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Showing 22 results for Subject: Productivity Improvement

Kafa Al Nawaiseh, Abdullah Al Khatib, Fayiz Sharari, Victor Soultanian, Al’a Jaradat,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (10-2024)
Abstract

The world today gives much importance to human resource management which is viewed as the gate towards effective performance. In this respect, the application of intelligent human resources management increases the effectiveness of HRM and brings about effective performance. Given the importance of this topic, this study sought to evaluate the future direction of intelligent human resources management applications in employee performance measurement and data analysis in the industrial sector in Jordan. It specifically evaluated the effect of intelligent human resources management applications (recruitment and talent acquisition, learning and development, benefits and incentives, workforce planning and improvement) on measuring the performance of employees and analyzing data in the Jordanian industrial sector. This research used the descriptive-inferential method (Inductive Descriptive Methodology). The population included all employees in the supervisory authorities of the 33 industrial companies listed on the ASE, while the sample includes 146 participants. This research found that human resources management applications directly affect measuring the performance of employees and analyzing data in the Jordanian industrial sector. The novelty of this research is that, unlike the previous studies like Al-Wakeel and Ibraheem (2020) and Wang (2024) that were applied to samples from different countries other than Jordan, it specifically addresses the effect of HRM practices on measuring the performance of employees and analyzing data in the Jordanian industrial sector. This research provides the Industrial Sector in Jordan with the necessary knowledge of the future directions of intelligent human management. Adopting intelligent human resource management is deemed important for the Jordanian industrial sector.  It is very important to carry out this research to highlight the effect of human resources management applications on measuring the performance of employees and analyzing data in the Jordanian industrial sector.

Mehrdad Jalali Sepehr, Abdorrahman Haeri, Rouzbeh Ghousi,
Volume 30, Issue 4 (12-2019)
Abstract

Abstract
Background: In this paper healthcare condition of 31 countries that are the members of Organization for Economic and Co-operative Development (OECD) is measured by considering 14 indicators that are relevant to three main pillars of sustainable development.
Method: To estimate the efficiency scores, Principle Component Analysis-Data Envelopment Analysis PCA-DEA additive model in both forms of envelopment and multiplier is used to determine efficiency scores and also to define benchmarks and improvement plan for the inefficient countries. Then Decision Tree Analysis is also used to realize that which factors were the most influential ones to make a county an efficient Decision Making Unit (DMU).
Results: According to the PCA-DEA additive model, among 31 OECD countries, 16 countries have become inefficient, that USA have taken the lowest efficiency score, and among efficient countries Iceland could be considered as a paragon which has the highest frequency between the countries that are defined as the benchmarks. Decision tree analysis also show that exposure to PM2.5 is an influential factor on the efficiency status of countries.
Conclusion: This research gives an insight about the sustainable development and healthcare system and show the impressive effect of environmental and social factors like: exposure to PM2.5 and water quality, population insurance coverage, and AIDS on the healthcare efficiency of OECD countries
Iryna Bashynska, V Biskup, O Kuz’kin, L Hryzovska, G Shapoval,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (11-2020)
Abstract

This paper aims to conduct a sociological survey and the results of the formation of theoretical and methodological principles and practical recommendations for improving management decisions in urban passenger transport. We use the analytical economic methodology to analyse the transport industry of Ukraine; to investigate the theoretical and methodological principles of the compensation policy formation in urban public transport. We use expert evaluation methods to check the relevant factors while deciding to use or not use public transport. This study has proved that when making management decisions, it is necessary to take into account both the opinion of users and the opinion of experts; none of these opinions should prevail over the other, and therefore decisions should be made based on a balanced assessment. The authors identified 18 factors that have the most significant influence when deciding on the use of passenger transport; conducted a study twice on the importance of each factor, highlighted the impact of each of them. The authors also proposed theoretical and methodological developments that can be used to improve compensation policy in the field of passenger transportation. With this article, we show that when researching, it is necessary to take into account both the opinion of direct participants and experts in this industry it is this tandem that will allow developing the most relevant recommendations for making managerial decisions
Popadynets Nazariy, Bondarenko Viktoria, Dovba Ivanna, Fedurtsia Vasyl,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (11-2020)
Abstract

