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Showing 2 results for Agrawal

S. K. Agrawal, O. P. Sahu,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (December 2014)

In this paper, a novel technique for the design of two-channel Quadrature Mirror Filter (QMF) banks with linear phase in frequency domain is presented. To satisfy the exact reconstruction condition of the filter bank, low-pass prototype filter response in pass-band, transition band and stop band is optimized using unconstrained indirect update optimization method. The objective function is formulated as a weighted sum of pass-band error and stop-band residual energy of low-pass prototype filter, and the square error of the distortion transfer function of the QMF bank at the quadrature frequency. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated in terms of Peak Reconstruction Error (PRE), mean square error in pass-band and stop-band regions and stop-band edge attenuation. Design examples are included to illustrate the performance of the proposed algorithm and the quality of the filter banks that can be designed.
G. Das, R. Panda, L. Samantaray , S. Agrawal,
Volume 18, Issue 2 (June 2022)

Multilevel optimal threshold selection is important and comprehensively used in the area of image processing. Mostly, entropic information-based threshold selection techniques are used. These methods make use of the entropy of the distribution of the grey levels of an image. However, entropy functions largely depend on spatial distribution of the image. This makes the methods inefficient when the distribution of the grey information of an image is not uniform. To solve this problem, a novel non-entropic method for multilevel optimal threshold selection is proposed. In this contribution, simple numbers (pixel counts), explicitly free from the spatial distribution, are used. A novel non-entropic objective function is proposed. It is used for multilevel threshold selection by maximizing the partition score using the adaptive equilibrium method. A new theoretical derivation for the fitness function is highlighted. The key to the achievement is the exploitation of the score among classes, reinforcing an improvised threshold selection process. Standard test images are considered for the experiment. The performances are compared with state-of-the-art entropic value-based methods used for multilevel threshold assortment and are found better. It is revealed that the results obtained using the suggested technique are encouraging both qualitatively and quantitatively. The newly proposed method would be very useful for solving different real-world engineering optimization problems.

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