## Search published articles

Showing 18 results for Finite Element Method

F. Faghihi , H. Heydari,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (3-2010)
Abstract

Stray magnetic field is one of the main issues in design of transformers, since it causes non-ideal behavior of transformers. One of the techniques is usually adopted to mitigate the unwanted stray magnetic field is the use of auxiliary windings creating a magnetic field opposite to the incident one giving rise to the reduction of the total magnetic fields. This paper presents a new mathematical proof for optimized parameters such as connection resistance and leakage inductance of the auxiliary windings based on state equations. Some numerical examples for various types of practical transformers are given to demonstrate the validity of the presented mathematical proof and a comparison is made with the results of transformers behavior which is obtained with the help of finite element method. The proposed method is successfully implemented on three different types of transformers: current injection transformer, pulse transformer and superconductor transformers.
A. Ebadi, M. Mirzaie, S. A. Gholamian,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

Induction motor is the most popular load in the industry, it is very important to study about the effects of voltage quality on induction motor performance. One of the most important voltage quality problems in power system is voltage unbalance. This paper evaluates and compares two methods including finite element method (FEM) and equivalent electrical circuit simulation for investigation of the effects of voltage unbalance conditions on the performance of a three- phase induction motor. For this purpose, a threephase squirrel cage induction motor is simulated using Finite Element Method and equivalent electrical circuit parameters of the FEM model is estimated by genetic algorithm. Then, some unbalanced voltages are applied on the FEM model of the Motor and the resulted power and losses are compared with calculated values using equivalent electrical circuit simulation in same voltage conditions.
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2013)
Abstract

Insulator strings with several material and profiles are very common in overhead transmission lines. However, the electric field and voltage distribution of insulator string is uneven which may easily lead to corona, insulatorsâ€™ surface deterioration and even flashover. So the calculation of the electric field and voltage distribution along them is a very important factor in the operation time. Besides, no remarkable endeavor regarding insulator material and profile and their impacts upon the electric field and voltage distribution has been made so far. In this paper several 230-kV insulator strings with different porcelain and glass units were simulated using 3-D FEM based software, and their electric fields and voltage distributions were calculated and compared together, to investigate the effect of insulator types on these quantities. Tower and conductors were included in all simulations and also the effect of corona ring on voltage and electric field distribution over insulator strings with different insulator types was investigated. Reported results show the dependency of voltage distribution to insulator material and profile.
S. M. Mirimani, A. Vahedi, M. R. Ghazanchaei, A. Baktash,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (6-2013)
Abstract

Hysteresis motor is self-starting synchronous motor that uses the hysteresis characteristics of magnetic materials to make torque. There are different methods to model this kind of motor and take into account the magnetic hysteresis characteristic of the rotor hysteresis ring. In this investigation the application of complex permeability concept is implemented to model the hysteresis loop and the hysteresis loop in inclined ellipse shape is adopted. To the best knowledge of the authors, this has not been studied before. Based on this concept, simulation of hysteresis motor in conventional configuration is done in order to obtain the output values of motor using 3D Finite Element Model (FEM). This 3D finite element model has high level accuracy and gives better insight of motor performance. Meanwhile, in order to validate the simulation results an experimental set up is provided and the output values of typical motor are measured. It is shown that there is a good agreement between experimental and simulation results. i, Abolfazl Vahedi, , r, avahedi@iust.ac.ir(Corresponding author), ,
S. R. Mousavi-Aghdam, M. R. Feyzi,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (9-2014)
Abstract

This paper considers a new switched reluctance motor (SRM) structure aiming at high starting torque with low volume. For some applications such as EVs (Electrical Vehicles), the motor volume and starting torque is a critical point in its design. In many methods, reducing the motor volume causes reduction in starting torque and decreases the motor efficiency. Unlike conventional SRMs, the rotor pole is skewed in the proposed structure along the motor axis. An approximated two-dimensional finite element method (FEM) is used to speed up computational time and some comparisons with three-dimensional FEM are considered for more reliability. Final results show the efficiency of the proposed structure.
H. Fallah Khoshkar, A. Doroudi, M. Mohebbi,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2014)
Abstract

This paper studies the effects of symmetrical voltage sags on the operational characteristics of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) by Finite Element Method (FEM). Voltage sags may cause high torque pulsations which can damage the shaft or equipment connected to the motor. By recognizing the critical voltage sags, sags that produce hazardous torque variations could be prevented. Simulations results will be provided and the critical voltage sags are recognized. A simple theoretical analysis will also be presented to obtain a qualitative understanding of the phenomena occurring in PMSM during symmetrical voltage sags
H. A. Lari, A. Kiyoumarsi, A. Darijani, B. Mirzaeian Dehkordi, S. M. Madani,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2014)
Abstract

In Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) the reduction of cogging torque is one of the most important problems in their performance and evaluation. In this paper, at first, a direct-drive vertical-axis wind turbine is chosen. According to its nominal value operational point, necessary parameters for the generator is extracted. Due to an analytical method, four generators with different pole-slot combinations are designed. Average torque, torque ripple and cogging torque are evaluated based on finite element method. The combination with best performance is chosen and with the analysis of variation of effective parameters on cogging torque, and introducing a useful method, an improved design of the PMSG with lowest cogging torque and maximum average torque is obtained. The results show a proper performance and a correctness of the proposed method.
R Ilka, Y Alinejad-Beromi, H Yaghobi,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (12-2015)
Abstract

Among all types of electrical motors, permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) are reliable and efficient motors in industrial applications. Because of their superiority over other kinds of motors, they are replacing conventional electric motors. On the other hand, high-phase PMSMs are good candidates to be used in certain industrial and military projects such as electric vehicles, spacecrafts, naval systems and etc. In these cases, the motor has to be designed with minimum volume and high torque and efficiency. Design optimization can improve their features noticeably, thus reduce volume and enhance performance of motors. In this paper, a new method for optimum design of a five-phase surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous motor is presented to achieve minimum permanent magnets (PMs) volume with an increased torque and efficiency. Design optimization is performed in search for optimum dimensions of the motor and its permanent magnets using Bees Algorithm (BA). The design optimization results in a motor with great improvement regarding the original motor which is compared with two well-known evolutionary algorithms i.e. GA and PSO. Finally, finite element method simulation is utilized to validate the accuracy of the design.

Mr Y Ebrahimi, Prof M.r Feyzi,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (12-2015)
Abstract

A novel structure of switched reluctance motors (SRMs) is proposed. The proposed structure uses the benefits of the axial flux path, short flux path, segmental rotor, and flux reversal free stator motors all together to improve the torque density of the SRMs. The main geometrical, electrical and physical specifications are presented. In addition, some features of the proposed structure are compared with those of a state-of-the-art radial flux SRM, considered as a reference motor. Then, the proposed structure is modified by employing a higher number of rotor segments than the stator modules and at the same time, reshaped stator modules tips. Achieved results reveal that, compared with the reference motor, the proposed and the modified proposed motors deliver about the same torque with 36.5% and 46.7% lower active material mass, respectively. The efficiency and torque production capability for the extended current densities are also retained. These make the proposed structures a potentially proper candidate for the electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) as an in-wheel motor.

S. R. Mousavi-Aghdam, M. R. Feyzi, N. Bianchi,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (3-2017)
Abstract

This paper presents analysis and comparative study of a novel high-torque three-phase switched reluctance motor (SRM) with magnetically isolated stator segments. In the proposed SRM, each segment has a concentric winding located on the center body of it and two diametrically opposite windings which form the motor phase. There are four salient poles in the stator segment. Two of them share their flux path in the center body of the segment. The rotor has a solid structure including twenty two salient poles. In this unique SRM, stator segments topology, number of the stator segments poles and the rotor poles, and angular distance of the stator segments are selected so that the motor properly operates in both directions. Two-phase design with different pole combination is also possible. During operation, there are short flux paths along two adjacent rotor poles and excited segment poles. Therefore, the proposed SRM has all benefits of the short flux path structures. The principle and fundamentals of the proposed SRM design are detailed in the paper. The motor is analysed using finite element method (FEM) and some comparisons are reasonably carried out with other SRM configurations. Finally, a prototype motor is built and experimental results validate the performance predictions in the proposed motor.

M. E. Moazzen, S. A. Gholamian, M. Jafari-Nokandi,
Volume 13, Issue 2 (6-2017)
Abstract

Permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG) have a huge potential for direct-drive wind power applications. Therefore, optimal design of these generators is necessary to maximize their efficiency and to reduce their manufacturing cost and total volume. In this paper, an optimal design of a six-phase 3.5 KW direct-drive PMSG to generate electricity for domestic needs is performed. The aim of optimal design is to reduce the manufacturing cost, losses and total volume of PMSG. To find the best design, single/multi-objective design optimization is carried out. Cuckoo optimization algorithm (COA) is adopted to solve the optimization problem. Comparison between the results of the single-objective and multi-objective models shows that simultaneous optimization of manufacturing cost, losses and total volume leads to more suitable design for PMSG. Finally, finite-element method (FEM) is employed to validate the optimal design, which show a good agreement between the theoretical work and simulation results.

V. Abbasi, L. Hassanvand, A. Gholami,
Volume 13, Issue 3 (9-2017)
Abstract

Specific and sensitive operation of circuit breakers makes an individual position for them in power networks. Circuit breakers are at the central gravity of variations and execution operations. Therefore, an optimum operation is the main reason to investigate about new gases to be used in MV and HV circuit breakers instead of SF6. The arc process has enormous complexity because of hydrodynamic and electromagnetic combination equations, and that is the exact reason why most of the previous simulations were processed in two-dimension analysis. But, in this paper a three-dimension simulation with sufficient results has been fully discussed. Different evaluations on the other gases have taken under study in order to find a suitable substitute instead of SF6 gas, which can also bring an optimum operation for the breakers and can be even friendly with the environment. The simulations have been carried out based on the finite element method (FEM) and magneto-hydrodynamic equations. A three-dimension model under the transient state has been chosen in the simulations to find a feasible substitute for SF6 gas. The main factors of the analysis are threefold as follows: arc temperature on the different regions, the cooling ability and arc resistance. CO2, CF3I and N2 are nominated to substitute the SF6 gas and their effects on cooling ability, nozzle evaporation, contacts erosion and arc resistance will be discussed.

