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Showing 7 results for Temperature

S. Sanaye, M. Dehghandokht,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (5-2011)

Thermal modeling of an automotive cabin was performed in this paper to predict the inside cabin air temperature. To implement this task, thermal and ventilation loads were estimated and the mass and energy balance conservation equations for dry air and water vapor with considering a new parameter (air circulation ratio) as well as the balance equations of internal components of a cabin were derived and solved simultaneously. The performance of the proposed thermal modeling of a cabin was compared with the data collected from hot room experimental tests. These tests were run for various design parameters such as evaporating cooling load and cabin size (air volume inside cabin). The comparison of experimental and numerical results showed a good agreement. Parametric analysis with three parameters namely, vehicle speed, number of passengers, and A/C air mass flow rate was performed to investigate the effects of these parameters on cabin air temperature.
S. Javan, S. V. Hosseini, S. Sh. Alaviyoun,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (1-2012)

Temperature is one of the effective parameters in erosion of spark plug electrodes. In this research, temperature of spark plug was measured in engine's different operation conditions with two types of fuels: compressed natural gas and gasoline. Test results showed that, temperature of center electrode is lower than ground electrode and maximum difference between them is 110ºC that occurs at 2500 rpm and full load conditions. Maximum temperature of spark plug occurs with CNG under full load conditions and 6380 rpm. In these conditions, ground electrode’s temperature reaches to 960ºC which is very prone to pre-ignition. On the other hand, center electrode’s temperature is 195ºC higher than the same condition with gasoline as a fuel which cause more electrode erosion rate. This temperature rise lead to cold type spark plug selection because of its better heat transfer. Spark plug erosion was studied after endurance tests with CNG as a fuel. Electrodes have non uniform wear patterns and consequently gap growth is not uniform. The average gap growth for two sets of spark plugs after two similar 200 hr endurance tests is 49.6%
A. Mohebbi, S. Jafarmadar, J. Pashae,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (4-2012)

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) contribute to a wide range of environmental effects including the formation of acid rain and destroy ozone layer. In-cylinder high temperature flame and high oxygen concentration are the parameters which affect the NOx emissions. The EGR system is a very effective way for reducing NOx emission from a diesel engine (via reduction of these parameters), particularly at the high load of engine operation condition. In this study, the influence of EGR on diesel engine combustion, NOx/PM emissions, brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), engine thermal efficiency, cylinder pressure and heat release rate (HRR) are analyzed and presented. The experiments have been conducted on a turbocharged DI diesel engine under full load condition at two different injection timings in order to distinguish and quantify some effects of Hot and Cooled EGR with various rates on the engine parameters. Experimental results showed that increase of EGR rate has a negative effect on air-fuel ratio. For a premixed combustion at constant boost pressure, ignition delay is increased leading to retardation of all combustion process, a low HRR peak and reduce of in-cylinder peak temperature. Using of Hot EGR reduces NOX emissions whereas PM emissions are increased. The advance of injection timing resulted in the reduction PM while both NOX emissions and fuel consumption were increased. The use of cooled EGR was more effective compared to the hot EGR. As a result, the EGR temperature has no significant impact on NOx emissions. With increasing EGR rate, unequal EGR distribution was increased in inlet port of cylinders while the reducing EGR temperature (cooled EGR) improved its distribution among the engine cylinders and decreased the EGR cylinder-to-cylinder variations.
S.d. Oduro,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)

This thesis looked at the effect of clay and silt soil blocking the heat transfer area of the radiator and its effect on the engine coolant through the conduct of experiments and a mathematical model developed. The results indicated that the percentage area covered resulted in a proportional increase of the inlet and outlet temperatures of the coolant in the radiator. The mathematically model developed also predicted the experimental data very well. Regression analysis pointed out that every 10% increase area of the radiator covered with silt soil resulted in an increase of about 17 oC of the outlet temperature of the radiator coolant. Similarly, using clay as a cover material, 10% of the area covered of the radiator resulted in an increase of about 20 oC of the outlet temperature of the radiator coolant. Statistical analysis pointed to the fact that the result obtained for clay, silt and the mathematical model were not significantly different. Thus, irrespective of the type of material that blocks the radiator surface area, the coolant rises with proportion of the radiator covered.
H. Pashazadeh, A. Masoumi, J. Teimournezhad,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2013)

The objective of this study was to develop a numerical model for the prediction of temperature distribution, effective plastic strain distribution, and especially material flow in friction stir welding of copper plates. The DEFORM-3D software was used by incorporating a lagrangian incremental formulation. Threedimensional results of the material flow pattern which were extracted using the point tracking are in good agreement with the experiment. It was shown that the main part of material flow occurs near the top surface. Material near the top surface at the behind of tool stretches from retreating side towards advancing side which leads to non-symmetrical shape of the stir zone. The stir zone shape in FSW of copper alloys, which was predicted by simulation, does not lean completely towards any sides of welding line.
Dr Behrooz Mashhadi, Dr Amirhasan Kakaee, Mr Ahmad Jafari,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2019)

In this research, a high-temperature Rankin cycle (HTRC) with two-stage pumping is presented and investigated. In this cycle, two different pressures and mass flow rates in the HTRC result in two advantages. First, the possibility of direct recovery from the engine block by working fluid of water, which is a low quality waste heat source, is created in a HTRC. Secondly, by doing this, the mean effective temperature of heat addition increases, and hence the efficiency of the Rankin cycle also improves.
The proposed cycle was examined with the thermodynamic model. The results showed that in a HTRC with a two-stage pumping with an increase of 8% in the mean effective temperature of heat addition, the cycle efficiency is slightly improved. Although the operational work obtained from the waste heat recovery from the engine cooling system was insignificant, the effect of the innovation on the recovery from the exhaust was significant. The innovation seems not economical for this low produced energy. However, it should be said that although the effect of the innovation on the increase of the recovery cycle efficiency is low, the changes that must be implemented in the system are also low. 
Mr. Nitin Kumar Aman, Dr. Sharifuddin Mondal,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (12-2021)

Brakes are a vital, prime, and accident preventive part of any motor vehicle. Brakes help in controlling the vehicle speed when needed by changing the kinetic energy and potential energy into thermal energy. In this work, we have found out temperature distribution, deformation distribution, equivalent stress distribution, and equivalent strain distribution by varying the number of vanes in a ventilated disc brake, considering the coupled thermal and structural field in transient conditions, and compared the results to find out the best possible design. We have considered the disc rotor’s material as grey cast iron and the disc pad’s material as carbon fiber reinforced carbon matrix. It has been found out that with an increase in the number of vanes, there is a reduction in the maximum deformation, maximum stress, and maximum strain and there is a slight increase in the maximum temperature during the whole simulation. A disc rotor with 18 vanes is found to be the best possible design among all 5 designs considered in this paper.

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