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Showing 11 results for Ghazi

M. Ghayeni, R. Ghazi,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (June 2010)

This paper presents a method to allocate the transmission network costs to users based on nodal pricing approach by regulating the nodal prices from the marginal point to the new point. Transmission nodal pricing based on marginal prices is not able to produce enough revenue to recover the total transmission network costs. However, according to the previous studies in this context, this method recovers only a portion of transmission costs. To solve this problem, in this paper a method is presented in which by considering the direction and amount of injected power in each node the marginal price is regulated to the new price, in such a way as the nodal pricing can recover the total transmission network costs. Also the proposed method is able to control the cost splitting between loads and generators in accordance with the pre-specified ratio. The proposed method is implemented on both IEEE 24-bus and 118-bus test systems and the obtained results are reported.
M. Ghayeni, R. Ghazi,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (December 2010)

This paper proposes an algorithm for transmission cost allocation (TCA) in a large power system based on nodal pricing approach using the multi-area scheme. The nodal pricing approach is introduced to allocate the transmission costs by the control of nodal prices in a single area network. As the number of equations is dependent on the number of buses and generators, this method will be very time consuming for large power systems. To solve this problem, the present paper proposes a new algorithm based on multi-area approach for regulating the nodal prices, so that the simulation time is greatly reduced and therefore the TCA problem with nodal pricing approach will be applicable for large power systems. In addition, in this method the transmission costs are allocated to users more equitable. Since the higher transmission costs in an area having a higher reliability are paid only by users of that area in contrast with the single area method, in which these costs are allocated to all users regardless of their locations. The proposed method is implemented on the IEEE 118 bus test system which comprises three areas. Results show that with application of multi-area approach, the simulation time is greatly reduced and the transmission costs are also allocated to users with less variation in new nodal prices with respect to the single area approach.
M. Aghamohammadi, S. S. Hashemi, M. S. Ghazizadeh,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (March 2011)

This paper presents a new approach for estimating and improving voltage stability margin from phase and magnitude profile of bus voltages using sensitivity analysis of Voltage Stability Assessment Neural Network (VSANN). Bus voltage profile contains useful information about system stability margin including the effect of load-generation, line outage and reactive power compensation so, it is adopted as input pattern for VSANN. In fact, VSANN establishes a functionality for VSM with respect to voltage profile. Sensitivity analysis of VSM with respect to voltage profile and reactive power compensation extracted from information stored in the weighting factor of VSANN, is the most dominant feature of the proposed approach. Sensitivity of VSM helps one to select most effective buses for reactive power compensation aimed enhancing VSM. The proposed approach has been applied on IEEE 39-bus test system which demonstrated applicability of the proposed approach.
M. R. Aghamohammadi, S. Hashemi, M. S. Ghazizadeh,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (June 2011)

Abstract: Voltage instability is a major threat for security of power systems. Preserving voltage security margin at a certain limit is a vital requirement for today’s power systems. Assessment of voltage security margin is a challenging task demanding sophisticated indices. In this paper, for the purpose of on line voltage security assessment a new index based on the correlation characteristic of network voltage profile is proposed. Voltage profile comprising all bus voltages contains the effect of network structure, load-generation patterns and reactive power compensation on the system behaviour and voltage security margin. Therefore, the proposed index is capable to clearly reveal the effect of system characteristics and events on the voltage security margin. The most attractive feature for this index is its fast and easy calculation from synchronously measured voltage profile without any need to system modelling and simulation and without any dependency on network size. At any instant of system operation by merely measuring network voltage profile and no further simulation calculation this index could be evaluated with respect to a specific reference profile. The results show that the behaviour of this index with respect to the change in system security is independent of the selected reference profile. The simplicity and easy calculation make this index very suitable for on line application. The proposed approach has been demonstrated on IEEE 39 bus test system with promising results showing its effectiveness and applicability.
M. Zarif, M. H. Javidi, M. S. Ghazizadeh,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (June 2012)

This paper presents a decision making approach for mid-term scheduling of large industrial consumers based on the recently introduced class of Stochastic Dominance (SD)- constrained stochastic programming. In this study, the electricity price in the pool as well as the rate of availability (unavailability) of the generating unit (forced outage rate) is considered as uncertain parameters. The self-scheduling problem is formulated as a stochastic programming problem with SSD constraints by generating appropriate scenarios for pool price and self-generation unit's forced outage rate. Furthermore, while most approaches optimize the cost subject to an assumed demand profile, our method enforces the electricity consumption to follow an optimum profile for mid-term time scheduling, i.e. three months (12 weeks), so that the total production will remain constant.
R. Ghazi, N. Pariz, R. Zeinali,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (June 2013)

In this paper, the effect of Static VAr Compensator (SVC) parameters on the nonlinear interaction of steam power plant turbine-generator set is studied using the Modal Series (MS) method. A second order representation of a power system equipped with SVC is developed and then by MS method the nonlinear interaction of torsional modes is assessed under various conditions and the most influencing factors are determined. The results show that the stress conditions and some SVC control parameters will adversely affect the dynamic performance of a power system by increasing the nonlinear interaction of torsional modes. In this situation, the MS method can precisely provide a reliable prediction of the torsional oscillations amplitudes and the frequency content of the output system response. As the angle and speed of turbine-generator segments are used as input signals in several controllers, the frequency content of these signals are quite important in designing such controllers. This analysis is performed on a 4-areas WSCC system, which is equipped with a SVC. The obtained results can provide some important guidelines for coordinate operation and design of FACTS controllers to reduce the risk of shaft failure arising from torsional interaction in long term.
R. Ghazi, A. Khajeh,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (September 2013)

