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Showing 13 results for Stability

S.m. Shariatmadar, M. Manteghi, M. Tajdari,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (4-2012)

Non-linear characteristic of tire forces is the main cause of vehicle lateral dynamics instability, while direct yaw moment control is an effective method to recover the vehicle stability. In this paper, an optimal linear quadratic regulator (LQR) controller for roll-yaw dynamics to articulated heavy vehicles is developed. For this purpose, the equations of motion obtained by the MATLAB software are coded and then a control law is introduced by minimizing the local differences between the predicted and the desired responses. The influence of some parameters such as the anti roll bar, change the parameters of the suspension system and track wide in articulated heavy vehicles stability has been studied. The simulation results show that the vehicle stability can be remarkably improved when the optimal linear controller is applied
M. A. Saeedi, R. Kazemi,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2013)

In this study, stability control of a three-wheeled vehicle with two wheels on the front axle, a three-wheeled vehicle with two wheels on the rear axle, and a standard four-wheeled vehicle are compared. For vehicle dynamics control systems, the direct yaw moment control is considered as a suitable way of controlling the lateral motion of a vehicle during a severe driving maneuver. In accordance to the present available technology, the performance of vehicle dynamics control actuation systems is based on the individual control of each wheel braking force known as the differential braking. Also, in order to design the vehicle dynamics control system the linear optimal control theory is used. Then, to investigate the effectiveness of the proposed linear optimal control system, computer simulations are carried out by using nonlinear twelvedegree- of-freedom models for three-wheeled cars and a fourteen-degree-of-freedom model for a fourwheeled car. Simulation results of lane change and J-turn maneuvers are shown with and without control system. It is shown that for lateral stability, the three wheeled vehicle with single front wheel is more stable than the four wheeled vehicle, which is in turn more stable than the three wheeled vehicle with single rear wheel. Considering turning radius which is a kinematic property shows that the front single three-wheeled car is more under steer than the other cars.
M. Baghaeian, A. A. Akbari,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2013)

In this paper, the enhancement of vehicle stability and handling is investigated by control of the active geometry suspension system (AGS). This system could be changed through control of suspension mounting point’s position in the perpendicular direction to wishbone therefore the dynamic is alternative and characteristics need to change. For this purpose, suitable controller needs to change mounting point’s position in limit area. Adaptive fuzzy control able to adjust stability and handling characteristics in all conditions. Also, simple controller such as proportional-integral-derivative (PID) versus adaptive fuzzy have been used that submit intelligent controllers. The three of freedom model (3DOF) in vehicle handling is validated with MATLAB and CarSim software. The results show that the steady state response of the adaptive fuzzy controller has been closed to desired yaw and roll angle has been enhanced about %20. In cases of lateral velocity and side slip angle have the same condition that it shows the stability has been improved. The control effort of PID needs to change very high that this response is not good physically, while control effort in adaptive fuzzy is less than 50 mm.
H. Chehardoli, M.r. Homainezhad,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (9-2017)

 This paper studies the longitudinal control of a group of vehicles following a lead vehicle. A 
neighbor based upper level controller is proposed by considering communication delay and
actuator lag. Constant spacing policy is used between successive vehicles. Two different
approaches based on Lyapunov-Razumikhin and Lyapuniv-Krassovski theorems are presented to
stability analysis of closed loop dynamic. By simulation studies, it will be shown that the second
approach is less conservatism than the first one. We consider the bidirectional leader following
(BDLF) topology for inter-vehicle communication. Based on this structure, some sufficient
conditions assuring string stability of platoon is derived. At the end of paper, four different
scenarios are presented to study the robustness of algorithm against communication delay,
actuator lag, disturbance, heterogeny and communication losses. 
A. Otadi, M. Masih-Tehrani , S.m. Boluhari , A. Darvish-Damavandi ,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (9-2017)

