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Showing 2 results for Soleymani

Moein Nili Ahmadabadi, Dr. Pouria Ahmadi, Mahdi Soleymani, Seyed Alireza Atyabi, Dr. Mohammadjafar Hadad,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (12-2019)
Abstract

One of the most significant issues of recent decades is pollution and dangers that may threat the environment. Different approaches were presented to protect the environment and target various sources of pollution. Old vehicles are one of the major sources of pollution in megacities as they consume and emit a lot of emissions. Therefore governments in different countries try to levy tax on pollution to motivate people to drive environment friendly and more efficient vehicles.
Tehran is one of the cities suffering rigorously from poor air quality. As a result, approximately 44 days in each year the air quality reckons as unhealthy for all residents. One of the suggested solutions is replacing conventional taxis across the city with hybrid electric vehicles. In this article this solution for the city of Tehran, Iran will be discussed and its feasibility will be evaluated using life cycle assessment.  
In order to conduct this, first data associated with air quality, pollution and taxis distribution in the city were presented. Then different designated vehicles were evaluated based on their technical performance and the emission they generate in different stages. Using the proposed model a comprehensive cost is defined and different vehicles were compared and the most viable choices by various considerations is introduced.
Ali Akbar Majidi-Jirandehi, Moslem Mohammadi Soleymani, Hossein Dehghani,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (9-2021)
Abstract

Today, many car manufacturers can achieve emission standards through catalytic converters. The goals of this research was in tow sections. Initially, the amount of pollutants was measured to determine the role of the catalytic converters in the reduction of pollutants for 3 types of vehicles and in 50 cases, in the two stages before and after the catalytic converter. Then, to achieve the useful life of the catalytic converter, out of 750 test vehicle emissions were tested. Data analysis was done by SPSS software, which shows that catalytic converters can reduce up to 80% of exhaust emissions. This is independent of the type of vehicle. The useful life of the catalytic converters is up to 36 months, so they should be replaced at least every three years. Also, the pollutant standards of the technical examination centers are reviewed. For this purpose, the pollutants have been measured in 2200 vehicles. Due to the huge difference in technology, cars are divided into two main categories of carburetor and injector and are analyzed statistically. Eventually, for each group of these vehicles, the values of HC, CO and O2 are obtained.

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