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Showing 11 results for Subject: Manufacturing

F. Forouzesh, Sh. Azadi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (1-2011)
Abstract

In this article, rubber bumpers of Double - Wishbone suspension system have been modeled and analyzed. The objective of the present work is to predict the performance of these products during deformation, represent an optimum method to design, obtain stiffness characteristic curves and utilize the results in the automotive suspension dynamic analysis. These parts are nonlinear and exhibit large deformation under loading. They have an important role to limit the motion of wheels and absorb energy. In this study, nonlinear FE model using ABAQUS software was used to obtain the bumper load - displacement curve. Then a laboratory test was done on the bumper to get this curve. The comparison between numerical and experimental results shows a good adaptation. A less than 2 percent difference has been observed between them. Thus, we can use this numerical method to simulate bumpers easily and accurately.
M. Hamidizadeh, M. Hoseini, M. Akhavan, H. Shojaeefard,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2018)
Abstract

In order to achieve a successful new product, and certainly the successful implementation of a new product into a company, it is necessary to have a structured and documented approach to New Product Development (NPD), therefore providing a clear roadmap for the development of new products.New product development is a multi-stage process. Many different models with a varying number of stages have been proposed in the literature which in this paper are briefing them. This review highlights the NPD Models and process, from concept to consumer, and aim to find the consist gap of different NPD’s models in order for a company to succeed and use New products as a source for Competitive advantage.


Prof. M.h. Shojaefard, Mr. M. Maleki, Dr. M. Masih-Tehrani, Mr. A.r. Sang-Sefidi, Mr. M.m. Niroobakhsh,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (6-2018)
Abstract

A combined hydraulic engine mount and buffer is proposed in this study for use in the mid-priced vehicle. In some vehicle design projects, an engine is selected to use in a new car design. To achieve the desired vibration conditions, the mount can be redesigned with exorbitant costs and long-term research. The idea of using a buffer in the combination of the conventional engine mount is to suggest a solution with affordable price which can improve mount vibration specifications. As a case study, the engine of Renault L90 (Dacia Logan), which name is K4M engine, is selected to use in the national B class automotive platform design. This automotive platform is designed at Automotive Engineering Research Center of Iran University of Science and Technology. The hydraulic engine mount is modeled in CATIA. Some tests are done to validate the simulation results. The conventional and buffer-equipped mount characteristics, which are determined by CATIA, is imported to Adams/Vibration software to evaluate the vibration behavior of the engine mounts. The results show that the use of buffer reduces the stiffness of mount, which should be 2 to 3 times lower than engine's frequency excitation. In some directions, the buffer-equipped mount has a better modal energy and isolation characteristics.
Vahid Tavoosi, Dr Javad Marzban Rad, Dr Ramazan Mirzaei,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (6-2018)
Abstract

Vertical dynamics modeling and simulation of a six-wheel unmanned military vehicle (MULE) studied in this paper. The Common Mobility Platform (CMP) chassis provided mobility, built around an advanced propulsion and articulated suspension system gave the vehicle ability to negotiate complex terrain, obstacles, and gaps that a dismounted squad would encounter. Aiming at modeling of vehicle vertical dynamics, basic and geometrical parameters defined and degrees-of-freedom specified on a compromise between accuracy and complexity of two models. Equations of motion provided on two linear and nonlinear 5-degree-of-freedom models using two different modeling methods. There is good agreement between time responses of two presented models. The main differences of two models observed in articulated suspension degrees-of-freedom while the vehicle subjected to high frequency maneuvers that cause severe oscillations on wheels and arms in comparison to vehicle body due to lower mass and inertia properties. The linear model can be used to design a controller and the nonlinear to predict vehicle motion more accurately. Sensitivity analysis of the influential parameters is also presented to specify effects of different parameters. Results of this study may be used to design articulated suspension and making next frequency analyses.
Prof. Dr. Ataur Rahman, Mr Mohammad Amysar,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (6-2018)
Abstract

ABSTRACT: Deceleration or stopping the vehicle without any diving and lateral acceleration is essential to develop an effective braking system. The hydraulic braking system with intelligent braking called Antilock Braking system (ABS) and Electronic Stability Control (ESC) has been introduced.  However, due to the insufficient human effort, the ABS and ESC to some extent, not function well.  This has been emphasised to develop a DC motor assist hydraulic braking system by associating the wheel speed and engine fuel flow sensor to stop the vehicle in required braking distance without any diving and lateral movement.  This study investigates theoretically by Solid work simulation model and experimentally by product development. The simulation model has shown that a full load passenger car needs 15.7Mpa of braking pressure to stop 50km/h vehicle in 10m.  The experimental results of the model show that the pressure develops when the pedal fully applied without and with aids of the DC motor is 910 kPa and 1130 kPa respectively, which contribute to 23.3% of pressure increase.
KEYWORDS: DC motor assist hydraulic braking system; Digital Control System; Braking efficiency.

Prof. Ashraf Elfasakhany,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2019)
Abstract

Adjustable throat-area expansion valves (ATAEV) are functioned as area regulator control units. In literatures, there are many expansion valves normally used in automotive air-conditioning systems, as regulator and electrical type valves. Nevertheless, a review study for such issue has not been introduced, according to the best of author knowledge. The present paper presents a review study for expansion valves used in air conditioning of automobiles. Different types of expansion valves are discussed including the working principles and the limitation of their working conditions.