The problems of efficient use of natural resources capacity in conditions of administrative and territorial reform affect the local level in the first place, in particular due to the fact that most communities do not have information about what resources they possess and how to use them properly for the development of Consolidated Territorial Communities (CTCs). The paper provides the calculations of integral index of CTCs’ natural resources capacity, which includes a certain group of sub-indices, namely the budget efficiency of the use of natural resources capacity; concentration of natural resources; provision of population with resources; rent payment. The analysis of the use of natural resources capacity to fill a CTC’s budget is conducted; concentration of natural resources at a CTC’s territory is determined; provision of a CTC’s population with natural resources is calculated; main aspects of rent payment that provides most revenues to local budgets are researched; the reserves of increase of communities’ natural resources capacity are revealed. The fact that community residents’ participation in control of the use of natural resources at their territory is essential for the community’s development is established.
Oleksandr Sokhatskyi, Oleksandr Dluhopolskyi, Roman Movchan, Olena Taranukha,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (11-2020)
Abstract

The article examines the impact of the dynamics of military expenditures, public debt, arms exports on the economic growth of the six countries (US, China, Russia, Israel, Ukraine, Moldova). The paper empirically tested the hypothesis of the possibility of further maintaining the positive macroeconomic effects in the process of confronting and persistent ‘hybrid’ military conflicts in either ‘hot’ or ‘frozen’ phases. The model characterizes the effects of factors and their change over time as well as features of the aggregate and the specificity of the development of individual objects. This allowed us to construct an object-dynamic regression model to determine the dependence of the development of national economies, namely GDP growth rates, for countries in a state of ‘hybrid’ war. The definition of these dependencies provides the opportunity to make recommendations on the use of adequate models of forecasting military expenditure for the country, which aims to achieve the goals of sustainable development under the increasing military threats.
Nataliia Demchuk, Iuliia Masiuk2, Anastasiia Donskykh, Iryna Kadyrus,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (11-2020)
Abstract

The aim of the study is to develop theoretical and methodological foundations, scientific and practical recommendations for improving the management and evaluation of public debt in Ukraine. The methodological foundations of the study are a systematic approach to the analysis of the relationship of financial phenomena and processes, creative reflection on the works of Ukrainian and foreign scientists on public debt, and its role in the context of macro-financial stabilization. Specific scientific theoretical and applied developments by the applicant were obtained using the following methods: graphical financial analysis (for studying the tendencies of debt formation); statistical-economic (to identify the impact of public debt on socio-economic processes); economic-mathematical modeling (to determine the relationship between public debt and macroeconomic indicators). On the basis of the research, it was revealed that the selected macroeconomic indicators have a significant impact on the government debt, and there are difficulties in coordinating international, regional economic integration or creating a broad separation based on stable international competitiveness. In order to test the impact of some macroeconomic indicators on the size of public debt, the World Bank's economic indicators have been taken as the main material for research. The analyzed period of time is 2001-2017 years.
The recommendations provided in this article will contribute to the development of public debt management and the associated increase in the living standards of the country's population. Based on the analysis conducted, there are every reason to assert that effective management of public debt can contribute to the development of the national economy. The scientific novelty of the study is to determine the impact of some macroeconomic indicators on public debt management at the current stage of Ukraine's development.
Nataliia Kholiavko, Tetiana Chekhovych, Oleksii Mirshuk, Viktoriia Vovk,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (11-2020)
Abstract

