of the proposed heuristic methods is evaluated through executive numerical example. The numerical results show that the proposed heuristic methods are efficient and provide suitable solutions.


Armaghn Shadman, Ali Bozorgi-Amiri, Donya Rahmani,
Volume 28, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2017)

Today, many companies after achieving improvements in manufacturing operations are focused on the improvement of distribution systems and have long been a strong tendency to optimize the distribution network in order to reduce logistics costs that the debate has become challenging. Improve the flow of materials, an activity considered essential to increase customer satisfaction. In this study, we benefit cross docking method for effective control of cargo flow to reduce inventory and improve customer satisfaction. Also every supply chain is faced with risks that threaten its ability to work effectively. Many of these risks are not in control but can cause great disruption and costs for the supply chain process. In this study we are looking for a model to collect and deliver the demands for the limited capacity vehicle in terms of disruption risk finally presented a compromised planning process. In fact, we propose a framework which can consider all the problems on the crisis situation for decision-making in these conditions, by preparing a mathematical model and software gams for the following situation in a case study. In the first step, the results presented in mode of a two-level planning then the problem expressed in form of a multi-objective optimization model and the results was explained.

Mojtaba Torkinejad, Iraj Mahdavi, Nezam Mahdavi-Amiri, Mirmehdi Seyed Esfahani,
Volume 28, Issue 4 (IJIEPR 2017)

Considering the high costs of the implementation and maintenance of gas distribution networks in urban areas, optimal design of such networks is vital. Today, urban gas networks are implemented within a tree structure. These networks receive gas from City Gate Stations (CGS) and deliver it to the consumers. This study presents a comprehensive model based on Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming (MINLP) for the design of urban gas networks taking into account topological limitations, gas pressure and velocity limitations and environmental limitations. An Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithm is presented for solving the problem and the results obtained by an implementation of ACO algorithm are compared with the ones obtained through an iterative method to demonstrate the efficiency of ACO algorithm. A case study of a real situation (gas distribution in Kelardasht, Iran) affirms the efficacy of the proposed approach.
Fatemeh Bayatloo, Ali Bozorgi-Amiri,
Volume 29, Issue 4 (IJIEPR 2018)

Development of every society is incumbent upon energy sector’s technological and economic effectiveness. The electricity industry is a growing and needs to have a better performance to effectively cover the demand. The industry requires a balance between cost and efficiency through careful design and planning. In this paper, a two-stage stochastic programming model is presented for the design of electricity supply chain networks. The proposed network consists of power stations, transmission lines, substations, and demand points. While minimizing costs and maximizing effectiveness of the grid, this paper seeks to determine time and location of establishing new facilities as well as capacity planning for facilities. We use chance constraint method to satisfy the uncertain demand with high probability. The proposed model is validated by a case study on Southern Khorasan Province’s power grid network, the computational results show that the reliability rate is a crucial factor which greatly effects costs and demand coverage. 
Jafar Esmaeeli, Maghsoud Amiri, Houshang Taghizadeh,
Volume 32, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2021)

So far, numerous studies have been developed to evaluate the performance of “Decision-Making Units (DMUs)” through “Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)” and “Network Data Envelopment Analysis (NDEA)” models in different places, but most of these studies have measured the performance of DMUs by efficiency criteria. The productivity is considered as a key factor in the success and development of DMUs and its evaluation is more comprehensive than efficiency evaluation. Recently, studies have been developed to evaluate the productivity of DMUs through the mentioned models but firstly, the number of these studies especially in NDEA models is scarce, and secondly, productivity in these studies is often evaluated through the “productivity indexes”. These indexes require at least two time periods and also the two important elements of efficiency and effectiveness in these studies are not significantly evident. So, the purpose of this study is to develop a new approach in the NDEA models usingMulti-Objective Programming (MOP)” method in order to measure productivity of DMUs through efficiency and effectiveness “simultaneously, in one stage, in a period, and interdependently”. “Simultaneous and single-stage” study provides the advantage of sensitivity analysis in the model. One case study demonstrates application of the proposed approach in the branches of a Bank. Using proposed approach revealed that it is possible for a branch to be efficient by considering its subdivisions separately but not be efficient by considering the conjunction between its subdivisions. In addition, a branch may be efficient by considering the conjunction between its subdivisions but not be productive. Efficient branches are not necessarily productive, but productive branches are also efficient.
Ahmad Hakimi, Hiwa Farughi, Amirhossein Amiri, Jamal Arkat,
Volume 33, Issue 1 (IJIEPR 2022)

In some statistical processes monitoring (SPM) applications, relationship between two or more ordinal factors is shown by an ordinal contingency table (OCT) and it is described by the ordinal Log-linear model (OLLM). Newton-Raphson algorithm methods have also been used to estimate the parameters of the log-linear model. In this paper, the OLLM based processes is monitored using MR and likelihood ratio test (LRT) approaches in Phase I. Some simulation studies are applied to performance evaluation of the proposed approaches in terms of probability of signal under step shifts, drifts and the presence of outliers. Results show that, by imposing the small and moderate shifts in the ordinal log-linear model parameters, the MR statistic has better performance than LRT. In addition, a real case study in dissolution testing in pharmaceutical industry is employed to show the application of the proposed control charts in Phase I.  

Vahid Razmjoei, Iraj Mahdavi, Nezam Mahdavi-Amiri, Mohammad Mahdi Paydar,
Volume 33, Issue 2 (IJIEPR 2022)

Companies and firms, nowadays, due to mounting competition and product diversity, seek to apply virtual cellular manufacturing systems to reduce production costs and improve quality of the products. In addition, as a result of rapid advancement of technology and the reduction of product life cycle, production systems have turned towards dynamic production environments. Dynamic cellular manufacturing environments examine multi-period planning horizon, with changing demands for the periods. A dynamic virtual cellular manufacturing system is a new production approach to help manufacturers for decision making. Here, due to variability of demand rates in different periods, which turns to flow variability, a mathematical model is presented for dynamic production planning. In this model, we consider virtual cell production conditions and worker flexibility, so that a proper relationship between capital and production parameters (part-machine-worker) is determined by the minimum lost sales of products to customers, a minimal inventory cost, along with a minimal material handling cost. The problems based on the proposed model are solved using LINGO, as well as an epsilon constraint algorithm.

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