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Showing 4 results for Alavi

S.a. Alavi, B. Ahmadi-Nedushan, H. Rahimi Bondarabadi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (3-2011)
Abstract

In this article, an efficient methodology is presented to optimize the topology of structural systems under transient loads. Equivalent static loads concept is used to deal with transient loads and to solve an alternate quasi-static optimization problem. The maximum strain energy of the structure under the transient load during the loading interval is used as objective function. The objective function is calculated in each iteration and then the dynamic optimization problem is replaced by a static optimization problem, which is subsequently solved by a convex linearization approach combining linear and reciprocal approximation functions. The optimal layout of a deep beam subjected to transient loads is considered as a case study to verify the effectiveness of the presented methodology. Results indicate that the optimal layout is dependant of the loading interval.
S. Gerist, S.s. NaserAlavi , E. Salajegheh,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (6-2012)
Abstract

In damage detection the number of elements is generally more than the number of measured frequencies. Consequently, the corresponding damage detection equation is undetermined and thus has infinite solutions. Since in the damaged structures most of their elements remain healthy, the sparsest solution for the damage detection equation is mostly the actual damage. In the proposed method, the damage equation is first linearized in various ways using random finite difference increments. The sparsest solutions for created linear system of equations are derived using basis pursuit. These solutions are considered as the first population for a continuous genetic algorithm to obtain the damage solution. For investigation of the proposed method three case studies are considered. Simulation results confirm the efficiency of the proposed method compared to those found in the literature.
S.s. NaserAlavi, E. Salajegheh, J. Salajegheh, M. Ziaee,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (10-2012)
Abstract

A novel two-stage algorithm for detection of damages in large-scale structures under static loads is presented. The technique utilizes the vector of response change (VRC) and sensitivities of responses with respect to the elemental damage parameters (RSEs). It is shown that VRC approximately lies in the subspace spanned by RSEs corresponding to the damaged elements. The property is leveraged in the first stage of the proposed method by seeking RSEs whose spanned subspace best contains the VRC. Consequently, the corresponding elements are regarded as damage candidates. To alleviate the exploration among RSEs, they are first partitioned into several clusters. Subsequently, discrete ant colony optimization (ACO) is utilized to find the clusters containing the RSEs of damaged elements. In the second stage of the algorithm, damage amounts for the restricted elements are determined using a continuous version of ACO. Two numerical examples are studied. The results illustrate that the method is both robust and efficient for detection of damages in large-scale structures.
S. Beygzadeh, E. Salajegheh, P. Torkzadeh, J. Salajegheh, S.s. NaserAlavi,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2013)
Abstract

In this study, efficient methods for optimal sensor placement (OSP) based on a new geometrical viewpoint for damage detection in structures is presented. The purpose is to minimize the effects of noise on the damage detection process. In the geometrical viewpoint, a sensor location is equivalent to projecting the elliptical noise on to a face of response space which is corresponding to the sensor. The large diameters of elliptical noise make the damage detection process problematic. To overcome this problem, the diameters of the elliptical noise are scaled by filter factor to obtain an elliptical called equivalent elliptical noise. Based on the geometrical viewpoint, six simple forward algorithms are introduced to find the OSP. To evaluate the merits of the proposed method, a two-dimensional truss, under both static and dynamic loads, is studied. Numerical results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method.

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