Search published articles


Showing 22 results for Acceleration

Y. Arfiadi, M.n.s. Hadi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (3-2011)
Abstract

Tuned mass dampers (TMDs) systems are one of the vibration controlled devices used to reduce the response of buildings subject to lateral loadings such as wind and earthquake loadings. Although TMDs system has received much attention from researchers due to their simplicity, the optimization of properties and placement of TMDs is a challenging task. Most research studies consider optimization of TMDs properties. However, the placement of TMDs in a building is also important. This paper considers optimum placement as well as properties of TMDs. Genetic algorithms (GAs) is used to optimize the location and properties of TMDs. Because the location of TMDs at a particular floor of a building is a discrete number, it is represented by binary coded genetic algorithm (BCGA), whereas the properties of TMDS are best suited to be represented by using real coded genetic algorithm (RCGA). The combination of these optimization tools represents a hybrid coded genetic algorithm (HCGA) that optimizes discrete and real values of design variables in one arrangement. It is shown that the optimization tool presented in this paper is stable and has the ability to explore an unknown domain of interest of the design variables, especially in the case of real coding parts. The simulation of the optimized TMDs subject to earthquake ground accelerations shows that the present approaches are comparable and/or outperform the available methods.
A. Nozari , H.e. Estekanchi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (6-2011)
Abstract

Numerical simulation of structural response is a challenging issue in earthquake engineering and there has been remarkable progress in this area in the last decade. Endurance Time (ET) method is a new response history based analysis procedure for seismic assessment and structural design in which structures are subjected to a gradually intensifying dynamic excitation and their seismic performance is evaluated based on their responses at different excitation levels. Generating appropriate artificial dynamic excitation is essential in this type of analysis. In this paper, an optimization procedure is presented for computation of the intensifying acceleration functions utilized in the ET method and the results of this procedure are discussed. A set of the ET acceleration functions (ETAFs) is considered which has been produced utilizing numerical optimization considering 2048 acceleration points as optimization variables by an unconstrained optimization procedure. The ET formulation is then modified from the continuous time condition into the discrete time state thus the optimization problem is reformulated as a nonlinear least squares problem. In this way, a second set of the ETAFs is generated which better satisfies the proposed objective function. Subsequently, acceleration points are increased to 4096, for 40 seconds duration, and the third set of the ETAFs is produced using a multi level optimization procedure. Improvement of the ETAFs is demonstrated by analyzing several SDOF systems.
A. Bagheria, G. Ghodrati Amirib, M. Khorasanib , J. Haghdoust,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)
Abstract

The main objective of this study is to present new method on the basis of genetic algorithms for attenuation relationship determination of horizontal peak ground acceleration and spectral acceleration. The proposed method employs the optimization capabilities of genetic algorithm to determine the coefficients of attenuation relationships of peak ground and spectral accelerations. This method has been applied to 361 Iranian earthquake records with magnitudes between 4.5 and 7.4 obtained from two seismic zones, namely Zagros and Alborz-Central Iran. The obtained results indicated that the proposed method can be characterized as a powerful tool for prediction horizontal peak ground and spectral accelerations.
A. Farshidianfar, S. Soheili,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

This paper investigates the optimized parameters for the tuned liquid column dampers to decrease the earthquake vibrations of high-rise buildings. Considering soil effects, the soilstructure interaction (SSI) is involved in this model. The Tuned Liquid Column Damper (TLCD) is also utilized on the roof of the building. Since the TLCD is a nonlinear device, the time domain analysis based on nonlinear Newmark method is employed to obtain the displacement, velocity and acceleration of different stories and TLCD. To illustrate the results, Kobe earthquake data is applied to the model. In order to obtain the best settings for TLCD, different parameters of TLCD are examined with constant mass quantity. The effective length, head loss coefficient, cross sectional ratio and length ratio of TLCD are assumed as the design variables. The objective is to reduce the maximum absolute and Root Mean Square (RMS) values of displacement and acceleration during earthquake vibration. The results show that the TLCDs are very effective and beneficial devices for decreasing the oscillations of high-rise buildings. It is indicated that the soil type highly affects the suitable parameters of TLCD subjected to the earthquake oscillations. This study helps the researchers to the better understanding of earthquake vibration of the structures including soil effects, and leads the designers to achieve the optimized TLCD for the high-rise buildings.
A. Kaveh , V.r. Mahdavi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

