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Showing 3 results for Saadat

Mohsen Esfahanian, Mohammad Saadat, Parisa Karami,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2018)

Hybrid electric vehicles employ a hydraulic braking system and a regenerative braking system together to provide enhanced braking performance and energy regeneration. In this paper an integrated braking system is proposed for an electric hybrid vehicle that include a hydraulic braking system and a regenerative braking system which is functionally connected to an electric traction motor. In the proposed system, four independent anti-lock fuzzy controllers are developed to adjust the hydraulic braking torque in front and rear wheels. Also, an antiskid controller is applied to adjust the regenerative braking torque dynamically.  A supervisory controller, is responsible for the management of this system.  The proposed integrated braking system is simulated in different driving cycles. Fuzzy rules and membership functions are optimized considering the objective functions as SoC and slip coefficient in various road conditions. The simulation results show that the fuel consumption and the energy loss in the braking is reduced. In the other hand, this energy is regenerated and stored in the batteries, especially in the urban cycles with high start/stop frequency. The slip ratio remains close to the desired value and the slip will not occur in the whole driving cycle. Therefore, the proposed integrated braking system can be considered as a safe, anti-lock and regenerative braking system.
Mohammad Saadat, Mohsen Esfahanian,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (9-2020)

Reducing the fuel consumption and energy use in transportation systems are the active research areas in recent years. This paper considers the repetitive mission of the intercity passenger buses as a case for fuel reduction. A look-ahead energy management system is proposed which uses the information about the geometry and speed limits of the road ahead. This data can be extracted using road slope and speed limits database in combination with a GPS unit. A fuzzy gain scheduling algorithm is proposed to improve the performance of the look-ahead control. The road slope and speed limit specifications called road pattern can define some two dimensional regions. The main parameters of the proposed fuzzy look-ahead controller are optimized in each region using the genetic algorithm.  The final output of the proposed controller is the desired speed that regularly is fed to the conventional cruise controller with new set points. The simulation results of the proposed energy management system show that the fuel consumption is significantly reduced.
Abolfazl Ghanbari Barzian, Mohammad Saadat, Hossein Saeedi Masine,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (3-2022)

Environmental pollution and reduction of fossil fuel resources can be considered as the most important challenges for human society in the recent years. The results of previous studies show that the main consumer of fossil fuels and, consequently, most of the air pollutants, is related to the transportation industry and especially cars. The increasing growth of vehicles, the increase in traffic and the decrease in the average speed of inner-city vehicles have led to a sharp increase in fuel consumption. To address this problem, automakers have proposed the development and commercialization of hybrid vehicles as an alternative to internal combustion vehicles. In this paper, the design of an energy management system in a fuel-cell hybrid vehicle based on the look-ahead fuzzy control is considered. The preparation of fuzzy rules and the design of membership functions is based on the fuel efficiency curve of the fuel-cell. In look-ahead fuzzy control, the ahead conditions of the vehicle are the basis for decision in terms of slope and speed limit due to path curves as well as battery charge level. The fuzzy controller will determine the on or off status of the fuel-cell, as well as the power required. The motion of the fuel-cell hybrid vehicle on a real road is simulated and the performance of the proposed look-ahead controller is compared with the base controller (thermostatic method). The simulation results show that using the proposed approach can reduce the fuel consumption of the fuel-cell hybrid vehicle as well as travel time.

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