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Showing 2 results for Protection Coordination

A. S. Hoshyarzadeh, B. Zaker, A. A. Khodadoost Arani, G. B. Gharehpetian,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (9-2018)

Recently, smart grids have been considered as one of the vital elements in upgrading current power systems to a system with more reliability and efficiency. Distributed generation is necessary for most of these new networks. Indeed, in all cases that DGs are used in distribution systems, protection coordination failures may occur in multiple configurations of smart grids using DGs. In different configurations, there are various fault currents that can lead to protection failure. In this study, an optimal DG locating and Thyristor-Controlled Impedance (TCI) sizing of resistive, inductive, and capacitive type is proposed for distribution systems to prevent considerable changes in fault currents due to different modes of the smart grid. This problem is nonlinear constrained programming (NLP) and the genetic algorithm is utilized for the optimization. This optimization is applied to the IEEE 33-bus and IEEE 69-bus standard distribution systems. Optimum DG location and TCI sizing has carried out in steady fault currents in the grid-connected mode of these practical networks. Simulation results verify that the proposed method is effective for minimizing the protection coordination failure in such distribution networks.

Hamid Salarvand, Meysam Doostizadeh, Farhad Namdari,
Volume 18, Issue 4 (12-2022)

Owing to the portability and flexibility of mobile energy storage systems (MESSs), they seem to be a promising solution to improve the resilience of the distribution system (DS). So, this paper presents a rolling optimization mechanism for dispatching MESSs and other resources in microgrids in case of a natural disaster occurrence. The proposed mechanism aims to minimize the total system cost based on the updated information of the status of the DS and transportation network (TN). In addition, the characteristics of the protection system in DS (i.e., relays with fixed protection settings), the constraints related to the protection coordination are examined under pre- and post-event conditions. The coordinated scheduling at each time step is formulated as a two-stage stochastic mixed-integer linear program (MILP) with temporal-spatial and operation constraints. The proposed model is carried out on the Sioux Falls TN and the IEEE 33-bus test system. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of MESS mobility in enhancing DS resilience due to the coordination of mobile and stationary resources.

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