Volume 5, Issue 2 (6-2015)                   ASE 2015, 5(2): 1026-1038 | Back to browse issues page

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Ashuri H. Thermo-mechanical analysis of diesel engines cylinder heads using a two-layer viscoelasticity model with considering viscosity effects. ASE 2015; 5 (2) :1026-1038
URL: http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijae/article-1-317-en.html
Abstract:   (17189 Views)
Loading conditions and complex geometry have led the cylinder heads to become the most challenging parts of diesel engines. One of the most important durability problems in diesel engines is due to the cracks valves bridge area. The purpose of this study is a thermo-mechanical analysis of cylinder heads of diesel engines using a two-layer viscoelasticity model. The results of the thermo-mechanical analysis indicated that the maximum temperature and stress occurred in the valves bridge. The results of the finite element analysis correspond with the experimental tests, carried out by researchers, and illustrated the cylinder heads cracked in this region. The results of the thermo-mechanical analysis showed that when the engine is running the stress in the region is compressive caused by the thermal loading and combustion pressure. When the engine shut off the compressive stress turned into the tensile stress because of assembly loads. The valves bridge was under the cyclic tensile and compressive stress and then is under low cycle fatigue. After several cycles the fatigue cracks will appear in this region. The lifetime of this part can be determined through finite element analysis instead of experimental tests. Viscous strain was more than the plastic strain which is not negligible.
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