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Showing 8 results for Numerical

B. Jafari, D. Domiri Ganji,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)

Air pollution is one of the major issues about the diesel engines in todays' world. It is a special concern in those areas that have difficulty meeting health-based outdoor air quality standards. Natural gas has low emission and resource abundance and also conventional compression ignition engine can be easily converted to a dual fuel mode to use natural gas as main fuel and diesel as pilot injection. The main object of this work is to investigate the effect of number of injector nozzle hole on the combustion and exhaust emission in a gas engine ignited with diesel fuel. We use one and three-dimensional simulation in parallel way in order to analyze the performance and combustion process of a dual fuel engine. The experimental results have also reported and compared with the simulated data.
S. Jafarmadar, M. Khanbabazadeh,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)

In the present work, multidimensional modeling of open-cycle process of OM355 engine was developed. Calculations for computational mesh were carried out. The results of the model were validated by experimentally measured in-cylinder pressure and the good agreement between calculations and measurements approved the trustworthy of numerical code. Results included pressure, temperature, emission and Rate of heat release diagrams were represented for the full cycle. Furthermore local flow field velocity vectors were indicated. The results show the importance of open-cycle simulations in automotive researches.
H. Golbakhshi, M. Namjoo,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (6-2015)

The viscoelastic effect of rubber material on creation of rolling resistance is responsible for 10-33% dissipation of supplied power at the tire/road interaction surface. So, evaluating this kind of loss is very essential in any analysis concerned with energy saving. The transient dynamic analysis for including the rolling effects of the tire requires long CPU time and the obtained results are prone to considerable numerical oscillations. By adding the equivalent loads to static interaction of tire with the road, an efficient 3D FE analysis is presented for evaluating the dissipated energy of a rolling tire. The results closely match the related experimental and numerical investigations.
M.h. Shojaeefard, G.r. Molaeimanesh, N. Aghamirzaei, S. Ghezelbiglo, B. Zeinolabedini,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (12-2015)

Due to the increasing development in various branches of the automotive industry, the need for a comfort climate in the cabin is more sensible. However, to achieve climate comfort, HVAC system consumes a considerable amount of engine power. Hence, improving HVAC system performance leads to more energy saving of the vehicle which is a critical factor for nowadays automotive. Besides, one crucial task of HVAC system is defrosting/defogging of windshield which is considered as a mandatory requirement in most countries. In the current study, the defrosting/defogging performance of HVAC system in the main product of national vehicle platform is numerically evaluated based on the ECE-78-715 legal requirement. For this purpose, after validation and mesh independency study, the transient air flow in three-dimensional cabin geometry is simulated by SSTk-ω turbulence model via ANSYS Fluent software and the windshield thermal condition is reported during defrosting/defogging. Besides, two national HVAC standards of AERC-10-01 and AERC-10-02 are also checked. The results demonstrate that HVAC system of the main product of the national vehicle platform can satisfactorily fulfill ECE-78-715, AERC-10-01 and AERC-10-02.

M. Siavashi,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2016)

In this study, a numerical computational fluid dynamics study is conducted in order to predict the aerodynamic forces on the NP car. The turbulent air flow around the car is modeled using the realizable k-ε model. First, results are validated against those presented for the Ahmed’s body. Next, the fluid flow around the car is simulated for different car speeds ( to mph) and flow directions ( to degree) and the drag and lift forces and coefficients are calculated. Increasing the car speed leads to increase of the drag and lift forces. While, the drag and lift coefficients of the car for all studied speeds are almost constant and are respectively equal to . and . . In addition, for different flow directions the drag coefficient would increase up to . . Also, the effect of mirrors on the drag force is investigated. Results reveal that removing the mirrors leads to approximately reduction in the drag force with no significant reduction in the drag coefficient. Furthermore, the effect of car elevation on the drag and lift forces is analyzed. It has been shown that when the car elevation decreases up to mm, the drag force will decrease more than , and the drag and lift coefficients are still constant. Keywords: road sign detection, text detection, object detection from video, fuzzy logic, MSER

Hesam Moghadasi, Sasan Asiaei,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2018)

This paper investigates 3D simulation of fluid flow in a centrifugal pump from the Detroit Diesel company to extract possible engine cooling trends.  The velocity and pressure profile of water, the coolant, is analyzed and the characteristic curves of the pump are derived. This provides a useful evaluation of the pump performance at all working conditions. For this aim, a computational fluid dynamic model is developed using ANSYS CFX for a wide span of flow rates and a number of shaft angular velocities. The variation of constituting parameters are examined using dimension-less descriptive parameters of flow, head and power coefficients, finally, the efficiency of the pump is examined. In this analysis, sst-k-w turbulent model is employed which is a combination of two different models for pumps and turbomachines. Numerical results show that prolonged cooling duty cycles of the vehicle should accompany a flow factor of 10%. In addition, the peak of the vehicle’s loading should match the maximum efficiency of the pump that can be increased to 62% by augmentation of flow rate and flow coefficient.
Dr Javad Zareei, Prof Mohamad Hasn Aghakhani, Mr Saeed Ahmadipour,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (9-2019)

Changing the compression ratio and presence of turbocharger are two important issues, affecting on performance, and exhaust emissions in internal combustion engines. To study the functional properties and exhaust emissions in regards to compression ratio at different speeds, the numerical solution of the governing equations on the fluid flow inside the combustion chamber and the numerical solution of one-dimensional computational fluid dynamics with the GT-Power software carried out. The diesel engine was with a displacement of 6.4 Lit and Turbocharged six-cylinder. In this engine was chosen, the compression ratio between 15: 1 and 19: 1 with intervals of one unit and the range of engine speed was from 800 to 2400 rpm. The results showed that by the presence of a turbocharger and changing the compression ratio from 17: 1 to 19: 1, the braking power and torque increased by about 56.24% compared to the non-turbocharged engine. In addition, was reduced the brake specific fuel consumption due to higher power output. The amount of CO and HC emissions decreases based on the reduction of the compression ratio compared to the based case, and the NOX value increases due to the production of higher heat than turbocharged engines. The overall results showed that the turbocharged engine with a 19: 1 compression ratio has the best performance and pollution characteristics.
Mohammad Reza Azmoodeh, Prof. Ali Keshavarz, Alireza Batooei, Hojjat Saberinejad, Mohammad Payandeh Doost, Hossein Keshtkar,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (9-2020)

A multi-objective optimization and thermal analysis is performed by both experimental and numerical approaches on a Stirling engine cooler and heater. The power generated is measured experimentally by an electrical engine coupled with the crank case, and the friction is estimated by the difference between the necessary power used for rotating the engine at a specific pressure and speed, versus the actual power measured experimentally. In the experimental approach, different conditions were considered; for example, the charge pressure varied from 5-9 bars, and the engine speed varied from 286-1146 rpm. The maximum power generated was 461.3 W and was reported at 9 bars of charge pressure and 1146 rpm engine speed. Numerical approach was carried to simulate thermal balance for investigations on the effect of friction, engine speed and efficiency on generated engine power. Average values of Nusselt number and coefficient of friction were suggested from simulation results.
The multi-objective optimization was held using DOE method for maximizing engine efficiency and power, and also minimizing pressure drop. The top and bottom boundary values for our optimization were 5-9 bars of pressure and 286-1146 rpm of engine speed; for both helium and carbon dioxide. To do so, all three significance factors (engine speed, efficiency and friction) were given different weights, thus different combinations of weight value was investigated
Amongst different interesting findings, results showed that if the efficiency weight factor changed from 1 to 3, for helium in a specific condition, the optimum engine speed would increase by approximately 30.6 %

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