In the era of digitization and globalization, national higher education systems face a number of challenges of the exogenous nature. Intensification of the competition in the educational services market necessitates the search for new ways of increasing the level of the competitiveness of universities and higher education systems as a whole. Development of theoretical, methodological and applied foundations of the formation and implementation of the integrated model of the competitive higher education becomes relevant. Application of the interdisciplinary approach to the research allows combining tools and techniques of different sciences. Economic, psycho-pedagogical, legal and managerial blocks are structural components of the proposed model of the competitive higher education. The effective implementation of such a model requires the involvement of a wide range of stakeholders and the impact of changing factors in the exogenous environment. Successful implementation of the model requires the existence of a developed regulatory framework harmonized with the provisions of the EU legislation. Practical implementation of the model concept proposed in this article will increase the competitiveness of the national higher education system in a highly competitive global scientific and educational area.
S Spivakovskyy, Valentyna Slipchuk, O Svyrydenko, S Perova, O Krysalo ,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (11-2020)
Abstract

Online learning is becoming an increasingly popular request. Many universities are moving fully or partially to this form of study. In the article, the authors considered what is virtual space, what are its criteria, as well as applicability for teaching students and passing research practices. Based on an analysis of existing virtual spaces (platforms), an experiment was conducted. The study showed that in real enterprises social skills develop better, while professional ones are worse; with the complete replacement of actual practice with virtual, social skills (such as teamwork, interpersonal communication, conflict resolution) practically do not develop. When introducing an external curator and uniting students into small groups (2-3 people) for a complex task fulfilment, it allowed strengthening the advantages of virtual practice in terms of developing professional competencies and to level its shortcomings, adding more "reality" The experiment showed that a virtual platform could be an alternative to passing research practice for students. Still, it must be corrected both at the beginning (for certain specialities of student training) and after a particular time. The main reasons that impede the development of the creation of both virtual spaces and the process of "virtualisation" of science as a whole are considered.
Viktoriia Vovk, Yuliia Zhezherun, Olena Bilovodska, Vitalina Babenko , Alevtyna Biriukova,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (11-2020)
Abstract

The article examines foreign and domestic experience in organizing financial monitoring systems, systematizes the requirements for its implementation in Ukraine. The basic legal norms, enshrined in the joint directives of the European Parliament and of the Council of the EU, and underlying the national financial monitoring systems of the EU countries and Ukraine have been also analyzed. Taking into account the fact that the risk-based approach is the main basis for the effective implementation of all FATF recommendations, the nature of the risk of money laundering / financing of terrorism and the criteria for their assessment have been investigated. A scheme of improving the process of financial monitoring in a bank has been developed, as well as a number of measures have been proposed to raise the level of adhering to the legislation in the field of anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing by the banking sector.
Hessam Nedaei, Seyed Gholamreza Jalali Naini, Ahmad Makui,
Volume 32, Issue 1 (1-2021)
Abstract

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) measures the relative efficiency of decision-making units (DMU) with multiple inputs and multiple outputs. In the case of considering a working team as a DMU, it often comprises multiple positions with several employees. However, there is no method to measure the efficiency of employees individually taking account the effect of teammates. This paper presents a model to measure the efficiency of employees in a way that they are fairly evaluated regarding their teammates’ relative performances. Moreover, the learning expectations and the effect of learning lost due to operation breaks are incorporated into the DEA model. This model is thus able to rank the employees working in each position that can then be utilized within award systems. The capabilities of the proposed model are then explored by a case study of 20 wells with 160 distinct operations in the South Pars gas field, which is the first application of DEA in the oil and gas wells drilling performance analysis.
 
Amol Dalavi,
Volume 33, Issue 4 (12-2022)
Abstract

Several industrial products such as moulds, dies, engine block, automotive parts, etc., require machining of a large number of holes. Similarly, applications like boiler plates, food-business processing separator's, printed circuit boards, drum and trammel screens, etc., consist of a matrix of a large number of holes. Many machining operations, such as drilling, enlargement, tapping, or reaming, are needed to achieve the final sizes of individual holes, resulting in a variety of possible sequences to complete the hole-making operations. The major issue involved in hole-making operations is the tool travel time. It is often vital to determine the optimal sequence of operations so that the overall processing cost of hole-making operations can be minimized. In this work, thus an attempt is made to minimize the total tool travel of hole-making operations by using a relatively new optimization algorithm known as modified shuffled frog leaping for the determination of the optimal sequence of operations. Modification is made in the present shuffled frog-leaping algorithm by using three parameters with their positive values in order to widen the search capability of the existing algorithm. This paper considers three case studies of a rectangular matrix of holes to explain the proposed procedure. The outcomes of optimization with a modified shuffled frog-leaping algorithm are compared to those obtained with the genetic algorithm and the ant colony algorithm. Additionally, the higher dimensional problem of 20 x 20 rectangular matrix of holes is considered in this work. 
Mohamad Ariffin Abu Bakar, Ahmad Termimi Ab Ghani,
Volume 33, Issue 4 (12-2022)
Abstract

