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Showing 5 results for Khan

M. Khanzadi, K. Zia Dabirian, K. Zia Ghazvini,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (10-2013)

Highway construction projects are one of the most important construction projects in the world. Therefore predicting the time of these kinds of projects is important. Basically highway projects are including few activities which are repeating along the horizontal direction. One of the best methods for scheduling these types of projects is linear scheduling method. The repetitive nature of the highway activities is a good reason for schedulers to use linear scheduling methods in order to estimate the time of the project. One of the most important factors in linear projects is considering the effect of the activities productivity on scheduling. The first part of the research has been proposed to quantify the main equation of the identified factors for predicting the daily production rates of the embankment activity. The second part is scheduling the highway construction projects by developing the LSMvpr method based on the application of the embankment activity productivity equation. The purpose of the research is to develop the LSMvpr method for scheduling the highway construction projects by considering the concept of activity productivity in the shape of an equation varying by independent variables changes. By the use of multiple regression analysis the coefficients of affecting factors have been calculated in order to gain a production rate equation for predicting the embankment activity productivity. A software package has been presented for scheduling a highway construction project by coding in MATLAB. The offered software used for validating the model for scheduling the highway construction projects.
M. Mohebbi , A. BagherKhani,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2014)

In the area of semi-active control of civil structures, Magneto-Rheological (MR) damper has been an efficient mechanism for reducing the seismic response of structures. In this paper, an effective method based on defining an optimization problem for designing MR dampers has been proposed. In the proposed method, the parameters of semi-active control system are determined so that the maximum response of structure is minimized. To solve the optimization problem, the Genetic algorithm (GA) has been utilized. The modified Bouc-Wen model has been used to represent the dynamic behavior of MR damper while to determine the input voltage at any time step, the clipped optimal control algorithm with LQR controller has been applied. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, a ten-storey shear frame subjected to the El-Centro excitation and for two different kinds of objective functions, optimal MR dampers have been designed. Then the performance of optimal MR damper has been tested under different excitations. The results of the numerical simulations have shown the effectiveness of the proposed method in designing optimal MR dampers that have the capability of reducing the response of the structures up to a significant level. In addition, the effect of selecting a proper objective function to achieve the best performance of MR dampers in decreasing different responses of structure has been shown.
A. N. Khan, R. B. Magar, H. S. Chore,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (8-2018)

The use of supplementary cementing materials is gradually increasing due to technical, economical, and environmental benefits. Supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) are most commonly used in producing ready mixed concrete (RMC). A quantitative understanding of the efficiency of SCMs as a mineral admixture in concrete is essential for its effective utilisation. The performance and effective utilization of various SCMs can be possible to analyze, using the concept of the efficiency factor (k-value). This study describes the overview of various studies carried out on the efficiency factor of SCMs. Also, it is an effort directed towards a specific understanding of the efficiency of SCMs in concrete. Further it includes an overview of artificial neural network (ANN) for the prediction of the efficiency factor of SCMs in concrete. It is found that The model generated through ANN provided a tool to calculate efficiency factor (k) and capture the effects of different parameters such as, water-binder ratio; cement dosage; percentage replacement of SCMs; and curing age.
M. T. Alami, H. Abbasi, M. H. NiksoKhan , M. Zarghami,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (8-2018)

Best Management Practices (BMPs) are implemented in a watershed to reduce the amount of non-point source pollutants transported to water bodies. However, an optimization algorithm is required to choose the efficient type, size, and location of BMPs for application in a watershed for improving the water quality. In this study, the Charged System Search, a well-known and powerful meta-heuristic optimization algorithm, as an optimization model and a semi-distributed hydrological model i.e. Soil and Water Assesment Tool (SWAT) were coupled to obtain cost-effective combination of different BMPs. To demonstrate the performance and applicability of the coupled model, it was utilized to Sofichai watershed upstream of the Alavian Reservoir in the northwestern part of Iran to compare four reduction levels of sediment, nitrate nitrogen and phosphate phosphorous loads at the watershed outlet.
R. Ghousi, M. Khanzadi, K. Mohammadi Atashgah,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (10-2018)

Construction industry has the highest ratio of fatality of workers in comparison with other industries. Construction safety has been always a matter of focus to control safety risks. This article presents a new flexible method of safety risk assessment by adding Hybrid Value Number (HVN) to the assessment equation. As a result of using this method, the results of assessment process will be more consistent with the project’s conditions, as well as being more trustful. It could provide a better perspective of safety risks for project managers. The most significant outcomes of this research are as follows: 1) the most influential factors which affect safety risks in building construction projects are "the proficiency and the experience of workers", "the complexity of construction technology" and "time limitation", 2) the biggest risk priority numbers belong to "Struck by falling objects" and "Falling to lower levels" hazards, 3)a necessary safety program must contain Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), safety measures and safety training, 4)Project managers can decrease 75% of total safety risks by investing less than 1.5% of construction budget on safety programs.

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