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Showing 8 results for Isogeometric Analysis

S. Shojaee, N. Valizadeh , M. Arjomand,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)
Abstract

One primary problem in shape optimization of structures is making a robust link between design model (geometric description) and analysis model. This paper investigates the potential of Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) for solving this problem. The generic framework of shape optimization of structures is presented based on Isogeometric analysis. By discretization of domain via NURBS functions, the analysis model will precisely demonstrate the geometry of structure. In this study Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is used for Isogeometric shape optimization. The option of selecting the position and weight of control points as design variables, needless to sensitivity analysis relationships, is the superiority of the proposed method over gradient-based methods. The other advantages of this method are its straightforward implementation
S. Shojaee, M. Mohamadianb , N. Valizadeh,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (3-2012)
Abstract

In the present paper, an approach is proposed for structural topology optimization based on combination of Radial Basis Function (RBF) Level Set Method (LSM) with Isogeometric Analysis (IGA). The corresponding combined algorithm is detailed. First, in this approach, the discrete problem is formulated in Isogeometric Analysis framework. The objective function based on compliance of particular locations of materials in the structure is used and find the optimal distribution of material in the domain to minimize the compliance of the system under a volume constraint. The refinement is employed for construction of the physical mesh to be consistent with the mesh is used for level set function. Then a parameterized level set method with radial basis functions (RBFs) is used for structural topology optimization. Finally, several numerical examples are provided to confirm the validity of the method.
S. Shojaee, E. Izadpenah, A. Haeri,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

NURBS-based isogeometric analysis (IGA) has currently been applied as a new numerical method in a considerable range of engineering problems. Due to non-interpolatory characteristic of NURBS basis functions, the properties of Kronecker Delta are not satisfied in IGA, and as a consequence, the imposition of essential boundary condition needs special treatment. The main contribution of this study is to use the well-known Lagrange multiplier method to impose essential boundary conditions for improving the accuracy of the isogeometric solution. Unlike the direct and transformation methods which are based on separation of control points, this method is capable of modeling incomplete Dirichlet boundaries. The solution accuracy and convergence rates of proposed method are compared with direct and transformation methods through various numerical examples.
S. M. Tavakkoli, B. Hassani , H. Ghasemnejad ,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)
Abstract

The Isogeometric Analysis (IA) method is applied for structural topology optimization instead of the finite element method. For this purpose, the material density is considered as a continuous function throughout the design domain and approximated by the Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) basis functions. The coordinates of control points which are also used for constructing the density function, are considered as design variables of the optimization problem. In order to change the design variables towards optimum, the Method of Moving Asymptotes (MMA) is used. To alleviate the formation of layouts with porous media, the density function is penalized during the optimization process. A few examples are presented to demonstrate the performance of the method.
S. M. Tavakkoli , B. Hassani,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (6-2014)
Abstract

A new method for structural topology optimization is introduced which employs the Isogeometric Analysis (IA) method. In this approach, an implicit function is constructed over the whole domain by Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) basis functions which are also used for creating the geometry and the surface of solution of the elasticity problem. Inspiration of the level set method zero level of the function describes the boundary of the structure. An optimality criterion is derived to improve the implicit function towards the optimum boundaries. The last section of this paper is devoted to some numerical examples in order to demonstrate the performance of the method as well as the concluding remarks.
H. S. Kazemi, S. M. Tavakkoli, R. Naderi,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2016)
Abstract

The Isogeometric Analysis (IA) is utilized for structural topology optimization  considering minimization of weight and local stress constraints. For this purpose, material density of the structure  is  assumed  as  a  continuous  function  throughout  the  design  domain  and approximated using the Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) basis functions. Control points of the density surface are considered as design variables of the optimization problem that can change the topology during the optimization process. For initial design, weight and stresses of the structure are obtained based on full material density over the design domain. The  Method  of  Moving  Asymptotes  (MMA)  is  employed  for  optimization  algorithm. Derivatives of the objective function and constraints with respect to the design variables are determined  through  a  direct  sensitivity  analysis.  In  order  to  avoid  singularity  a  relaxation technique  is  used  for  calculating  stress  constraints.  A  few  examples  are  presented  to demonstrate the performance of the method. It is shown that using the IA method and an appropriate stress relaxation technique can lead to reasonable optimum layouts.


M. Roodsarabi, M. Khatibinia , S. R. Sarafrazi,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (9-2016)
Abstract

This study focuses on the topology optimization of structures using a hybrid of level set method (LSM) incorporating sensitivity analysis and isogeometric analysis (IGA). First, the topology optimization problem is formulated using the LSM based on the shape gradient. The shape gradient easily handles boundary propagation with topological changes. In the LSM, the topological gradient method as sensitivity analysis is also utilized to precisely design new holes in the interior domain. The hybrid of these gradients can yield an efficient algorithm which has more flexibility in changing topology of structure and escape from local optimal in the optimization process. Finally, instead of the conventional finite element method (FEM) a Non–Uniform Rational B–Splines (NURBS)–based IGA is applied to describe the field variables as the geometry of the domain. In IGA approach, control points play the same role with nodes in FEM, and B–Spline functions are utilized as shape functions of FEM for analysis of structure. To demonstrate the performance of the proposed method, three benchmark examples widely used in topology optimization are presented. Numerical results show that the proposed method outperform other LSMs.


M. Khatibinia, M. Roodsarabi, M. Barati,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (8-2018)
Abstract

This paper presents the topology optimization of plane structures using a binary level set (BLS) approach and isogeometric analysis (IGA). In the standard level set method, the domain boundary is descripted as an isocountour of a scalar function of a higher dimensionality. The evolution of this boundary is governed by Hamilton–Jacobi equation. In the BLS method, the interfaces of subdomains are implicitly represented by the discontinuities of BLS functions taking two values 1 or −1. The subdomains interfaces are represented by discontinuities of these functions. Using a two–phase approximation and the BLS approach the original structural optimization problem is reformulated as an equivalent constrained optimization problem in terms of this level set function. For solving drawbacks of the conventional finite element method (FEM), IGA based on a Non–Uniform Rational B–Splines (NURBS) is adopted to describe the field variables as the geometry of the domain. For this purpose, the B–Spline functions are utilized as the shape functions of FEM for analysis of structure and the control points are considered the same role with nodes in FEM. Three benchmark examples are presented to investigate the performance the topology optimization based on the proposed method. Numerical results demonstrate that the BLS method with IGA can be utilized in this field.

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