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Showing 6 results for Mechanical Properties

A.a. Ramezanianpour, M. Mahdi Khani, Gh. Ahmadibeni,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (6-2009)

Rice Husk Ash (RHA) is a by-product of the agricultural industry which contains high amount of silicon dioxide (SiO2). In this research, for the first time in the Middle East, in order to supply typical RHA, a special furnace was designed and constructed in Amirkabir University of Technology. Afterwards, XRD and XRF techniques were used to determine the amorphous silica content of the burnt rice husk. Attempts were made to determine the optimum temperature and duration of burning. Results show that temperature of 650 degrees centigrade and 60 minutes burning time are the best combination. Then various experiments were carried out to determine properties of concretes incorporating optimum RHA. Tests include compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, modules of elasticity, water permeability and rapid chloride permeability test. Results show that concrete incorporating RHA had higher compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and modulus of elasticity at various ages compared with that of the control concrete. In addition, results show that RHA as an artificial pozzolanic material has enhanced the durability of RHA concretes and reduced the chloride diffusion.
R. Perumal, K. Nagamani,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2014)

An experimental study on the impact performance of silica fume concrete and steel fiber reinforced concrete at 28 days and 56 days under the action of repeated dynamic loading was carried out. In this experimental investigation, w/cm ratios of 0.4 and 0.3, silica fume replacement at 10% and 15% and crimped steel fibers with an aspect ratio of 80 were used. Results indicated that addition of fibers in high-performance concrete (HPC) can effectively restrain the initiation and propagation of cracks under stress, and enhance the impact strengths, toughness and ductility of HPC. Pulse velocity test was carried out for quality measurements of high-performance steel fiber reinforced concrete. Steel fibers were observed to have significant effect on flexural strength of concrete. The maximum first crack strength and ultimate failure strength at 28 days were 1.51 times and 1.78 times, respectively at 1.5% volume fraction to that of HPC. Based on the experimental data, failure resistance prediction model was developed with correlation coefficient (R) = 0.96 and absolute variation determined is 1.82%.
B.a. Mir,
Volume 13, Issue 3 (12-2015)

Fly ash is one of the most plentiful and versatile of the industrial by-products. At present, nearly 150 million tonnes of fly ash is being generated annually in India posing dual problem of environmental pollution and difficulty in disposal. This calls for establishing strategies to use the same effectively and efficiently. However, it is only in geotechnical engineering applications such as the construction of embankments/dykes, as back fill material, as a sub-base material etc., its large-scale utilization is possible either alone or with soil. Soil stabilization can be achieved by various means such as compaction, soil replacement, chemical improvement, earth reinforcement etc. Usually, in the case of clay soils, chemical improvement is commonly most effective since it can strengthen the soil, to remove its sensitivity both to water and its subsequent stress history. Among chemical means or additives, fly ash/lime provides an economic and powerful means of improvement, as demonstrated by the significant transformation that is evident on mixing with heavy clay. In the present investigation, different percent fly ashes (10%, 20%, 40%, 60% & 80%) were added to a highly expansive soil from India by dry weight of the natural soil, and subjected to various tests. The important properties that are necessary for using fly ash in many geotechnical applications are index properties, compaction characteristics, compressibility characteristics, permeability and strength. Based on test results, it has been found that using fly ash for improvement of soils has a two-fold advantage. First, to avoid the tremendous environmental problems caused by large scale dumping of fly ash and second, to reduce the cost of stabilization of problematic/marginal soils and improving their engineering properties for safe construction of Engineering Structures. 

Hassan Ziari, Parham Hayati, Jafar Sobhani,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (1-2017)

In this paper, self-consolidating concrete (SCC) mixtures are considered for airfield concrete pavements. A series of rheological, mechanical, transport and frost action durability tests were conducted on the prepared SCC mixtures with and without chemical air entraining agents (AEA). Mineral admixtures including slag, fly ash, silica fume and metakaolin were included in SCC mixtures. The results showed that application of mineral admixture led to significant improvements on the performance of airfield concrete pavement mixtures. Moreover, the performance of mixtures against frost action upgraded when AEA included in companion with the mineral admixtures.

Özgür Çakır, Muzaffer M. Tüfekçi,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (6-2017)

An experimental program was carried out in order to investigate the usability of recycled coarse aggregate (RCA) concrete with and without ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS). The RCA was derived from concrete having compressive strength of 47.6 MPa. Twelve concrete mixtures having various RCA (0-25-50-100%) and GGBFS (0-30-60%) replacement levels were designed with a water-to-binder (w/b) ratio of 0.50. Fresh concrete properties were observed through workability and slump loss. Compressive strength, tensile splitting strength, bond strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity, water absorption and density of hardened concretes were also determined at 7 and 28 days and the relations between physical properties and mechanical properties of RCA concretes with/without GGBFS were investigated. The RCA content significantly improved the tensile splitting strength of the concrete according to the compressive strength and the use of 60% GGBFS content in RCA concrete had a marginal increasing effect on the tensile splitting strength. The mixes containing 100% RCA was found to be noticeably beneficial in terms of the bond strength and the highest bond strengths were obtained with the use of 60% GGBFS content in RAC for all series at 28 days. However the lowest density and the greatest water absorption was obtained for RAC and an inverse relationship between the density and the water absorption ratio was determined.

Ms Ladan Hatami, Dr. Masoud Jamshidi,
Volume 15, Issue 5 (7-2017)

Colored self-compacting mortar (C-SCM) is a novel cementitious product that has been recently used in decoration and rehabilitation and has improved aesthetic quality of architectural constructions. C-SCM is susceptible to strength decrease due to excessive pigment presence in the mixture. Optimum pigment content with respect to color intensity and mechanical performance is an important matter that should be determined to prevent mortar failure after construction. In this research, two inorganic pigments in production of colored self-compacting mortar were utilized. The impact of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and iron hydroxide (FeO(OH)) contents on behavior of C-SCMs were investigated in white and gray cement matrixes. Experiments included measurements of compressive strength of mortar cubes and cylinders, flexural strength and colorimetric properties. Analyses on compressive and flexural toughness were applied, as well. It was concluded that pigment content in mix design of colored self-compacting mortar could be optimized with regard to color quality in surface and mechanical strength of the product. Results implied that 5 and 2% of titanium dioxide were the saturation points of color and strength respectively and iron hydroxide at 10% was unsurpassed in C-SCMs containing white cement. Application of both pigments in gray SCMs caused the saturation points of color and strength to occur at 10 and 2%, respectively.

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