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Showing 9 results for Tuned Mass Dampers

Y. Arfiadi, M.n.s. Hadi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (3-2011)

Tuned mass dampers (TMDs) systems are one of the vibration controlled devices used to reduce the response of buildings subject to lateral loadings such as wind and earthquake loadings. Although TMDs system has received much attention from researchers due to their simplicity, the optimization of properties and placement of TMDs is a challenging task. Most research studies consider optimization of TMDs properties. However, the placement of TMDs in a building is also important. This paper considers optimum placement as well as properties of TMDs. Genetic algorithms (GAs) is used to optimize the location and properties of TMDs. Because the location of TMDs at a particular floor of a building is a discrete number, it is represented by binary coded genetic algorithm (BCGA), whereas the properties of TMDS are best suited to be represented by using real coded genetic algorithm (RCGA). The combination of these optimization tools represents a hybrid coded genetic algorithm (HCGA) that optimizes discrete and real values of design variables in one arrangement. It is shown that the optimization tool presented in this paper is stable and has the ability to explore an unknown domain of interest of the design variables, especially in the case of real coding parts. The simulation of the optimized TMDs subject to earthquake ground accelerations shows that the present approaches are comparable and/or outperform the available methods.
M. Mohebbi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)

Tuned mass damper (TMD) have been studied and installed in structures extensively to protect the structures against lateral loads. Multiple tuned mass dampers (MTMDs) which include a number of TMDs with different parameters have been proposed for improving the performance of single TMDs. When the structural system is considered as multiple degrees of freedom (MDOF) and implemented with MTMDs, there is no effective closed-form solution to determine the optimal parameters of MTMDs. On the other hand designing optimal MTMDs include a large number of variables. For optimal design of MTMDs, in this research an effective method has been proposed in which the parameters of TMDs are determined based on minimizing the Hankel’s norm of structure. Since the optimization procedure includes a large number of variables, hence it has been decided to use Genetic Algorithms (GAs) for determining the variables. For numerical simulation, the method has been utilized on an eight-storey shear frame modeled as MDOF, and optimal MTMDs have been designed. The results show that using the Hankel’s norm of structure as objective function has led to design effective MTMDs which could be effective in reducing the response of structure, especially the average value, under different far-field and near-field earthquakes. Also it has been found that the method is effective regarding its simplicity and convergence in solving complex optimization problem. Through extensive numerical analysis the effect of MTMDs mass ratio and TMDs number in MTMDs has been studied.
A. Farshidianfar, S. Soheili,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2013)

This paper investigates the optimized parameters of Tuned Mass Dampers (TMDs) for high-rise structures considering Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) effects. Three optimization methods, namely the ant colony optimization (ACO) technique together with artificial bee colony (ABC) and shuffled complex evolution (SCE) methods are utilized for the optimization of TMD Mass, damping coefficient and spring stiffness as the design variables. The objective is to decrease the maximum displacement of structure. The 40 story structure with three soil types is employed to design TMD for six types of far field earthquakes. The results are then utilized to obtain relations for the optimized TMD parameters with SSI effects. The relations are then applied to design TMD for the same structure with another five types of far field oscillations, and reasonable results are achieved. For further investigations, the obtained relations are utilized to design TMD for a new structure, and the reduction values are obtained for five types of earthquakes, which show acceptable results. This study improves the understanding of earthquake oscillations, and helps the designers to achieve the optimized TMD for high-rise buildings.
M. Mohebbi, S. Moradpour , Y. Ghanbarpour,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2014)

In this research, optimal design and assessment of multiple tuned mass dampers (MTMDs) capability in mitigating the damage of nonlinear steel structures subjected to earthquake excitation has been studied. Optimal parameters of TMDs on nonlinear multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) structures have been determined based on minimizing the maximum relative displacement (drift) of structure where for solving the optimization problem the genetic algorithm (GA) has been used successfully. For numerical analysis, three and nine storey 2-D moment resisting nonlinear steel frames subjected to far-field and near-field earthquakes and optimal MTMDs has been designed for different values of mass ratio and TMDs number. According to the results of numerical simulations, it can be said that MTMDs mechanism could reduce the damage of nonlinear steel structures where the effectiveness increases by increasing TMDs mass ratio. Also the performance of MTMDs depends on earthquake characteristics, mass ratio and TMDs configuration where in this research the effective case has been locating TMDs on top floor in parallel configuration.
M. Khatibinia, H. Gholami, S. F. Labbafi,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (10-2016)