 
Eng. Seyyed Ali Akbar Hashemi Milani, Dr. Reza Tavangar, Dr. Maziyar Azadbeh, Eng. Ibrahim Kahinpoor, Eng. Hossein Sadeghi-Nasab,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2020)
Abstract

Drying temperature of the flux at normal atmosphere has a crucial role in brazing quality in automotive aluminum-based heat exchangers. Over the course of this research, NOCOLOK® flux consists of two phases of K2AlF5.H2O and KAlF4 with melting point around 580 °C was used. A flux slurry was applied on the base metal, and dried at 220, 300 and 380 °C in air. Mechanical assessment revealed that when flux dried at 300 °C, the joint withstands maximum shear stress of 44 MPa with complete bonding. At 220 °C and 380 °C, joint shear stresses are 34 MPa, 30 MPa respectively. 380 °C dry-off temperature under nitrogen gas improved shear strength to 39 MPa. Taking dry-off temperature as 300 °C the amount of defective heat exchangers was reduced from 6% to 2% on a daily basis.
 
Majid Fallah Tafti, Ramin Hashemi, Mohammad Sedighi,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (6-2022)
Abstract

This paper aims to examine the influences of heat treatment on forming limit diagrams and mechanical properties of aluminum alloy AA6061 sheets with thicknesses of 1.5 mm. The uniaxial tensile and the micro-hardness tests are employed to specify the mechanical properties and their variations. The Nakazima test is performed to characterize the strain forming limits of this aluminum alloy. Comparison between the results of micro-hardness and forming limit diagrams indicates that by increasing the temperature up to the peaked ageing temperature, the strength of the alloy is increased, but the forming limits are decreased, and after the peaked aged in over the aged state, the strength is decreased and the forming limits are increased. The peaked-aging is touched in this specific alloy after 4 hours heat treatment at 180 oC.
Arman Mohseni, Javad Rezapour, Sina Gohari Rad, Reza Rajabiehfard,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (6-2022)
Abstract

Background: Hydroforming is employed in the manufacture of hollow monolithic products to reduce the number of joints. This method can reduce the weight and enhance the quality of fluid transfer parts in a vehicle’s hydraulic system. Hydroforming is a process in which parts are formed into the shape of a mold using fluid pressure. An important issue in this process is adopting an optimal loading path. Methods: In the present research, a drop hammer was used to implement the dynamic loading path in the tests. Accordingly, a single energy source was used simultaneously to provide axial feeding and internal pressure. To this end, designing a mold suitable for the dynamic loading path was necessary. Results: This numerical study investigates tubes’ deformation based on the applied impact and the amount of fluid in the mold. Moreover, axial feeding was provided with the help of different punches on the sides of the tube. Hence, the kinetic energy, amount of fluid, sealing, lubrication, and the material and thickness of the tube must be proportional for the correct forming of the tube. From the smoothed-particle hydrodynamics perspective, it is a meshless method based on interpolation that uses a particle system to examine the system state and predict fields such as displacement, stress, and pressure. Conclusions: One of the main observations of this research is that selecting side punches with a smaller central hole radius is proportional to the kinetic energy and the amount of fluid. that is effective in achieving the optimal loading path.
 
Dr. Silas Okuma, Mr. Chidi Ihe,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2022)
Abstract

Go-karts are popular sport mini-car in western countries, and there are gaining prominence in developing countries such as Nigeria. Its performance is determined by the chassis design and the braking system is its lifeline. Because of the lack of a suspension system and differentials, a good chassis must be able to bend and twist.
This Go-kart is powered by a Yamaha Vino Automatic Petrol 2-stroke Engine that generates approximately 4.1kw of power at 9018rpm. It boasts slick tyres for increased grip and a hydraulic disc brake for smooth and effective braking in both wet and dry conditions. The focus of this paper is on the braking system and material characterization of its structural members
Simulation static study with Autodesk Inventor yielded the following results: Mass Density 281.550 lbmass/ft3 Yield Strength 40.000 ksi Ultimate Tensile Strength 50.000ksi. Design calculations were performed, and the best possible result was obtained. Ergonomics, safety, cost of manufacturing, and reliability are all considered.
Mr Mahdi Soufizadeh, Dr Seyed Mehdi Mirmehdi,
Volume 13, Issue 4 (12-2023)
Abstract

The general public considers auto service operators to be experts in their work, and they use their advice and guidance when changing the oil. Therefore, due to the importance of this issue, during applied research conducted in a mixed (quantitative and qualitative) manner, an attempt was made to identify and prioritize factors affecting the offer of motor oil brands by Iranian auto services using the fuzzy Delphi technique. In terms of the research method, this research is considered descriptive-survey research, and its statistical population includes all the operators of Iranian auto services. The statistical sample of the research consists of 36 Iranian auto service operators who were selected as a cluster from all over Iran. In the following, after collecting data through semi-structured interviews and questionnaires and analyzing the information, it was determined that the engine oil quality factor is the most important in introducing the engine oil brand by the auto services, according to the experts present. Also, after the quality of the engine oil, the two factors of matching the engine oil with the technical specifications of the car and the timely delivery of orders from the manufacturing companies were placed in the second and third ranks of importance, respectively.

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