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Showing 9 results for Shape Optimization

S. Gholizadeh, A. Barzegar , Ch. Gheyratmand,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (9-2011)

The main aim of the present study is to propose a modified harmony search (MHS) algorithm for size and shape optimization of structures. The standard harmony search (HS) algorithm is conceptualized using the musical process of searching for a perfect state of the harmony. It uses a stochastic random search instead of a gradient search. The proposed MHS algorithm is designed based on elitism. In fact the MHS is a multi-staged version of the HS and in each stage a new harmony memory is created using the information of the previous stages. Numerical results reveal that the proposed algorithm is a powerful optimization technique with improved exploitation characteristics compared with the standard HS.
A. Kaveh, V.r. Mahdavi,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)

In recent years, the importance of economical considerations in the field of dam engineering has motivated many researchers to propose new methods for minimizing the cost of dames and in particular arch dams. This paper presents a method for shape optimization of double curvature arch dams corresponding to minimum construction cost while satisfying different constraints such as natural frequencies, stability and geometrical limitations. For optimization, the charged system search (CSS) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) are employed. To validate the finite element model, a real arch dam is considered as a test example. The results of the present method are compared to those of other optimization algorithms for the selected example from literature.
S. Shojaee, N. Valizadeh , M. Arjomand,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (12-2011)

One primary problem in shape optimization of structures is making a robust link between design model (geometric description) and analysis model. This paper investigates the potential of Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) for solving this problem. The generic framework of shape optimization of structures is presented based on Isogeometric analysis. By discretization of domain via NURBS functions, the analysis model will precisely demonstrate the geometry of structure. In this study Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is used for Isogeometric shape optimization. The option of selecting the position and weight of control points as design variables, needless to sensitivity analysis relationships, is the superiority of the proposed method over gradient-based methods. The other advantages of this method are its straightforward implementation
S. Shojaee, M. Mohamadianb , N. Valizadeh,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (3-2012)

In the present paper, an approach is proposed for structural topology optimization based on combination of Radial Basis Function (RBF) Level Set Method (LSM) with Isogeometric Analysis (IGA). The corresponding combined algorithm is detailed. First, in this approach, the discrete problem is formulated in Isogeometric Analysis framework. The objective function based on compliance of particular locations of materials in the structure is used and find the optimal distribution of material in the domain to minimize the compliance of the system under a volume constraint. The refinement is employed for construction of the physical mesh to be consistent with the mesh is used for level set function. Then a parameterized level set method with radial basis functions (RBFs) is used for structural topology optimization. Finally, several numerical examples are provided to confirm the validity of the method.
S. Gholizadeh, H. Barati,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (7-2012)

In the present study, the computational performance of the particle swarm optimization (PSO) harmony search (HS) and firefly algorithm (FA), as popular metaheuristics, is investigated for size and shape optimization of truss structures. The PSO was inspired by the social behavior of organisms such as bird flocking. The HS imitates the musical performance process which takes place when a musician searches for a better state of harmony, while the FA was based on the idealized behavior of the flashing characteristics of natural fireflies. These algorithms were inspired from different natural sources and their convergence behavior is focused in this paper. Several benchmark size and shape optimization problems of truss structures are solved using PSO, HS and FA and the results are compared. The numerical results demonstrate the superiority of FA to HS and PSO.
A. Ahrari, A. A. Atai,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2013)

The prevalent strategy in the topology optimization phase is to select a subset of members existing in an excessively connected truss, called Ground Structure, such that the overall weight or cost is minimized. Although finding a good topology significantly reduces the overall cost, excessive growth of the size of topology space combined with existence of varied types of design variables challenges applicability of evolutionary algorithms tailored for simultaneous optimization of topology, shape and size (TSS) in more complicated cases which are of great practical interest. In practice, large-scale truss structures are often modular, formed by joining periodically repeated units. This article organizes a novel simulation approach for this class of truss structures where the main drawbacks of the ground structure-based simulation approach are greatly moderated. The two approaches are independently employed for simultaneous TSS optimization of a modular truss example and the size of topology space as well as the required computation budget to generate an acceptable candidate design is compared. Result comparison reveals by employing the novel approach, problem complexity grows linearly with respect to the number of modules which allows for expanding application of TSS optimizers to complex modular trusses. Use of relative coordinates is also warranted for shape optimization which concludes to a more efficient optimization process.
R. Deepika, C.r. Suribabu,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (8-2015)

The shape optimization of gravity dam is posed as an optimization problem with goals of minimum value of concrete, stresses and maximum safety against overturning and sliding need to be achieved. Optimally designed structure generally saves large investments especially for a large structure. The size of hydraulic structures is usually huge and thus requires a huge investment. If the optimization techniques are employed in the design stage, the project investment can be effectively minimized. There are many optimization techniques were used to optimize the gravity dam. In the present work, optimization of gravity dam is carried out using the differential evolution technique. Differential evolution is an evolutionary algorithm which process iteratively to locate best solution in the large search space. Searching of optimal solution to a problem is carried out by the process of mutation, cross over and reproduction from the initial developed candidate solutions. After undergoing a number of iterations, it is possible to get the minimum cross sectional area of dam which can satisfy various constraints and thus the reduction in volume of concrete can be achieved. From the results obtained, it is found that differential evolution is one of the efficient techniques for solving such a problem over continuous space. The success of differential evolution in solving a specific problem critically depends on appropriately choosing trial vector generation strategies and their associated control parameter value. The optimum solution obtained is compared with analytical method and it is found that there is 20.44 % of reduction in the requirement of concrete is envisaged.
M. Khatibinia, H. Chiti, A. Akbarpour , H. R. Naseri,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (1-2016)

This study focuses on the shape optimization of concrete gravity dams considering dam–water–foundation interaction and nonlinear effects subject to earthquake. The concrete gravity dam is considered as a two–dimensional structure involving the geometry and material nonlinearity effects. For the description of the nonlinear behavior of concrete material under earthquake loads, the Drucker–Prager model based on the associated flow rule is adopted in this study. The optimum design of concrete gravity dams is achieved by the hybrid of an improved gravitational search algorithm (IGSA) and the orthogonal crossover (OC), called IGSA–OC. In order to reduce the computational cost of optimization process, the support vector machine approach is employed to approximate the dam response instead of directly evaluating it by a time–consuming finite element analysis. To demonstrate the nonlinear behavior of concrete material in the optimum design of concrete gravity dams, the shape optimization of a real dam is presented and compared with that of dam considering linear effect.
P. Sharafi, M. Mortazavi, M. Askarian, M. E. Uz, C. Zhang, J. Zhang,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (10-2017)

Graph theory based methods are powerful means for representing structural systems so that their geometry and topology can be understood clearly. The combination of graph theory based methods and some metaheuristics can offer effective solutions for complex engineering optimization problems. This paper presents a Charged System Search (CSS) algorithm for the free shape optimizations of thin-walled steel sections, represented by some popular graph theory based methods. The objective is to find shapes of minimum mass and/or maximum strength for thin-walled steel sections that satisfy design constraints, which results in a general formulation for a bi-objective combinatorial optimization problem. A numerical example involving the shape optimization of thin-walled open and closed steel sections is presented to demonstrate the robustness of the method.

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