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H. S. Kazemi, S. M. Tavakkoli, R. Naderi,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2016)

The Isogeometric Analysis (IA) is utilized for structural topology optimization  considering minimization of weight and local stress constraints. For this purpose, material density of the structure  is  assumed  as  a  continuous  function  throughout  the  design  domain  and approximated using the Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) basis functions. Control points of the density surface are considered as design variables of the optimization problem that can change the topology during the optimization process. For initial design, weight and stresses of the structure are obtained based on full material density over the design domain. The  Method  of  Moving  Asymptotes  (MMA)  is  employed  for  optimization  algorithm. Derivatives of the objective function and constraints with respect to the design variables are determined  through  a  direct  sensitivity  analysis.  In  order  to  avoid  singularity  a  relaxation technique  is  used  for  calculating  stress  constraints.  A  few  examples  are  presented  to demonstrate the performance of the method. It is shown that using the IA method and an appropriate stress relaxation technique can lead to reasonable optimum layouts.

M. Torkan , M. Naderi Dehkordi,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (10-2018)

Concrete is the second most consumed material after water and the most widely used construction material in the world. The compressive strength of concrete is one of its most important mechanical properties, which highly depends on its mix design. The present study uses the intelligent methods with instance-based learning ability to predict the compressive strength of concrete. To achieve this objective, first, a set of data pertaining to concrete mix designs containing fly ash was collected. Then, mix design parameters were used as the inputs of the artificial neural network (ANN), support vector machine (SVM), and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) developed for predicting the compressive strength. In all these models, prediction accuracy largely depends on the parameters of the learning model. Hence, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm, as a powerful population-based algorithm for solving continuous and discrete optimization problems, was used to determine the optimal values of algorithm parameters. The hybrid models were trained and tested with 426 experimental data and their results were compared by statistical criteria. Comparing the results of the developed models with the real values showed that the ANFIS-PSO hybrid model has the best performance and accuracy among the assessed methods.

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