This is a systematic literature review that discusses the contribution of fuzzy analytic (FA) and multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods in classroom assessment. Due to lack of knowledge and not being exposed to the importance and benefits of using computational intelligence approaches such as FA and MCDM, not many educators apply such methods. The issue of how it operates is also the cause of educators still adopting conventional assessment methods. Classroom assessment involves the orientation of data in the form of divergent, multiple, fuzzy, and in terms of relation, so a more efficient approach of assessment is through modern mathematical methods and soft computing techniques as suggested by experts. This practical gap needs to be refined by providing a clear picture to educators about FA and MCDM as alternative assessment methods. Therefore, based on the PRISMA model, this systematic literature review is implemented to expose educators to the contribution of FA and MCDM in classroom assessment and conceptualize how to operate the method more easily and simply. Starting with article searches in several databases such as Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and Elsevier using only specified keywords, 21 articles were selected for discussion after going through the steps of Identification, Screening, Eligibility and Included. Based on the findings, some aspects of assessment are very significant to be implemented using FA and MCDM, appropriate, more practical and show a meaningful contribution to classroom assessment. The conceptual model of the operation of FA and MCDM based on a summary of the workflow of selected studies can also help educators get insights and ideas to implement this alternative assessment method. This paper can prove that the computational intelligence approach greatly contributes to classroom assessment and if there are initiatives and facilitation implemented, surely educators can take advantage to strengthen the management and assessment of the classroom.
 
Ayunda Anisa Soleha, Yulial Hikmah,
Volume 33, Issue 4 (12-2022)
Abstract

One of the problems faced by insurance companies, especially for the business class that has a long tail, is the length of the claim settlement period until the claim is paid off because there are procedures that must be carried out, such as analyzing and justifying the claims submitted. The claims that are still in the process are divided into two, namely claims that reported but have not been settled (RBNS) and claims that incurred but have not been reported (IBNR). One method that is often used in estimating claim reserves is the Chain Ladder Method. However, this method is only able to estimate the IBNR claim reserve. In 2012, Martinez-Miranda, Nielsen, and Verrall developed a method that can generate predictions of claim reserves for IBNR and RBNS separately, namely the Double Chain Ladder method. This study aims to calculate the estimated reserves for claim using Double Chain Ladder (DCL) method. From the calculation results, it is found that the Double Chain Ladder (DCL) method can estimate the IBNR and RBNS claim reserves clearly and separately with a total estimated RBNS claim reserve is 101.492,792 (in million rupiahs) and the estimated IBNR claim reserve is 29.172,880 (in million rupiahs).
 
Adisak Suvittawat,
Volume 33, Issue 4 (12-2022)
Abstract

Floating markets are not only a unique type of market but also sustainable tourist attractions. The literature focuses on both of floating market Covid-19 preventive measures and tourist’ satisfaction dimensions. The study is using quantitative research by concentrated on the tourist’s satisfaction of an anonymous Floating Market in Nakhon Pathom province. The research concentrated on the floating market Covid-19 preventive measures and the tourists’ satisfaction. The visitors certainly got great enjoyment from the floating market and this resulted in overall good experience for them better than most of them expected. The most important of Covid-19 preventive measures factors for the tourists were the provide clear entry, exit routes and screening point, merchants and customers always wear masks and provide hand washing points. The tourism component clearly overshadowed the destination shopping experience. The close proximity of the market to Bangkok contributes to the success of this market and the perceived satisfaction of the tourists
 
