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S. Shadpey, M. Sarlak,
Volume 16, Issue 4 (December 2020)

This paper presents a pattern recognition-based scheme for detection of islanding conditions in synchronous- based distributed generation (DG) systems. The main idea behind the proposed scheme is the use of spatial features of system parameters such as the frequency, magnitude of positive sequence voltage, etc. In this study, the system parameters sampled at the point of common coupling (PCC) were analyzed using reduced-noise morphological gradient (RNMG) tool, first. Then, the spatial features of the RNMG magnitudes were calculated. Next, to optimize and increase the ability of the proposed scheme for islanding detection, the best features with a much discriminating power were selected based on separability index (SI) calculation. Finally, to distinguish the islanding conditions from the other normal operation conditions, a support vector machine (SVM) classifier was trained based on the selected features. To investigate the power of the proposed scheme for islanding detection, the results of examinations on the various islanding conditions including system loading and grid operating state were presented.  These results show that the proposed algorithm reliably detect the islanding condition within 32.7 ms.

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