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R. Ghazi, A. Khajeh,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (9-2013)

Nowadays, the doubly-fed induction generators (DFIGs) based wind turbines (WTs) are the dominant type of WTs connected to grid. Traditionally the back-to-back converters are used to control the DFIGs. In this paper, an Indirect Matrix Converter (IMC) is proposed to control the generator. Compared with back-to-back converters, IMCs have numerous advantages such as: higher level of robustness, reliability, reduced size and weight due to the absence of bulky electrolytic capacitor. According to the recent grid codes it is required that wind turbines remain connected to the grid during grid faults and following voltage dips. This feature is called low voltage ride-through (LVRT) capability. In this paper the linear quadratic regulator (LQR) controller is used for optimal control of the DFIG. The weighting matrices of the LQR are obtained using the genetic algorithm (GA) technique. With the LQR controller the intention is to improve the LVRT capability of the DFIG wind turbines to satisfy the new LVRT requirements. Compared to the PI controller, the superiority of the LQR controller in improving the transient stability and LVRT performance of the DFIG wind turbines is evident. Simulation results confirm the efficiency of the proposed controller.

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