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Showing 3 results for Singh

S. Singh, M. D. Upadhayay, S. Pal,
Volume 17, Issue 2 (June 2021)

In this manuscript, higher-order Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) modes and parameters affecting vortex in the radiation pattern have been studied. A uniform circular array resonating at 10 GHz frequency is formed using eight identical rectangular patch antennas. Three uniform circular arrays are analyzed, simulated, and fabricated for OAM modes 0, +1, and -1 respectively. The higher-order OAM modes ±2, ±3, and ±4 are simulated and their effects on radiation and phase pattern are discussed. The effect of number of antenna elements and radius of the circular array on the phase purity of higher order OAM modes is presented. The results of simulated radiation patterns and phase front are well satisfying the generation of OAM modes. The measured results show a close agreement with the simulated result.

S. V. Akram, R. Singh, A. Gehlot, A. K. Thakur,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (December 2021)

Waste management is crucial for maintaining the hygienic environment in urban cities. The establishment of a reliable and efficient IoT system for waste management is based on integrating low power and long-range transmission protocol. Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) is specially designed for the aforementioned requirement of IoT. LoRa (Long Range) is an LPWAN transmission protocol that consumes low power for long-range transmission. In this study, we are implementing long-range (LoRa) communication and cloud applications for real-time monitoring of the bins. The customized sensor node and gateway node are specifically designed for sensing the level of bins using ultrasonic sensor and communicating it to the cloud via long-range and internet protocol connectivity. Blynk and cayenne are the two cloud-based applications for storing and monitoring the sensory data receiving from the gateway node over internet protocol (IP). The customization of nodes6 and utilization of two cloud-based apps are the unique features in this study. In the future, we will implement blockchain technology in the study for enabling a waste-to-model platform.

Chhaya Belwal, Kunwar Singh, Shireesh Kumar Rai,
Volume 20, Issue 0 (In Press 2024)

This paper introduces a floating flux-controlled meminductor emulator, implemented using two voltage differencing differential difference amplifier (VDDDA) along with a memristor and capacitor. Grounded and floating configurations are simulated with TSMC 0.18 µm level-49 BSIM3 CMOS process parameters in LTspice, showcasing the performance of the proposed circuits. The circuit features electronic tunability, allowing for the adjustment of nonlinear flux through the tuning of bias voltage. Simulation results validate the frequency-dependent current-flux dynamics of the proposed meminductor emulator. The simulation results, which involve frequency-dependent pinched hysteresis loops, transient analysis, non-volatility, and Monte Carlo analysis of the proposed meminductor, affirm the functionality and adequacy of the proposed design. A Chua’s oscillator is realized using proposed VDDDA-based meminductor as non-linear element.

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee IUST, Tehran, Iran. This is an open access journal distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.