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Showing 6 results for Cogging Torque

H. A. Lari, A. Kiyoumarsi, A. Darijani, B. Mirzaeian Dehkordi, S. M. Madani,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2014)

In Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) the reduction of cogging torque is one of the most important problems in their performance and evaluation. In this paper, at first, a direct-drive vertical-axis wind turbine is chosen. According to its nominal value operational point, necessary parameters for the generator is extracted. Due to an analytical method, four generators with different pole-slot combinations are designed. Average torque, torque ripple and cogging torque are evaluated based on finite element method. The combination with best performance is chosen and with the analysis of variation of effective parameters on cogging torque, and introducing a useful method, an improved design of the PMSG with lowest cogging torque and maximum average torque is obtained. The results show a proper performance and a correctness of the proposed method.
A. Darijani, A. Kiyoumarsi, H. A. Lari, B. Mirzaeian Dehkordi, Sh. Bekhrad, S. Rahimi Monjezi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2015)

Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) exhibit high efficiency and power density, and have already been employed in gearless wind turbines. In the gearless wind turbines, due to the removal of the gearbox, the cogging torque is an important issue. Therefore, in this paper, at first, design of a Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator for a 2MW gearless horizontal-axis wind turbine, according to torque-speed and capability curves, is presented. For estimation of cogging torque in PMSGs, an analytical method is used. Performance and accuracy of this method is compared with the results of Finite Element Method (FEM). Considering the effect of dominant design parameters, cogging torque is efficiently reduced.
A. Ejlali, J. Soleimani, A. Vahedi,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2016)

Recently, Transverse Flux Permanent Magnet Generators (TFPMGs) have been proposed as a possible generator in direct drive variable speed wind turbines due to their unique merits. Generally, the quality of output power in these systems is lower than multi stage fixed speed systems, because of removing the gears, so it’s important to design these kinds of generators with low ripple and lowest harmful harmonics and cogging torque that is one of the most important terms in increasing the quality of output power of generator. The objective of this paper is introducing a simple design method and optimization of high power TFPMG applied in vertical axis direct drive wind turbine system by lowest possible amplitude of cogging torque and highest possible power factor, efficiency and power density.  In order to extract the output values of generator and sensitivity analysis for design and optimization, 3D-Finite element model, has been used. This method has high accuracy and gives us a better insight of generator performance and presents back EMF, cogging torque, flux density and FFT of this TFPMG. This study can help designers in design approach of such motors.

A. N. Patel, B. N. Suthar,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (3-2020)

Cogging torque is the major limitation of axial flux permanent magnet motors. The reduction of cogging torque during the design process is highly desirable to enhance the overall performance of axial flux permanent magnet motors. This paper presents a double-layer magnet design technique for cogging torque reduction of axial flux permanent magnet motor. Initially, 250 W, 150 rpm axial flux brushless dc (BLDC) motor is designed for electric vehicle application. Initially designed reference axial flux BLDC motor is designed considering 48 stator slots and 16 rotor poles of NdFeb type single layer permanent magnet. Three-dimensional finite element modeling and analysis have been performed to obtain cogging torque profile of reference motor. Additional layer of the permanent magnet is created keeping usage of permanent magnet same with an objective of cogging torque reduction. Three-dimensional finite element modeling and analysis have been performed to obtain cogging torque profile of improved axial flux BLDC motor with double layer permanent magnet design. It is analyzed that double-layer magnet design is an effective technique to reduce the cogging torque of axial flux BLDC motor.

J. Sepaseh, N. Rostami, M. R. Feyzi,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (12-2021)

A new axial magnetic gear (AMG) with enhanced torque density and reduced cogging torque is proposed in this paper. In the new structure, the direction and width of permanent magnets in high-speed rotor are changed and permanent magnets are removed from the modulator while the low-speed rotor remains unchanged. The torque density of the proposed magnetic gear is enhanced by using an appropriate direction and pole pitch for permanent magnets of high-speed rotor. The proposed AMG is compared with recent structures in the literature with the highest torque density. Three-dimensional (3D) finite element analyses are employed to obtain the cogging torque and torque density. The results of the analysis indicate that not only torque density increases but also cogging torque decreases dramatically.

M. K. Rashid, A. M. Mohammed,
Volume 19, Issue 2 (6-2023)

Nowadays, magnetic gears (MGs) have become an alternative choice for mechanical gears because of their low maintenance, improved durability, indirect contact between inner and outer rotors, no lubrication, and high efficiency. Generally, although these advantages, MGs suffer from inherent issues, mainly the cogging torque. Therefore, cogging torque mitigation has become an active research area. This paper proposed a new cogging torque mitigation approach based on the radial slit of the ferromagnetic pole pieces of MGs. In this method, different numbers and positions of slits are applied. The best results are gained through an even number of slits which shows promising results of cogging torque mitigation on the inner rotor with a small mitigation in the mean torque on both rotors. This work is done by using Simcenter and MATLAB software packages. The inner rotor’s cogging torque has mitigated to 81.9 %, while the outer rotor’s cogging torque is increased only by 2.75 %.

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