Nawar Muneer J. Algthami, Nazimah Hussin,
Volume 34, Issue 1 (3-2023)
Abstract

The problem of family businesses in Saudi Arabia is noteworthy due to the large scope of family enterprises in Arab countries. Most organizations established in the Arab world are either state-owned or family owned. Many of these companies were formed by forefathering merchant families that dealt in vital ports along the Gulf and Red Sea coastlines. The current study's primary aim was to determine the challenges and benefits of family business success in Saudi Arabia. The purpose is to discover relevant literature on this critical issue to understand the barriers to the growing family businesses in Saudi Arabia and the potential advantages of family enterprises to the country's economy. The current study used the PRISMA statement 2020 to include and exclude records from the well-known databases Scopus and Web of Science to include high-quality documents. Additionally, the documents were examined via content analysis to determine the classifications of the study. VOS Viewer software analyzes the published literature' content—data clusters created on the text established to group the related ideas. The results indicate that three main themes were identified during the key term's occurrence research: entrepreneurship, family business, and performance. The findings of the study shows that family businesses are an essential aspect of the Saudi economy, contributing heavily to it. Such firms have lately received attention because of their critical role and contribution to job creation and employment, as well as the promotion and encouragement of entrepreneurship in their operations. Furthermore, results showed that it is commonly accepted that the involvement of a family in the business differentiates the family business. It is recommended that family companies be distinguished by their behaviour, which is based on the firm's objective, vision, and mission.
 
Mohd Hafizul Ismail, Nurashikin Saaludin, Basyirah Che Mat, Siti Nur Dina Haji Mohd Ali,
Volume 34, Issue 1 (3-2023)
Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic forced Malaysian Higher Education Institutions to pursue online and distance learning. This study aimed to gain insight into the pre-university students’ acceptance and intention to use the Microsoft Teams (MS Teams) application for online learning platforms during the pandemic. This group of students was chosen because they had just finished high school and their transition from the school system to the university system with online learning will pose many difficulties. The theoretical framework for this study was developed using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) with additional facilitating conditions and computer self-efficacy as the external elements. The participants were 180 pre-university students from Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Information Technology who had experience using MS Teams during their first semester. With SPSS, the predictive factors on the acceptance of students toward online learning have been explained. The findings also indicate that the proposed TAM-based scale successfully explained the factors predicting intention to use MS Teams during the pandemic. The findings assist researchers and practitioners in developing a more comprehensive view of pre-university students’ acceptance and intention to use MS Teams. Finally, several recommendations have been made, including the implications and limitations of the study at the end of this paper to reference future research.
 
Laila Refiana Said, Zainal Arifin, Meldasari Said,
Volume 34, Issue 2 (6-2023)
Abstract

Numerous studies have examined the increasing number of virtual team communication usage, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. However, little research has been conducted on the factors affecting its effectiveness in improving task performance, seeing the virtual team's rapid development today. Therefore, this study examines the effect of direct and indirect employee preferences and organizational support on task performance through virtual teamwork communication. The research method used was a survey of 156 employees in the fields of education, telecommunications, transportation, and health in Banjarmasin city, who work from home, interact with colleagues who also work from home, and with colleagues who work in the office. The analysis was carried out using path analysis. The results showed that employee preferences and organizational support directly affected task performance. Virtual team communication can mediate the influence of employee preferences and organizational support on task performance. The research implies that virtual team communication that runs well can improve work performance. Therefore, it requires collaborative support, both from individuals and the organization.
 