Endurance Time Acceleration Functions are specially predesigned intensifying excitation functions that their amplitude increases with time. On the other hand, wavelet transform is a mathematical tool that indicates time variations of frequency in a signal. In this paper, an approach is presented for generating endurance time acceleration functions (ETAFs) whose response spectrum is compatible with the European Code regulations (EC8) elastic spectrum. Method applied is a modification of data in time and frequency domain. For this purpose, wavelet transform has been used to decompose a series of random points to several levels such that each level covers a special range of frequency, then every level is divided into the numbers of equal time intervals and each interval of time is multiplied by a variable. Subsequently, the mathematical unconstrained optimization algorithm is used to calculate the variables and minimize error between response and target spectra. The prosed procedure is used in two methods. Then with two methods, two different acceleration functions are produced.
M.a. Hariri Ardebili, H. Mirzabozorg, R. Kianoush,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (10-2012)
Abstract

In the present paper, nonlinear behavior of mass concrete simulated by smeared crack model is combined with Endurance Time Analysis (ETA) method for studying seismic response of arch dams. ETA is a time-history based dynamic pushover procedure in which special predesigned intensifying acceleration functions are used for analysis and estimation of structural responses in various performance levels by just a single analysis. For this purpose 203m DEZ arch dam is selected as case study and the finite element model of dam-reservoir-foundation system is excited in various performance levels. It was found that ETA provides reasonable responses in comparison with Time-History Analysis (THA) at equivalent target time. In addition, ETAleads to acceptable estimation of crack profiles within dam body and can reduce the total time of analyses, meaningfully. Generally, it was concluded that ETA can be considered as an alternative of THA in nonlinear analysis of arch dams.
M. Mashayekhi, H.e. Estekanchi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)
Abstract

Endurance Time Method (ET) is a dynamic analysis in which structures are subjected to intensifying accelerograms that are optimized in a way that seismic performance of structures can be estimated at different hazard levels with the best possible accuracy. For the currently available ET accelerograms, regardless of the shaking characteristic, an excitation level is recognized as a representative of a specific hazard level, when the acceleration and the displacement spectrum produced by the ET accelerograms up to that excitation level will be compatible with the acceleration and the displacement spectrum associated with that hazard level. This study compares the shaking characteristics of the current ET accelerograms with the ground motions. For this purpose, distribution of plastic cycles and the equivalent number of the cycles are considered as shaking properties of a motion. This study suggests a procedure to achieve the best possible consistency between the equivalent number of cycles of the current ET records and the ground motions. Moreover, a procedure to generate the new generation and optimization of the ET accelerograms which are more consistent with the ground motions are suggested.
G. Ghodrati Amiri, K. Iraji , P. Namiranian,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2014)
Abstract

The Hartley transform, a real-valued alternative to the complex Fourier transform, is presented as an efficient tool for the analysis and simulation of earthquake accelerograms. This paper is introduced a novel method based on discrete Hartley transform (DHT) and radial basis function (RBF) neural network for generation of artificial earthquake accelerograms from specific target spectrums. Acceleration time histories of horizontal earthquake ground motion are obtained by the capability of learning of RBF neural network to expand the knowledge of the inverse mapping from the response spectrum to earthquake accelerogram. In the first step, Hartley transform is used to decompose earthquake accelerograms, then a RBF neural network is trained to learn to relate the response spectrum to Hartley spectrum. Finally, the generated accelerogram using inverse discrete Hartley transform is obtained from target spectrum. Approximately 200 uniformly scaled horizontal ground motion records from recent Iran’s earthquakes are used to decompose with real Hartley transform and train networks.
F. Sarvi , S. Shojaee , P. Torkzadeh,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (6-2014)
Abstract