In this paper, a three-axle bus rollover threshold and the effective parameters are studied. The rollover threshold is a speed that automotive is passing without occurring rollover. The objective is a determination of the heavy vehicle rollover critical speed while turning. For this purpose, a three-axle bus is studied. The dynamic equations related to rollover is extracted, and then rollover criterion, which is LTR (Load Transfer Ratio) in this paper, is obtained. The governing equations are simulated in MATLAB software and then the effect of the parameters such as steering rate, road curvature radius, road bank slope and automotive effective parameters on the rollover critical speed is studied. Prior to the investigation of these parameters, due to validation of the simulation model in MATLAB, a three-axle bus with specific parameters values is placed under various maneuvers with different conditions in TruckSim software then results are recorded. In order to validate, these results are compared with the results which are achieved from MATLAB. After validation, the relation between effective parameters in rollover stability and vehicle speed for desire maneuvers is obtained and it is illustrated in form of function. The results of this research work can be used in road threshold speed without huge computation costs and expensive tests.

J. Sharifi, A. Amirjamshidy,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2018)

The electronic stability control (ESC) system is one of the most important active safety systems in vehicles. Here, we intend to improve the Electronic stability of four in-wheel motor drive electric vehicles. We will design an electronic stability control system based on Type-2 fuzzy logic controller. Since, Type-2 fuzzy controller has uncertainty in input interval furthermore of output fuzziness, it behaves like a robust control, hence it is suitable for control of nonlinear uncertain systems which uncertainty may be due to parameter variation or un-modeled dynamics. The controller output for stabilization of vehicle is corrective yaw moment. Controller output is the torque that distribute by braking and acceleration on both sides of the vehicle. We simulate our designs on MATLAB software. Some drive maneuvers will be carry to validate system performance in vehicle stability maintenance. Simulation results indicate that distributed torque-brake control strategy based on Type-2 fuzzy logic controller can improve the stability and maneuverability of vehicle, significantly in comparison with uncontrolled vehicle and Type-1 fuzzy ESC. Furthermore, we compare the conventional braking ESC with our designed ESC, i.e. distributed exertion of torque ESC and braking ESC in view point of both stabilization and performance. As we will see, proposed ESC can decrease vehicle speed reduction, in addition to better vehicle stability maintenance.

Prof Majid Moavenian, Mr Sina Sadeghi Namaghi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2019)

In order to improve the safety and longitudinal stability of a vehicle equipped with standard ABS system, this paper, analyzes the basic principles of vehicles stability and proposes a control strategy based on fuzzy adaptive control which will adjust PID gain parameters, using genetic algorithm. A linear three-degree-of-freedom (DOF) vehicle model was set up in Simulink and the stability test was conducted utilizing jointly a joint established simulation platform with CarSim.
   For controlling the brake length, traditional controllers have difficulty in guaranteeing performance and stability over a wide range of parameter changes and disturbances. Therefore, a 2 level controller by providing a modified Sliding Mode Control (SMC) will be used. Using this approach the flexibility increased and brake length and rotor temperatures decreases significantly. This results improvement of the vehicle’s stability and brakes fatigue lifespan.
Mr Sina Sadeghi Namaghi, Mr Nima Sadeghi Namaghi,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (12-2019)

Heavy articulated vehicles have low performance with respect to stability analysis due to their multifaceted geometry and dynamics especially when it comes to non-linear maneuvers. In this study in order to find out which statistical and dynamical factors have the most effect on stability of this type of vehicle without getting involve with their complex mathematical theory, combination of drive simulation and Taguchi method is used. Since the number and variety of factors are extensive, multi-step Taguchi method used. This method applied on values of modified rearward amplifications of each units of vehicle as a criterion of  lateral stability. Results show the high effect of suspension and load geometry of Vehicle Units on lateral stability and safety.
Dr Javad Rezapour, Eng Parvaneh Afzali,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (9-2020)

Rollover of sport utility vehicles is a critical challenge for dynamic stability of the vehicle. Due to the high rate of fatalities resulted from the rollover, in order to reduces the injuries, the design of active vehicle controllers has received significant attention among the researchers and car companies. In this article, a multi-criteria optimum method is discussed in order to design a dynamics stabilizing controller via differential braking with an optimum braking torque distribution. To this end, the nonlinear control method on the basis of the sliding mode techniques has been implemented that provides ride comfort, improve safety performance, and maintain maneuverability. To address the trade-off between the conflicting requirements of vehicle dynamic control in terms of maneuverability and rollover prevention capability, we formulate an artificial intelligence-based multi-criteria genetic algorithms. The simulation verification analysis indicates that the utilized optimum distribution braking torques result in the desired enhancement in roll stability of the vehicle.
Dr Hossein Chehardoli, Dr Ali Ghasemi, Mr Mohammad Daneshyian,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2020)