F. Mahmouditabar, A. Vahedi, P. Ojaghlu,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (3-2018)
Abstract

Permanent magnet motors have been considered for a variety of applications due to their features such as high power density and high efficiency. One of the issues that should be investigated in the design of these motors is the demagnetization problem. Usually, the demagnetization analysis is carried out in a steady state, while demagnetization effect in dynamic condition is more considerable due to pulse shaped of armature field. Based on this fact, in this paper, dynamic demagnetization is investigated for an IPM Vâ€‘shaped magnet. This study has been done for two types of magnet, each one in static & dynamic conditions and the results are compared. Moreover, the effect of flux weakening regime on demagnetization is investigated.

S. Hajiaghasi, Z. Rafiee, A. Salemnia, T. Soleymani Aghdam,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (9-2019)
Abstract

Since the insulators of transmission lines are exposed to different environmental conditions, it is important task to study insulators performance under different conditions. In this paper, silicone rubber insulators performance under different environmental conditions including rainy, icy, salt and cement are proposed and exactly is studied. Electric fields (E-fields) and voltage distributions along the insulator under various conditions have been evaluated. Moreover, the corona rings effects on insulator performance under these conditions have been presented. A 230 kV silicone rubber insulator is selected, modeled and simulated with finite element method (FEM) using the COMSOL software. The simulation is repeated for different environmental conditions and efficiency of corona ring for each scenario is evaluated. The results indicate that environmental conditions have a significant effect on the insulator performance and the corona ring somewhat alleviate the adverse effect of environmental conditions on the insulator performance.

H. Sheykhvazayefi, S. R. Mousavi-Aghdam, M. R. Feyzi,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (12-2019)
Abstract

In this paper, a new design of permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (PMLSM) for electromagnetic launcher system (EMLs) has been investigated in terms of the requisite amount of average launching thrust force and thrust force ripple minimization through finite element method. EMLs are a kind of technology used to develop thrust force and launch heavy loads with different applications including military, aerospace, and civil applications. A linear motor as a major part of the system plays a substantial role in this application providing sufficient load launch force. Cogging force and its mitigation techniques are principle challenges in linear motor operation leading to thrust ripples and detrimental effects on positioning precision and dynamic performance of the moving part. In the proposed design, some modifications have been made in the conventional PMLSM structure. Semi-closed slot construction is used for the primary and the pole shoes width has been changed to access minimum thrust ripple value. In order to attain further optimization in PMLSM’s thrust ripple profile, some other modifications have been considered in PM’s shape as arc-shaped magnetic poles. The latter assists to enforce air gap flux density distribution as sinusoidal as possible, and makes further ripple reduction. The results exhibit that the proposed structure has low weight and it is more economical compared to conventional PMLSM with rectangular shape magnet. In addition, the Average thrust force and ripple are improved providing suitable thrust force for throwing the load.

M. Ghaseminezhad, A. Doroudi, S. H. Hosseinian, A. Jalilian,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (3-2021)
Abstract

Nowadays study of input voltage quality on induction motors behavior has become a controversial subject due to the wide application of these motors in the industry. The impact of grid voltage fluctuations on the performance of induction motors can be included in this area. The majority of papers devoted to the influence of voltage fluctuations on the induction motors are focusing only on the solving of d-q state equations or steady-state equivalent circuit analysis. In this paper, a new approach to this issue is investigated by field analysis which studies the effects of voltage fluctuations on the magnetic fluxes of induction motors. New analytical expressions to approximate the airgap flux density and the torque under-voltage fluctuation conditions are presented. These characteristics are also calculated directly by the finite-element method considering the magnetic saturation and the harmonic fields. Finally, experimental results on a typical induction motor are employed to validate the accuracy of analytical and simulation results.

J. Sepaseh, N. Rostami, M. R. Feyzi,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (12-2021)
Abstract

A new axial magnetic gear (AMG) with enhanced torque density and reduced cogging torque is proposed in this paper. In the new structure, the direction and width of permanent magnets in high-speed rotor are changed and permanent magnets are removed from the modulator while the low-speed rotor remains unchanged. The torque density of the proposed magnetic gear is enhanced by using an appropriate direction and pole pitch for permanent magnets of high-speed rotor. The proposed AMG is compared with recent structures in the literature with the highest torque density. Three-dimensional (3D) finite element analyses are employed to obtain the cogging torque and torque density. The results of the analysis indicate that not only torque density increases but also cogging torque decreases dramatically.