This paper presents an efficient method for updating the structural finite element model. Model updating is performed through minimizing the difference of recorded acceleration of real damaged structure and hypothetical damaged structure, by updating physical parameters in each phase using iterative process of Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. This algorithm is based on sensitivity analysis and provides a linear solution for nonlinear damage detection problem. The presented method is capable of detecting the exact location and ratio of structural damage in the presence of noise or incomplete data.
M. Mohebbi, H. Dadkhah, K. Shakeri,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (7-2015)
Abstract

In this paper, optimal design of hybrid low damping base isolation and magnetorheological (MR) damper has been studied. Optimal hybrid base isolation system has been designed to minimize the maximum base drift of low damping base isolation system where for solving the optimization problem, genetic algorithm (GA) has been used. In design procedure the maximum acceleration of the structure has been limited, too. To determine the volatge of semi-active MR damper the H2/LQG and clipped-optimal control algorithm has been applied. For numerical simulations, a three-story frame equipped with the hybrid base isolation and MR damper subjected to the scaled El Centro excitation and optimal hybrid system has been designed. Results of numerical simulations have proven the effectiveness of the optimal hybrid control system in controlling the maximum base drift of isolated structure. Also comparing the performance of hybrid, low and high damping base isolation systems has shown that adding MR damper to low damping base isolation system has improved its performance so that the hybrid system has worked better th an high damping base isolation in reducing the maximum base drift. Testing optimal hybrid control system under different excitations has shown its efficiency.
M. A. Shayanfar, A. Kaveh, O. Eghlidos , B. Mirzaei,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2016)
Abstract

In  this  paper,  a  method  is  presented  for  damage  detection  of  bridges  using  the  Enhanced Colliding Bodies Optimization (ECBO)  utilizing time-domain responses. The finite element modeling of the structure is based on  the equation of motion under the moving load, and the flexural stiffness of the structure is determined by the acceleration responses obtained via sensors placed in different places. Damage detection problem presented in this research is an inverse  problem,  which  is  optimized  by  the  ECBO  algorithm,  and  the  damages  in  the structures  are  fully  detected.  Furthermore,  for  simulating  the  real  situation,  the  effect  of measured noises is considered on the structure, to obtain more accurate results.


A. Zare Hosseinzadeh, G. Ghodrati Amiri, S. A. Seyed Razzaghi,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2016)
Abstract

In  this  paper  a  new  method  is  presented  for  structural  damage  identification.  First,  the damaged structure is  excited by short  duration impact acceleration  and then, the  recorded structural displacement time history responses under free vibration conditions are analyzed by Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) and Wavelet Residual Force (WRF) is calculated. Finally, an effective damage-sensitive index is proposed to localize structural damage with a high  level  of  accuracy.  The  presented  method  is  applied  to  three  numerical  examples, namely  a  fifteen-story  shear  frame,  a  concrete  cantilever  beam  and  a  four-story,  two-bay plane steel frame, under different damage patterns, to detect structural damage either in free noise or noisy states. In addition, some comparative studies are carried out to compare the presented  index  with  other  relative  indices.  Obtained  results,  not  only  illustrate  the  good performance of the presented approach for damage identification in engineering structures, but  also  introduce  it  as  a  stable  and  viable  strategy  especially  when  the  input  data  are contaminated with different levels of random noises.


S. Chakraverty , D. M. Sahoo,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (9-2016)
Abstract

Earthquakes are one of the most destructive natural phenomena which consist of rapid vibrations of rock near the earth’s surface. Because of their unpredictable occurrence and enormous capacity of destruction, they have brought fear to mankind since ancient times. Usually the earthquake acceleration is noted from the equipment in crisp or exact form. But in actual practice those data may not be obtained exactly at each time step, rather those may be with error. So those records at each time step are assumed here as intervals. Then using those interval acceleration data, the structural responses are found. The primary background for the present study is to model Interval Artificial Neural Network (IANN) and to compute structural response of a structural system by training the model for Indian earthquakes at Chamoli and Uttarkashi using interval ground motion data. The neural network is first trained here for real interval earthquake data. The trained IANN architecture is then used to simulate earthquakes by feeding various intensities and it is found that the predicted responses given by IANN model are good for practical purposes. The above may give an idea about the safety of the structural system in case of future earthquakes. Present paper demonstrates the procedure for simple case of a simple shear structure but the procedure may easily be generalized for higher storey structures as well.