Nurhayati Kamarudin, Mohammed Hariri Bakri, Nurul Zarirah Nizam, Amizatulhawa Mat Sani, Afif Zuhri Muhammad Khodri Harahap,
Volume 34, Issue 2 (6-2023)
Abstract

Leadership is an important factor in the social relationships of line in the workplace. Consider as the main factor that affects and forms group behavior in every organization known since the time of ancient. Practically, it involves employees who appreciate the feeling of a strong commitment to accomplishing organizational goals and long-term objectives inside the company. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of micromanagement leadership style on employee perception on job satisfaction in the manufacturing industry at Malacca. Thus, leadership styles can fortunately, influence or greatly affect job satisfaction in workplace performance. Micromanagement leadership style has comparatively more negative effects on an employee’s behavior and commitment towards the effort in the workplace. This creates a sense of perceived stress managing to behave in an ineffective approach. A descriptive study was used to understand employee perceptions of micromanage leadership styles that affect job satisfaction. A total of 97 respondents among manager level from the Malacca state of Malaysia’s manufacturing industry was collected with the level of manager’s range 27 to 55 years of age. Situational leadership theory conducted this study to discover how a micromanaged leadership style influences employee perception that impacts an employee’s job satisfaction. The primary research question focused on positive and negative employee perceptions related to managers’ leadership behaviors and attributes. The study found that employee perception by micromanaging leadership style affects an employee’s job satisfaction with the correlation coefficient between overall job satisfaction and main factors for job satisfaction recognition at work and personal growth were (0.79) and (0.85) respectively. There were statistically significant differences in age group, working experience and position (P<0.05). The result showed Cronbach alpha 0.708 internal consistency acceptable affect the variables. Micromanagement had reduced productivity, lower morality, loss of trust, less teamwork involvement, less personal growth and reduced innovation. Therefore, consideration of an employee's knowledge, skills, experience, attitude, and motivation is essential for job satisfaction to enhance high productivity and efficiency.
 
Atallah Alsharah,
Volume 34, Issue 4 (12-2023)
Abstract

In developing countries, Human Resources (HR) is considered one of the most important factors that lead to the improvement and successful organization of employee performance. Human Resources Management (HRM) practices play an effective role in this performance, as this is evident through the impact of talent management on HRM practices, which leads to increasing and improving the production process for employees and making them possess high quality. Given the importance of this topic, the current study aims to determine the impact of the moderating role of Talent Management (TM) on HRM practices, which include good training, recruitment, performance evaluation, and remuneration system, on the institutional performance (IP) of Jordanian pharmaceutical companies. The study population includes employees of 13 pharmaceutical companies listed on the Amman Stock Exchange in Jordan. A random sample of 250 employees was taken. An electronic questionnaire was sent to the employees via e-mail. The 216 valid questionnaires were found, and the response rate was 86%. Two approaches, descriptive and analytical, were used due to their suitability to the nature of this work. The results obtained indicated that there is a significant positive impact of HRM practices (recruitment, training, performance evaluation, and remuneration system) on IP in Jordanian pharmaceutical companies. In addition, it was found that there is a positive impact of the moderating role of TM on the relationship between HRM practices and IP in these companies. Our study recommends that HRM practices can be used as strategic tools to align with long-term goals, invest in high-potential employees, provide performance growth opportunities, and create a collaborative work environment.
 
Renny Rochani, Wahyudi Sutopo, Satrio Fachri Chaniago,
Volume 35, Issue 1 (3-2024)
Abstract

Electric motorcycles (EM) are promising solutions for eco-friendly vehicles, but there are some dilemmas caused by the fossil-based energy used for charging and the limited charging infrastructure. This article proposes solving these dilemmas by designing a Solar-Powered Mobile Battery Swap Charging Station (MBSCS) for EM infrastructure. MBSCS will integrate solar power plants as a sustainable energy source and using battery swap system to accommodate EM. Design thinking methodology is used to develop the initial design of MBSCS and technical indicator assessment through focus group discussions with expert panelists. Simulations are conducted using PVSyst software to evaluate various system variants defined according to the selected components. The results of this study provide the MBSCS initial design, technical indicators to assess the MBSCS system, simulation results, and optimal system variant configuration. The findings of this study will mainly contribute to a solution for EM challenges and offer an environmentally friendly charging infrastructure. This study is expected to serve as an alternative solution for future mobile charging stations designed to answer the limited charging infrastructure as well as to demonstrate the potential use of portable solar power plant to overcome dependence on fossil-based energy.


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