Aerospace Research Center
The design, build, and launch of a satellite are proof of a country’s technological and scientific growth. Aerospace technology has been considered as a tool towards expanding comfort, culture, knowledge, and economy in a society. World nations have benefited from this technology based on their capacities, abilities, and efforts.
Nowadays, countries are divided based on technological divisions. Countries with the more advanced technology claim to be stronger. Complications, low margin of error, price, build, and launch are all crucial factors to consider when launching a satellite. It therefore becomes necessary to improvise extra caution in all mechanisms and requirements when building a satellite so to reduce the possibilities of error and suspension of mission.
It is also important to consider the following in the build and execution of a satellite:
· Access to satellite build technology
· Access to space technology
· Ability to measure from long distance
· Providing communication and connections
IUST research center for aerospace began its mission to achieve the above goals since 2007 with the efforts of IUST professors and students. In 2011, during the thirty second anniversary of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, this center launched its first space product, the IUST Navid-ST Satellite, built and designed by devoted citizens in the field of science and technology. The successful launch of this satellite is part of a larger project for the country’s efforts in the areas of aerospace. Relying on the successful experiences of this project, Iran University of Science and Technology is proud to pronounce its second aerospace product, the IUST Zafar-ST National Satellite, which will be completed in the near future. The Zafar-ST National Satellite is a well advanced satellite that has the full capabilities of color imaging, with the power to distinguish more than 80 meters, and can also receive messages between users. The circular orbit of this satellite has an altitude of 500 kilometers, and a declination of 55 degrees. Its mass is at least 100 kg, it has a triaxial stability, and its life span is more than 1/5 of the year, which in comparison to the prior IUST Navid Satellite system, has improved more than 9 times. This matter has promoted the level of technology in the design and build of electronic and mechanical equipment. Chart 1 shows the comparison between the two national satellites, Navid and Zafar.