Mehmet E Uz, P. Sharafi,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (10-2016)
Abstract

This study investigates the efficacy of optimal semi-active dampers for achieving the best results in seismic response mitigation of adjacent buildings connected to each other by magnetorheological (MR) dampers under earthquakes. One of the challenges in the application of this study is to develop an effective optimal control strategy that can fully utilize the capabilities of the MR dampers. Hence, a SIMULINK block in MATLAB program was developed to compute the desired control forces at each floor level and to the obtain number of dampers. Linear quadratic regulator (LQR) and linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) controllers are used for obtaining the desired control forces, while the desired voltage is calculated based on clipped voltage law (CVL). The control objective is to minimize both the maximum displacement and acceleration responses of the structure. As a result, MR dampers can provide significant displacement response control that is possible with less voltage for the shorter building.


M. Khatibinia, H. Gholami, S. F. Labbafi,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (10-2016)
Abstract

Tuned  mass  dampers  (TMDs)  are  as  a  efficient  control  tool  in  order  to  reduce  undesired vibrations  of  tall  buildings  and  large–span  bridges  against  lateral  loads  such  as  wind  and earthquake. Although many researchers has been widely  investigated  TMD systems  due to its  simplicity  and  application,  the  optimization  of  parameters  and  placement  of  TMD  are challenging tasks. Furthermore, ignoring the effects of soil–structure interaction (SSI) may lead to unrealistic desig of structure and its dampers. Hence, the  effects of SSI should be considered  in  the  design  of  TMD.  Therefore,  the  main  aim  of  this  study  is  to  optimize parameters  of  TMD  subjected  to  earthquake  and  considering  the  effects  of  SSI.  In  this regard,  the  parameters  of  TMD  including  mass,  stiffness  and   damping  optimization  are considered  as  the  variables  of  optimization.  The  maximum  absolute  displacement  and acceleration of structure are also simultaneously selected as objective functions. The multi –objective particle  swarm optimization  (MOPSO) algorithm  is adopted  to find  the  optimal parameters  of  TMD.  In  this  study,  the  Lagrangian  method  is  utilized  for  obtaining  the equations of motion for SSI system, and the time domain analysis is implemented based on Newmark method. In order to investigate the effects of SSI in the optimal design of TMD, a 40 storey shear building with a TMD subjected to the El–Centro earthquake is considered. The  numerical  results  show  that  the  SSI  effects  have  the  significant  influence  on  the optimum parameters of TMD.


M. Mohebbi, H. Dadkhah,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (7-2017)
Abstract

Semi-active base isolation system has been proposed mainly to mitigate the base drift of isolated structures while in most cases, its application causes the maximum acceleration of superstructure to be increased. In this paper, designing optimal semi-active base isolation system composed of linear base isolation system with low damping and magneto-rheological (MR) damper has been studied for controlling superstructure acceleration and base drift separately and simultaneously. A multi-objective optimization problem has been defined for optimal design of semi-active base isolation system which considers a linear combination of maximum acceleration and base drift as objective function where Genetic algorithm (GA) has been used to solve the optimization problem. H2/Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) and clipped-optimal control algorithms have been used to determine the desired control force and the voltage of MR damper in each time step. For numerical simulation, a four-story base isolated shear frame has been considered and for different values of weighting parameter in objective function, optimal semi-active base isolation system has been designed under various design earthquakes. The results show that by using base isolation system and supplemental MR damper, the superstructure acceleration and base drift can be suppressed significantly. Also, it has been concluded that by selecting proper values for maximum acceleration and base drift related weighting parameters in objective function, it is possible to mitigate the maximum acceleration and base drift simultaneously. Furthermore, semi-active control system has worked successfully under testing earthquakes regarding design criteria.