A new safe optimal consensus procedure is presented to guarantee the asymptotic and string stability as well as crash avoidance of large-scale non-identical traffic flow. Since time delay is an inherent characteristic of physical actuators and sensors, measurement delay and lags are involved in the upper level control structure. A third-order linear model is employed to define the 1-D motion of each automated vehicle (AV) and the constant time headway plan is employed to regulate the inter-AV distance. It is assumed that the network structure is decentralized look ahead (DLA) and each AV has access to relative position and velocity regarding with the front AV. A linear control law is introduced for each AV and by performing the stability analysis in frequency domain, the necessary conditions guaranteeing string stability and crash avoidance for large-scale traffic flow are derived. Afterwards, to calculate the optimal control parameters guaranteeing the best performance, an objective function combining all mentioned conditions as well as maximum overshoot, settling time and stability margin is introduced. The genetic algorithm (GA) technique is employed to optimize the presented objective function and obtain the optimal control parameters. Various numerical results are proposed to demonstrate the efficiency of this method.
Mohammad Shirzadifar, Ali Abdollahifar,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (6-2021)

This paper introduces a new configuration of ladder chassis containing a set of linear wave springs to improve the lateral stability of road vehicles. The governing equations for lateral stability of the ladder frame equipped with linear wave springs were derived. In order to investigate this new system a unit base of the ladder frame equipped with linear wave springs and a typical ladder frame were modeled using FEM methods (ABAQUS) with the same size conditions. This comparative study is utilized to validate the derived equations and also to compare the effectiveness of the new designed system with typical ladder frames. Results indicate that the new system has considerably improved the lateral stability of the vehicle during road transportation and also noticeably decreased the stress on the side and cross members.
Dr Hossein Chehardoli,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (9-2021)

This paper considers the asymptotic zero tracking error as well as string stability of large-scale automated vehicle convoys (LAVC). Both centralized and decentralized bi-directional network topologies are investigated. A double integrator dynamical equation is defined to describe the 1-D dynamics of automated vehicles (AV). A centralized / decentralized controller which employs the relative displacement and velocity compared with the backward and forward AVs is defined for all following AVs. Since the dynamical equation of LAVC is hard to be analyzed for internal stability, a PDE-based approach is introduced to decouple and reduce the closed-loop dynamical equation.  According to this approach, we will be able to decouple the dynamical equation of all AVs individually based on the error dynamics. After simplifying the dynamical equation of LAVC, the conditions satisfying the internal stability of centralized and decentralized networks are obtained. After that, algebraic analyses in frequency domain will able us to find the constraints on control gains guaranteeing the string stability. Simulation and experimental results are available to describe the merits of this algorithm.
Dr Hossein Chehardoli,
Volume 13, Issue 3 (9-2023)

In this article, the optimal robust H2 / H control of self-driving car platoons (SDCPs) under external disturbance is investigated. By considering the engine dynamics and the effects of external disturbance, a linear dynamical model is presented to define the motion of each self-driving car (SDC). Each following SDC is in direct communication with the leader. By utilizing the relative position of following SDCs and the leader, the error dynamics of each SDC is calculated. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) method is utilized to find the optimal control gains. To this aim, a cost function which is a linear combination of H2 and H norms of the transfer function between disturbance and target variables is constructed. By employing the PSO method, the cost function will be minimized and therefore, the robustness of the controller against external disturbance is guaranteed. It will be proved that under the presented robust control method, the negative effects of disturbance on system performance will significantly reduce. Therefore, the SDCP is internally stable and subsequently, each SDC tracks the motion of the leader. In order to validate the proposed method, simulation examples will be presented and analyzed.

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