Tuned  mass  dampers  (TMDs)  are  as  a  efficient  control  tool  in  order  to  reduce  undesired vibrations  of  tall  buildings  and  large–span  bridges  against  lateral  loads  such  as  wind  and earthquake. Although many researchers has been widely  investigated  TMD systems  due to its  simplicity  and  application,  the  optimization  of  parameters  and  placement  of  TMD  are challenging tasks. Furthermore, ignoring the effects of soil–structure interaction (SSI) may lead to unrealistic desig of structure and its dampers. Hence, the  effects of SSI should be considered  in  the  design  of  TMD.  Therefore,  the  main  aim  of  this  study  is  to  optimize parameters  of  TMD  subjected  to  earthquake  and  considering  the  effects  of  SSI.  In  this regard,  the  parameters  of  TMD  including  mass,  stiffness  and   damping  optimization  are considered  as  the  variables  of  optimization.  The  maximum  absolute  displacement  and acceleration of structure are also simultaneously selected as objective functions. The multi –objective particle  swarm optimization  (MOPSO) algorithm  is adopted  to find  the  optimal parameters  of  TMD.  In  this  study,  the  Lagrangian  method  is  utilized  for  obtaining  the equations of motion for SSI system, and the time domain analysis is implemented based on Newmark method. In order to investigate the effects of SSI in the optimal design of TMD, a 40 storey shear building with a TMD subjected to the El–Centro earthquake is considered. The  numerical  results  show  that  the  SSI  effects  have  the  significant  influence  on  the optimum parameters of TMD.

M. Mohebbi, N. Alesh Nabidoust,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (10-2018)

The main focus of this research has been to investigate the effectiveness of optimal single and multiple Tuned Mass Dampers (TMDs) under different ground motions as well as to develop a procedure for designing TMD and MTMDs to be effective under multiple records. To determine the parameters of TMD and MTMDs under multiple records various scenarios have been suggested and their efficiency has been assessed. For numerical simulations, a ten-story linear shear building frame subjected to 12 real earthquakes as well as a filtered white noise record and optimum parameters of TMDs and MTMDs have been determined by solving an optimization problem using genetic algorithm (GA). The results show that when designing optimal TMD and MTMD under a specific ground motion, using the optimization procedure leads to achieve the best performance while the characteristics of the design earthquake strongly affects the performance of TMDs. Furthermore, it has been found that TMDs and MTMDs designed using only one earthquake as the design record have not worked successfully under multiple ground motions. For determining the parameters of TMDs to be effective under multiple records it has been suggested to use the mean of optimal TMDs parameters obtained using each of the design records.
R. Kamgar, M. Khatibinia, M. Khatibinia,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (4-2019)

Many researches have focused on the optimal design of tuned mass damper (TMD) system without the effect of soil–structure interaction (SSI), so that ignoring the effect of SSI may lead to an undesirable and unrealistic design of TMD. Furthermore, many optimization criteria have been proposed for the optinal design of the TMD system. Hence, the main aim of this study is to compare different optimization criteria for the optimal design of the TMD system considering the effects of SSI in a high–rise building. To acheive this purpose, the optimal TMD for a 40–storey shear building is firstly evaluated by expressing the objective functions in terms of the reduction of structural responses (including the displacement and acceleration) and the limitation of the scaled stroke of TMD. Then, the best optimization criterion is selected, which leads to the best performance for the vibration control of the structure. In this study, the whale optimization algorithm (WOA) is employed to optimize the parameters of the TMD system. The numerical results show that the soil type and selected objective function efficiently affect the optimal design of the TMD system.
S. Bakhshinezhad, M. Mohebbi,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (6-2019)

In this paper, a procedure has been presented to develop fragility curves of structures equipped with optimal variable damping or stiffness semi-active tuned mass dampers (SATMDs). To determine proper variable damping or stiffness of semi-active devices in each time step, instantaneous optimal control algorithm with clipped control concept has been used. Optimal SATMDs have been designed based on minimization of maximum inter-story drift of nonlinear structure which genetic algorithm(GA) has been used to solve the optimization problem. For numerical analysis, a nonlinear eight-story shear building with bilinear hysteresis material behavior has been used. Fragility curves for the structure equipped with optimal variable damping and stiffness SATMDs have been developed for different performance levels and compared with that of uncontrolled structure as well as structure controlled using passive TMD. Numerical analysis has shown that for most range of intensity measure optimal SATMDs have been effective in enhancement of the seismic fragility of the nonlinear structures which the improvement has been more than passive TMDs. Also, it has been found that, although variable stiffness SATMD shows to be more reliable in lower mass ratios, however in higher mass ratios variable stiffness and damping SATMDs performs similarly to improve reliability of the structure.
S. Bakhshinezhad, M. Mohebbi,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (6-2020)

In this paper, a procedure has been introduced to the multi-objective optimal design of semi-active tuned mass dampers (SATMDs) with variable stiffness for nonlinear structures considering soil-structure interaction under multiple earthquakes. Three bi-objective optimization problems have been defined by considering the mean of maximum inter-story drift as safety criterion of structural components, absolute acceleration as the criterion of occupants’ convenience, and safety of non-structural acceleration sensitive components, as well as SATMD relative displacement as the cost criterion of the control device. The parameters of the weighting matrices of the instantaneous optimal control algorithm and the maximum and minimum level of variable stiffness of the semi-active device have been considered as design variables. An improved version of the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II), has been employed to solve the optimization problems and figure out the set of Pareto optimal solutions. SATMDs with different mass ratios have been designed for an eight-story shear type building with bilinear elasto-plastic stiffness model where the soil-structure interaction has been incorporated by Cone model with three degrees of freedom for the soil. Results show the capability and simplicity of the proposed procedure to design SATMDs considering multiple performance criteria. It is observed that this procedure can offer a wide range of optimal solutions throughout the Pareto front which can be chosen by the designer based on desired performance and application of the structure.

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