A. Kaveh, S. M. Hamze-Ziabari, T. Bakhshpoori,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (1-2018)
Abstract

In the present study, two new hybrid approaches are proposed for predicting peak ground acceleration (PGA) parameter. The proposed approaches are based on the combinations of Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy System (ANFIS) with Genetic Algorithm (GA), and with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). In these approaches, the PSO and GA algorithms are employed to enhance the accuracy of ANFIS model. To develop hybrid models, a comprehensive database from Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) are used to train and test the proposed models. Earthquake magnitude, earthquake source to site distance, average shear-wave velocity, and faulting mechanisms are used as predictive parameters. The performances of developed hybrid models (PSO-ANFIS-PSO and GA-ANFIS-GA) are compared with the ANFIS model and also the most common soft computing approaches available in the literature. According to the obtained results, three developed models can be effectively used to predict the PGA parameter, but the comparison of models shows that the PSO-ANFIS–PSO model provides better results.


M. Zabihi-Samani, M. Ghanooni-Bagha,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (1-2018)
Abstract

An optimal semi-active Cuckoo- Fuzzy algorithm is developed to drive the hydraulic semi-active damper for effective control of the dynamic deformation of building structures under earthquake loadings, in this paper. Hydraulic semi-active dampers (MR dampers) are semi active control devices that are managed by sending external voltage supply. A new adaptive fuzzy logic controller (FLC) is introduced to manage MR damper intelligently. Furthermore, a novel evolutionary algorithm of cuckoo search (CS) was employed to optimize the placement and the number of MR dampers and sensors in the sense of minimum resultant vibration magnitude. Numerical efforts were accomplished to validate the efficiency of proposed FLC. In designer’s point of view, the proposed CS-FLC controller can find the optimal solutions during a reasonable number of iterations. Finally, The simulation results show that the developed semi‐active damper can significantly enhance the seismic performance of the buildings in terms of controlled story drift and roof displacement and acceleration. CS-FLC controller uses less input energy and could find the appropriate control force and attenuates the excessive responses in several buildings. The findings in this study will help engineers to design control systems for seismic risk mitigation and effectively facilitate the performance‐based seismic design.


S. Fallahian, A. Joghataie , M.t. Kazemi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (10-2018)
Abstract

An effective method utilizing the differential evolution algorithm (DEA) as an optimisation solver is suggested here to detect the location and extent of single and multiple damages in structural systems using time domain response method. Changes in acceleration response of structure are considered as a criterion for damage occurrence. The acceleration of structures is obtained using Newmark method. Damage is simulated by reducing the elasticity modulus of structural members. Three illustrative examples are numerically investigated, considering also measurement noise effect. All the numerical results indicate the high accuracy of the proposed method for determining the location and severity of damage.
A. Gholizad, S. Eftekhar Ardabili,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (10-2018)
Abstract

The existence of recorded accelerograms to perform dynamic inelastic time history analysis is of the utmost importance especially in near-fault regions where directivity pulses impose extreme demands on structures and cause widespread damages. But due to the scarcity of recorded acceleration time histories, it is common to generate proper artificial ground motions. In this paper an alternative approach is proposed to generate near-fault pulse-like ground motions. A smoothening approach is taken to extract directivity pulses from an ensemble of near-fault pulse-like ground motions. First, it is proposed to simulate nonpulse-type ground motion using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) and Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT). Next, the pulse-like ground motion is produced by superimposing directivity pulse on the previously generated nonpulse-type motion. The main objective of this study is to generate near-field spectrum compatible records. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is employed to optimize both the parameters of pulse model and cluster radius in subtractive clustering and Principle Component Analysis (PCA) is used to reduce the dimension of ANFIS input vectors. Artificial records are generated for the first, second and third level of wavelet packet decomposition. Finally, a number of interpretive examples are presented to show how the method works. The results show that the response spectra of generated records are decently compatible with the target near-field spectrum, which is the main objective of the study.

Page 1 from 2    
First
Previous
1
 

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Iran University of Science & Technology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb