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Smita Jolania, Ravi Sindal,
Volume 20, Issue 1 (3-2024)

Fifth Generation-New Radio (5G-NR) is an advanced air interface defined to fulfil diverse services with ubiquitous coverage in next generation Wireless networks. The waveform is the crucial part of air interface that must have good spectral confinement and low peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a widely used air interface in Fourth Generation Long Term Evolution (4G-LTE) system. But OFDM suffers from high PAPR, Carrier Frequency offset (CFO), and loss of spectral efficiency due to insertion of cyclic prefix. So, the high dense networks with heterogeneous traffic in the 5G requires new multicarrier waveform. In the proposed work, waveforms based on sub-band filtering are considered due to more flexibility and shorter filter length as compared to the sub-carrier-based filtering waveforms. Two major 5G waveform candidates Filtered-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (F-OFDM) and Universal Frequency Division Multiplexing (UFMC) are proposed in the system design. Channel coding is the inherent part of air interface for enhancing the error performance. New error correcting channel codes introduced in NR to support variable information block length and flexible codeword size. The capacity achieving Polar codes is the highlight of this paper adopted for control channels. 5G NR air interface using new modulation waveform along with the polar coding can be an effective way to enhance error performance. This paper presents comparative analysis of comprehensive systems Polar coded F-OFDM (PC-F-OFDM) and Polar coded UFMC (PC-UFMC) in massive MIMO scenario. Simulation results indicate that the proposed PC-F-OFDM systems significantly outperform the PC-UFMC systems in AWGN channel. But in massive MIMO setup BER performance of PC-UFMC is better than PC-F-OFDM system.

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee IUST, Tehran, Iran. This is an open access journal distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.