Nowadays, the doubly-fed induction generators (DFIGs) based wind turbines (WTs) are the dominant type of WTs connected to grid. Traditionally the back-to-back converters are used to control the DFIGs. In this paper, an Indirect Matrix Converter (IMC) is proposed to control the generator. Compared with back-to-back converters, IMCs have numerous advantages such as: higher level of robustness, reliability, reduced size and weight due to the absence of bulky electrolytic capacitor. According to the recent grid codes it is required that wind turbines remain connected to the grid during grid faults and following voltage dips. This feature is called low voltage ride-through (LVRT) capability. In this paper the linear quadratic regulator (LQR) controller is used for optimal control of the DFIG. The weighting matrices of the LQR are obtained using the genetic algorithm (GA) technique. With the LQR controller the intention is to improve the LVRT capability of the DFIG wind turbines to satisfy the new LVRT requirements. Compared to the PI controller, the superiority of the LQR controller in improving the transient stability and LVRT performance of the DFIG wind turbines is evident. Simulation results confirm the efficiency of the proposed controller.
M. Hosseini Abardeh, R. Ghazi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (March 2015)

The matrix converter instability can cause a substantial distortion in the input currents and voltages which leads to the malfunction of the converter. This paper deals with the effects of input filter type, grid inductance, voltage fed to the modulation algorithm and the synchronous rotating digital filter time constant on the stability and performance of the matrix converter. The studies are carried out using eigenvalues of the linearized system and simulations. Two most common schemes for the input filter (LC and RLC) are analyzed. It is shown that by a proper choice of voltage input to the modulation algorithm, structure of the input filter and its parameters, the need for the digital filter for ensuring the stability can be resolved. Moreover, a detailed model of the system considering the switching effects is simulated and the results are used to validate the analytical outcomes. The agreement between simulation and analytical results implies that the system performance is not deteriorated by neglecting the nonlinear switching behavior of the converter. Hence, the eigenvalue analysis of the linearized system can be a proper indicator of the system stability.
M. Oloumi, R. Ghazi, M. Monfared,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (June 2015)

This paper provides a detailed comparative study concerning the performance of min-projection strategy (MPS) and model predictive control (MPC) systems to control the three-phase grid connected converters. To do so, first, the converter is modeled as a switched linear system. Then, the feasibility of the MPS technique is investigated and its stability criterion is derived as a lower limit on the DC link voltage. Next, the fundamental equations of the MPS to control a VSC are obtained in the stationary reference frame. The mathematical analysis reveals that the MPS is independent of the load, grid, filter and converter parameters. This feature is a great advantage of MPS over the MPC approach. However, the latter is a well-known model-based control technique, has already developed for controlling the VSC in the stationary reference frame. To control the grid connected VSC, both MPS and MPC approaches are simulated in the PSCAD/EMTDC environment. Simulation results illustrate that the MPS is functioning well and is less sensitive to grid and filter inductances as well as the DC link voltage level. However, the MPC approach renders slightly a better performance in the steady state conditions.
S. M. Alavi, R. Ghazi,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (March 2022)

One of the significant concerns in the MTDC systems is that voltage source converters (VSCs) do not hit their limits in the post-contingency conditions. Converters outage, DC line disconnection, and changeable output power of wind farms are the most common threats in these systems. Therefore, their destructive impact on neighboring AC systems should be minimized as much as possible. The fixed droop control is a better choice than others to deal with this, although it also has some limitations. Accordingly, a novel centralized droop-based control strategy considering N-1 contingency is proposed in this paper. It prevents converters from exceeding their limits while causes optimal power sharing and minimum DC link voltage deviation immediately, without secondary control layer. It also utilizes maximum wind power without curtailment. These properties improve the performance of the MTDC system in post-contingency conditions. The effectiveness of the proposed control method is validated by simulation of a 4-terminal VSC-MTDC system in MATLAB/Simulink R2016a.

M. H. Adhami, R. Ghazizadeh,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (March 2023)

A novel hybrid method for tracking multiple indistinguishable maneuvering targets using a wireless sensor network is introduced in this paper. The problem of tracking the location of targets is formulated as a Maximum Likelihood Estimation. We propose a hybrid optimization method, which consists of an iterative and a heuristic search method, for finding the location of targets simultaneously. The Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) algorithm is used for iterative search, while the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is used for the heuristic search. We use the maximum sensors separating distance-grouping algorithm (G-MSSD), which was introduced in our previous work, to generate initial guesses for search algorithms. The estimates of both methods are compared and the best one is selected as the final estimation. We demonstrate the accuracy and performance of our new tracking method via simulations and compare our results with the Gauss-Newton (GN) method.

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee IUST, Tehran, Iran. This is an open access journal distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.